Ongoing Activities

Steve Sachs

Environmental Activities

Eoin Higgins, "With Over 6 Million People Worldwide, Climate Strikes Largest Coordinated Global Uprising Since Iraq War Protests, The momentum is on our side and we are not going anywhere," Common Dreams, September 27, 2019, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/09/27/over-6-million-people-worldwide-climate-strikes-largest-coordinated-global-uprising, reported, " Climate strikes over the last seven days drew over 6.6 million people into the streets around the world, putting the week-long action on par with the 2003 global protest against the U.S.-lead invasion of Iraq.
     Friday's 600,000 strong demonstration in Montreal made the total number of people who took part in the seven days of action almost certainly the largest demonstration our planet has yet seen about climate change said 350.org founder Bill McKibben.
     In a statement, 350 gave the numbers:
      From 20th to 27th of September, 1.4 million people took to the streets in Germany, over 1 million in Italy, over 600,000 in Canada, over 500,000 in the United States, 350,000 in Australia and another 350,000 in the United Kingdom, 195,000 in France, 170,000 in New Zealand, 150,000 in Austria, 50,000 in Ireland, 70,000 in Sweden, 42,000 in the Netherlands, 20,000 in Brazil, 21,000 in Finland, 15,000 in Peru, 13,000 in Mexico, 13,000 in India, 10,000 in Denmark, 10,000 in Turkey, 10,000 in Pakistan, 6,000 in Hungary, 5,000 in South Korea, 5,000 in Japan, 5,000 in South Africa, more than 3,500 in Chile, 3,000 in the Pacific, 2,000 in Singapore and much more, since many locations are still striking and the final count is not yet confirmed.
     'The week of Global Climate Strikes is on par with the 2003 anti-Iraq war protest as one of the largest coordinated global protests in history, 350 said.
     'We strike because we believe there is no Planet B and that we should do everything in our power to stop this crisis, Fridays for Future Turkey organizer Atlas Sarrafoğlu said.
     'Otherwise my dreams of having a happy future will be taken away from me as well as all the other kids all over the world.'Organizers of the global movement said that they were pleased with the turnout and that the movement wasn't going anywhere.
     'This week was a demonstration of the power of our movement, said Fridays For Future International. It was inspiring and historic. People power is more powerful than the people in power.'
     'It was the biggest ever climate mobilization, and it's only the beginning," the group said. "The momentum is on our side and we are not going anywhere.'
     350 executive director May Boeve said that the climate actions would continue until policies improve.
     'We will keep fighting until the politicians stop ignoring the science, and the fossil fuel companies are held responsible for their crimes against our future, as they should have been decades ago, said Boeve.
     Our work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License."
     Global Climate Strike reported on its web site, accessed October 4, 209, https://globalclimatestrike.net, that during the week of September 20-27, 2019 Climate Strike engaged "over 7.6 million people, 6135 actions, 185 countries, 73 trade unions, 3024 businesses, 820 organizations, 8583 websites."
     "Global Climate Strike, 20-27 September," 350.org, by E-mail August 9, 2019, https://actionnetwork.org/event_campaigns/us-climate-strikes/, stated, " Everywhere, the signs are clear: our climate is on the brink of collapse, and our communities are already suffering from the impacts. But you wouldn’t know that by looking at our political system.
     Why not? Because the people in power aren’t feeling this crisis like the rest of us, especially those of us who are poor or people of color. Across the Midwest, communities are still struggling to recover from unprecedented floods, particularly Indigenous nations. In refinery and coal plant communities around the country, black and brown people can barely leave their homes without worrying about the air they breathe.
      As the climate crisis continues to claim lives, and our future becomes more uncertain by the day, our elected officials keep catering to the fossil fuel billionaires who created this problem instead of protecting people and the planet. It’s no wonder young people around the world have been taking to the streets for more than a year. Now , the youth are calling on people of all ages to join in — and it’s up to all of us to heed the call to action.On September 20th, millions of people of all ages around the world will walk out of their classes, jobs, and homes as part of a Global Climate Strike. Nearly 100 events are already being organized across the US. Join one near you now, or sign up to host one where you live.
      We need just solutions to the climate crisis that don’t just address the symptoms. We know the root cause of this problem is a corporate-run economy built on systemic racism, wealth inequality, and all kinds of social injustice.
     We know what is needed for science and justice, and we have the solutions already. If we band together, we have the collective power to make those solutions politically inevitable — all it takes is every one of us acting in unison to create change.
      It’s past time to start implementing the bold solutions we need that prioritize communities already facing the climate crisis. RSVP now to a Climate Strikes event where you live — and if there isn’t one, sign up to host one yourself. Our organizers will support you every step of the way with the resources to help you plan it and make it a success.
     One day of striking won’t solve everything, but it will show those in power that we refuse to stand by in the face of climate crisis. It will show the world who the real villains in this story are. And if we’re numerous and loud enough, it will be the spark that helps turn the tide. And that’s all we really need."
     Onwards,
     Tamara Toles O'Laughlin - North America Director for 350.org."


     Future Coalition and 350.org state in a September 10, 2019 E-mail, "My name is Katie Eder. I’m a 19-year-old climate justice activist, and the executive director of Future Coalition — we’re coordinating a coalition of youth-led organizations organizing and mobilizing for the Climate Strike on September 20th.
     By now, you’ve probably received plenty of emails about the Climate Strike on September 20th. You probably already know that masses of people of all ages will join youth in the streets in over 500 US cities. But you might still be wondering, why are all these people striking? Why should I get involved?
     Today, I’m proud to announce that the US Climate Strike youth coalition has finalized a set of bold demands. RSVP below to a Climate Strike event where you live, then read our demands below."
     Too often, we think about solutions in a very small-minded way, inside the box, way. We don’t have time to stay in the box. We need to be more innovative with our solutions and ask for what we need, not what we think could be possible or has been possible in the past. We Demand:
     A Green New Deal that immediately halts all new fossil fuel projects and transitions our economy to 100% renewable energy by 2030.
     Respect of Indigenous lands and sovereignty — the US government must halt all resource extraction on or affecting Indigenous lands, and recognize the Rights of Nature into law.
     Environmental justice for communities on the frontlines of poverty and pollution, and sanctuary for all migrants.
     Protect and restore 50% of the world’s lands and oceans; stop all deforestation by 2030.
     Invest in sustainable agriculture, not agribusiness.
     We know what we’re asking for goes beyond the scope of what’s been achieved so far, but that’s precisely why we’re demanding it. We have just 11 years left to cut global emissions in half, and to do that, we need to work together to make these demands a reality .
     If you’re ready to start fighting for these demands, sign up to join a Climate Strike event where you live.
     Our only hope of achieving the sweeping transformation we need to save our futures is with the power of a mass movement. That movement that has existed in the US for decades is unifying and growing right now. People in over 100 countries are mobilizing for the Climate Strike — and over 500 US locations in all 50 states, as well as Puerto Rico and Guam, are joining in on the action
.
     Together, we are the hope for a different future than the one fossil fuel billionaires want to condemn us to. We still have the power to create the change we need, but only if we work together. That’s why we need you."


     Alex Marshall, "Climate Protesters Take to Streets of Cities Worldwide: Extinction Rebellion, the British-based activist group, shut down parts of central London for the second time in six months," The New York Times, October 7, 2019, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/07/world/europe/extinction-rebellion-protests.html, reported, "The climate group Extinction Rebellion blocked all major roads around Britain’s Parliament on Monday in protests the organization said would last two weeks." Other demonstrations and attempts at traffic blockages took place elsewhere in London, as in other places around the world including in New York, Germany, Australia and New Zealand.


      Jessica Corbett, "'We See No Other Options': Youth Activists Lead Global #ClimateStrike Ahead of COP 25: Countless negotiations have produced much-hyped but ultimately empty commitments from the world's governments," Common Dreams, November 29, 2019, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/11/29/we-see-no-other-options-youth-activists-lead-global-climatestrike-ahead-cop-25, reported, " People worldwide poured into the streets Friday for a youth-led climate strike that aimed to pressure global governments to step up their efforts to tackle the planetary emergency at a key United Nations summit scheduled to start Monday.
     'Striking is not a choice we relish; we do it because we see no other options, youth climate leaders Greta Thunberg of Sweden, Luisa Neubauer of Germany, and Angela Valenzuela of Chile wrote Friday in an op-ed for Project Syndicate.
     'We have watched a string of United Nations climate conferences unfold," they added. "Countless negotiations have produced much-hyped but ultimately empty commitments from the world's governments—the same governments that allow fossil fuel companies to drill for ever-more oil and gas, and burn away our futures for their profit.'"


     "Cultural Survival Supports The Youth Climate Strike," Cultural Survival, September 19, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/cultural-survival-supports-youth-climate-strike, stated, " Cultural Survival supports youth around the globe who are striking this September 20, 2019 in a call for urgent action for the climate.
      As one of its 5 core demands , the Youth Climate Strike Coalition urges Respect of Indigenous Land and Sovereignty. They call on legislators to:
     Honor the treaties protecting Indigenous lands, waters, and sovereignty by the immediate halt of all construction, leasing, and permitting for resource extraction, processing and infrastructure projects affecting or on Indigenous lands
     Recognize the Rights of Nature into law to protect our sacred ecosystems and align human law with natural law to ban resource extraction in defense of our environment and people

     Join Cultural Survival at the Boston Climate Strike:
     Young people and adult allies in Massachusetts are joining the global call to action on September 20th, 2019, and going on STRIKE! All are invited and encouraged to join us in Boston and kick off a week of climate actions around Massachusetts. We have 11 years to stop the climate crisis—help us tell our elected officials we demand justice.
     Our friends at the North American Indian Center of Boston and the United American Indians of New England will be hosting tables at City Hall Plaza. 10am – 11:30am: Community Events at City Hall Plaza11:30am – 1pm: Rally at City Hall Plaza1pm – 1:30pm: March to Massachusetts State House 1:30pm – 2:30pm: Action at Massachusetts State HouseIndigenous speakers confirmed at the Strike include Jean-Luc Pierite (Tunica-Biloxi) of NAICOB and Mahtowin Munro (Lakota) of UAINE
     Find more details on the Boston strike at strikewithus.org/boston/ or to find a climate strike near you, visit strikewithus.org.
     Follow @ClimateStrikeMA on Twitter, FacE-Book, and Instagram.
     For march updates from Cultural Survival follow @CSORG on Twitter, Cultural Survival on FacE-Book and @cultural_survivalon Instagram.
     Hashtags: #YCSBoston, #ClimateStrikeMA, #climatestrike, #climatecrisis, #fridaysforfuture, #strikewithus, #ClimateStrike"


     As COP25 was beginning in Spain: Clark Mindock, "Climate change protesters storm Washington DC, blocking roads and causing gridlock: Demonstrators carried flags and a neon green banner with ‘Extinction Rebellion’ emblazoned on it," Independent, December 6, 2019, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/climate-change-protests-washington-spain-greta-thunberg-fridays-for-future-extinction-rebellion-a9236241.html, reported, " Climate change protests in downtown Washington have shut down streets and caused major gridlock, as the fight over the world’s environmental future has once again been brought by activists to the heart of America’s political system."
     The DC protest for rapid, strong action on climate change was part of a world-wide effort, including on that day, involving Greta Thunberg's inspired "Fridays for the Future" and "Extinction Rebellion." Among the climate demonstrations elsewhere were large ones in Spain
.


     "The Indigenous Environmental Network stated, December 13, 2019, https://www.mynewsletterbuilder.com/email/newsletter/1414263824, " For the last two weeks Indigenous Environmental Network has been organizing on the ground at the United Nation's Climate Conference #COP25 to stop them from passing Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Indigenous leaders from across Mother Earth have traveled to make their voices clear-- nix Article 6. Carbon mechanisms are co2 colonialism that commodify Indigenous resources to turn them into carbon dumping grounds.  
     The Indigenous Rising Media team has been following these leaders in Madrid as they have been organizing massive protests inside and outside the #COP25 Conference and creating content so that our relatives can follow along. Main stream media often fails to center Indigenous peoples in its coverage of the climate change so we need your help to uplift their voices. Check out the video pieces below we have created while at #COP25 by clicking...: https://www.facE-Book.com/Indigenousrisingmedia/videos/667295164103691/." There are several related videos at: https://www.mynewsletterbuilder.com/email/newsletter/1414263824.


     "Indigenous Groups Call Out the Financiers of Amazon Destruction at COP 25" Compelling ad in the Financial Times special COP supplement names and shames those profiting from Amazon destruction," Amazon Watch, December 5, 2019, https://amazonwatch.org/news/2019/1205-indigenous-groups-call-out-the-financiers-of-amazon-destruction-at-cop-25, stated, " As world governments convene in Madrid to participate in COP 25, indigenous peoples are also making their voices heard and their presence felt. Many indigenous leaders and their allies will be in Madrid during the conference to offer tangible solutions to address our shared climate emergency. The Conferences of the Parties (COP) is the supreme decision-making body of the UNFCCC, which was established to lead the international response to climate change.
     As an alternative to the official COP proceedings – which will be dominated by governments and industries – indigenous peoples are organizing a separate
Minga Indígena gathering to promote learning, discussion, and reflection among indigenous leaders and share updates about how their communities and territories are developing alternative solutions to climate change. It will present proposals to the COP and demand the full participation of indigenous communities.
     Today the Association of Brazil's Indigenous Peoples (APIB) published a compelling ad in the Financial Times ' special COP supplement . The ad, made possible by an anonymous donor and participation of Amazon Watch and Rainforest Action Network, calls out the worst offenders that finance Amazon destruction – specifically naming BlackRock , Vanguard, JPMorgan Chase, Santander, BNP Paribas, and HSBC – and makes clear that, the fate of the Amazon is the fate of the world.'
     'To major U.S. and European financial institutions: your money, and the money of your investors, is driving the destruction of our home: the Amazon rainforest. By financing companies that buy and sell commodities from conflict areas, such as soy and beef, you are promoting deforestation and violence on our lands, while unleashing climate chaos. We, indigenous peoples of Brazil, ask that you stop enabling this disaster
. -Sônia Guajajara, Executive Coordinator of APIB
     As long as international financial institutions like BlackRock and JPMorgan Chase continue to fuel the environmental and human rights crises in Brazil and throughout the Amazon, we'll continue to pressure them to use their considerable power to cease financing the problem and instead be part of the solution. Bringing about lasting change requires shifting the actions of the largest drivers of deforestation and the climate movement must unite behind this task."


     "Native American COP25 Delegation Removed from US Embassy While Trying to Honor Missing and Murdered Women," The Indigenous Environmental Network, December 10, 2019, https://www.mynewsletterbuilder.com/email/newsletter/1414260270, stated, "Today, Indigenous Environmental Network organized over 75 Indigenous activists and their allies demonstrated in front of the US Embassy in Madrid, Spain to demand justice for missing and murdered Indigenous women, two-spirits and girls(MMIW). The delegation was removed from the sidewalk by Spain’s National Police and followed for blocks. The police liaison with the group was held back and forced to show his documents.
     In 2016, the Urban Indian Health Institute found that only 116 out of 5,712 cases of MMIWG reported in the United States were recorded in the Department of Justice’s federal missing persons database.
      Many of these cases have been the direct result of extractive fossil fuel industries implanting man camps for transient industry workers located near Native American communities. This is especially apparent for rural areas in states such as North Dakota and Montana, which continue to be the epicenter of violence against Indigenous women. Additionally, according to the Urban Indian Health Institute, 70% of Alaska Natives live in urban areas, where Indigenous women not only go missing, but are underreported by municipal police agencies and all too often ignored by local media. We can no longer allow for this issue to be invisibilized by the government or the media alike.
      'Whether in rundown motels or pop-up camps, certain things hold true. There is an influx of transient workers who bring alcohol, drugs and violence, such as rape, murder and human trafficking, says Casey Camp-Horinek of the Ponca Nation in Oklahoma."
      TransCanada and other fossil fuel corporations continue to build pipelines, like Keystone XL, that transport tar sands oil from Canada through jurisdictions in the United States that lack the bodies of justice such as Free, Prior and Informed consent, as well as transparent intercommunication between multilateral enforcement agencies, which are necessary to protect Indigenous communities and allow them to practice their respective cultures. The overarching result is violence against Indigenous lands, which perpetuates violence against Indigenous women.
      It will take much more than an Executive Actions that allocates a perfunctory $1.5 million in federal dollars to address and dismantle human rights violations against Indigenous women and Indigenous lands. And pursuant to the 1991 Principles of Environmental Justice, governmental acts of environmental injustice are considered a violation of international law, the Universal Declaration On Human Rights, and the United Nations Convention on Genocide.
      'We call on the global community and all peoples of the United States to join our call for action, to join our call for recognition and to join our demands for the real action it will take to protect and respect Indigenous women, said Bineshi Albert, Movement Director of the Indigenous Environmental Network. This is not a political issue that should be used to generate votes, it’s a matter of life and death, of dignity, which is why all federal initiatives must include local Indigenous communities in positions of leadership that recognize and respect our sovereignty.'”


     350.org reported via E-mail, "After three tense days of final negotiations , the 25th UN climate talks ended on Sunday 15 December. In the end, world leaders failed to curb coal, oil, and gas industries, as powerful countries with vested fossil fuel interests blocked progress. Many big issues on how to implement the Paris Agreement were left until next year’s conference, COP26 in Glasgow.
     But at the same time, civil society rose for climate justice and indigenous rights in a big way, building a movement that will get bigger and stronger.
Half a million people marched on the streets of Madrid during COP, at the same time as thousands more in Santiago, Chile. And over 38,000 people from 191 countries joined you in calling for governments to stop spending public money on fossil fuels , and stop listening to the polluters!"


     Frank Hopper, "Native protectors at Wash. State Capitol square off with riot police, and stay put," ICT, October 10, 2019, https://files.constantcontact.com/c2394f27001/19c978e9-4c12-4fc2-8081-01d581e643b1.pdf, reported, " Members of the group, Protectors of the Salish Sea, founded and led by Paul Chiyokten Wagner of the Saanich Nation, have kept a 24-hour vigil on the steps of the capitol building since September 24. They say they’ll stay until Gov. Jay Inslee meets their four demands, which include issuing an executive order terminating all fossil fuel expansion projects in the state ."


      Joaqlin Estus, "Alaska Federation of Natives declares climate emergency," ICT, October 22, 2019, https://newsmaven.io/indiancountrytoday/news/alaska-federation-of-natives-declares-climate-emergency-mkTHoLoqAkKpeKmNRjZkvw/, reported that the Alaska Federation of Natives convention passed a resolution declaring a state of emergency on climate change and calling for the establishment of a climate change task force to develop climate policies.
     Nanieezh Peter, one of the proposers of the resolution read from its statement "that Alaska is warming at twice the rate of other parts of the world, which elucidated that Natives are experiencing extreme weather events, melting permafrost, flooding and erosion, “which are resulting in the relocation of entire communities along with devastating the natural habitats of our animal and plant relatives.”
     The resolution adds, “ In recent years, we have lost community members due to unpredictable and unsafe ice conditions. We have seen the die-off and disease of seals, salmon, migratory birds, shellfish, whales, and polar bears and recognize that these are also our relatives. We, the Alaska Native youth are asking our tribal leaders to consider, as is traditional, the future of their grandchildren and the generations to come.”
     Co proposer Quannah Potts added, “We shouldn't have to tell people in charge that we want to survive. It should be our number one right. We should not have to fight for this, but here we are coming to ask for your help.”


      Jessica Corbett, "As Trudeau Clings to Power, Progressives in Canada Celebrate Victory of Green New Deal Squad': Now, said Naomi Klein, his Liberal party will be pushed by a new squad of climate champions—on the inside and outside—demanding a #GreenNewDeal,'" Common Dreams, October 22, 2019, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/10/22/trudeau-clings-power-progressives-canada-celebrate-victory-green-new-deal-squad, reported, " Taking stock of the results from Monday's national elections in Canada, in which Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau clung to power but lost a majority in Parliament, climate campaigners are treating the victories of eight progressive candidates who ran on a bold Green New Deal for the country as a crucial opportunity.
     Canadian author and activist Naomi Klein tweeted that 'Liberals lost their majority and will be pushed by a new squad of climate champions—on the inside and outside—demanding a #GreenNewDeal.'
     In May , a coalition of Canadian youth, artists, workers, Indigenous peoples, scientists, and faith leaders—including more than 60 organizations, unions, and associations— launched a Pact for a Green New Deal.That followed the launch of Our Time, a non-partisan campaign backed by international environmental group 350.org and local hubs across the country that urged voters to support candidates who endorsed a Green New Deal. Eight Our Time candidates were elected Monday, according to the campaign."
     "Following their victories Monday night, Our Time circulated a petition to call on MPs from across the political spectrum to come together to form a government that will tackle the climate crisis and growing inequality, that will respect Indigenous rights, and create millions of good jobs.'"


     "World Indigenous Peoples Present Climate Action Commitments at UNSG Climate Action Summit," Cultural Survival, September 24, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/world-indigenous-peoples-present-climate-action-commitments-unsg-climate-action-summit, reported,
     Statement from Indigenous Peoples on Climate Summit
      The International Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC) met in New York City at the United Nations before the UNSG Climate Action Summit to finalize the Indigenous Peoples commitments on climate action.
     Mr. Tuntiak Katan from the Shuar people of Ecuador will present a brief statement today inside the UNSG Climate Action Summit on behalf of the Indigenous Peoples outlining our three commitments to 1) Lead the implementation of holistic plans to protect biocultural diversity, ensuring the inclusion of our most marginalized; 2) Develop actions to secure indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources, self-determination and free, prior and informed consent (FPIC); 3) Access the development of renewable energies in accordance with our self-determination and FPIC.
     The commitments put forward by Indigenous Peoples were developed in response to the call for proposals for climate action from the UN Secretary General. Indigenous Peoples have been raising concerns regarding the environment, climate and our unique rights for decades, to no avail. Kuupik Kleist from Greenland states, Inuit have been bringing forth warnings about global warming to the international community since the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.'
     The proposed actions reflect the reciprocal relationship we have with our lands, territories, and resources and our responsibility to protect them for generations to come. “I want to be a good ancestor. Indigenous Peoples commitments to climate action ensure that we are thinking of the seven generations to come,” stated Chief Howard Thompson, Haudenosaunee.
      The continued degradation of Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories, resources, and biocultural diversity causes and compounds the impacts of climate change and reduces our adaptive capacity. Pacific Nations are facing an immediate crisis. We don't have the luxury of adaptation and mitigation. We need to see a dramatic reduction in emissions now - we can't afford to wait around, explained Mike Smith, Aotearoa.With the arrival of delegations to the General Debate of the 74 th session of the General Assembly, the IIPFCC demands that States and other relevant actors uphold their commitments to the rights of Indigenous Peoples and commit to all actions possible to maintain global warming under 1.5 degrees to protect the social, environmental, economic, and cultural lifeways of Indigenous Peoples. Kittisak Rattanakrajangsr i , Chair of the Asian Indigenous Peoples Pact, echoed this call: “A sian Indigenous Peoples call upon all the states to enhance their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by putting collective land tenure rights and cultural values of Indigenous Peoples in the center of all climate actions. We will continue to sustainably manage, use and protect our land, territories and resources using our knowledge systems, for our survival, and for our future generations.
     The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Land underlines the crucial role of Indigenous Peoples and their knowledge systems contribute to the implementation of the Paris Agreement objectives. If efforts continue to support our rights to lands, territories, and resources, we can increase the amount of carbon captured from 100tC/ha to 625tC/ha, scale-up agroecosystems for sustainable food production, and restore harmony with nature and all life forms. Clearly, Indigenous Peoples are uniquely positioned to lead transformative change in the face of a climate emergency.
     Quotes
     'Inuit have been bringing forth warnings about global warming to the international community since the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. [T]his year Alaska experienced the hottest July on record; Greenland faced unprecedented ice melt, and wildfires in the Canadian Arctic broke records in numbers and emissions. We have also stood in solidarity with the Indigenous peoples of the Amazon in the face of the tragic wildfires and the irreparable implications for the whole planet, including Inuit Nunaat, our lives, and our livelihoods. - Kuupik Kleist, Greenland
     'I want to be a good ancestor. Indigenous Peoples commitments to climate action ensure that we are thinking of the seven generations to come. - Chief Howard Thompson, Haudenosaunee
     'Pacific Nations are facing an immediate crisis. We don't have the luxury of adaptation and mitigation. We need to see a dramatic reduction in emissions now - we can't afford to wait around.” Mike Smith, Iwi Chairs Forum, Aotearoa
     'Asian Indigenous Peoples call upon all the states to enhance their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by putting collective land tenure rights and cultural values of Indigenous Peoples in the center of all climate actions. We will continue to sustainably manage, use and protect our land, territories and resources using our knowledge systems, for our survival, and for our future generations. - Kittisak Rattanakrajangsri , Chair of the Asian Indigenous Peoples Pact
     'Our rivers and Lakes are drying, our forest burning, our grasses flooding and our children present is under threat with an uncertain future. African indigenous peoples are now more vulnerable than ever because of the changing climate directly impacting our livelihood and survival. We have our grand mother and father with incredible traditional knowledge that can help to the climate adaptation and mitigation but this needs to be ensured by respecting our rights and FPIC - Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim
     'Our territory is part of our body and our spirit, we see it and live it as a space that we all must keep, protect and that we all know is a non-negotiable space. I come from a community in the Amazon rainforest, that forest that has been preserved by the indigenous peoples, thorough our traditional knowledge, that space that has the capacity to preserve and give continuity to the life of our peoples and of humanity in general. The survival of the Amazon forest is our survival, and it is in the hands of the indigenous youth, because we are defenders of the environment, of the climate, defenders of life. States must understand that we are the guardians of these territories, of our mother earth, just as the Amazon forest and other ecosystems in which we live are the hope of the planet. We indigenous women and youth are on the front line defending the rights of indigenous peoples, and now we are facing climate change in our territories and we can provide solutions to this global concern and bring it to all the political advocacy spaces. - Rayanna Maximo Franca, Indigenous youth of the Baré people and Indigenous Youth Network of Brazil
     'The Ts’msyen Nation in Northern British Columbia is currently experiencing the effects of climate change and industrial development within our region. Rain patterns are shifting, drought is occurring, ocean temperatures are rising, and industry threatens our way of life and the coastal ecosystem every single day. Support is required from all sectors and government to safeguard our way of life and to help Indigenous peoples and communities mobilize to advance the clean energy, net zero carbon, sustainable future that is desperately needed to keep global temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius. - Braden Etzerza, Metlakatla First Nation
     'With the climate crisis happening across our world, there is high concern and anxiety for our children. Alaska is thawing at twice the rate as the rest of the planet. We have dead birds falling out of the sky, thousands of dead fish in our waters, record breaking fires, and over 33 coastal communities are experiencing erosion; and yet, the United States government is continuing to disrespect the human rights of the Gwich’in Nation and push for oil and gas development in our sacred homelands. We must act now. No more discussions! No more meetings! We need action and we need to develop a strategy RIGHT NOW! We indigenous and non-indigenous people must find ways to coordinate and work together for Mother Earth and for our children. As parents, as aunties, grandparents, and leaders we must step up and not leave it to our children to fix a problem that they did not create. We must be there to support, encourage, and stand with them. - Bernadette Demientieff, Executive Director of the Gwich’in Steering Committee
     Associated Links
     The statement as read by Tuntiak: Bilingual: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1k3gXYkhg87iRtIYnMqbtx-DNa_3bH1LLMIbDlZh_rzo/edit
     The full statement as submitted: English: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1bxD_Ge8nxDsLrwpUd5KZ-_ul_swOFn5q/view and Spanish: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JSqlfFB072CTJNSHE37CX-jklZtQTIZF/view
     For information contact:
     Eriel Deranger, +1 780-777-5104, eriel@indigenousclimateaction.com
     Janene Yazzie, +1 917-636-2392, janeney@treatycouncil.org"


     Environmental Network and Climate Justice Alliance announced, November 18, 2019, "Dear relatives, I am excited to share this news with you. Today the Indigenous Environmental Network and Climate Justice Alliance are launching our Carbon Pricing Toolkit Volume Two . The launch comes just ahead of our delegation attending the UNFCCC COP 25 in Madrid, Spain. The educational guide and toolkit is designed to explain the flaws in Article 6 of the Paris Agreement ahead of its approval at UNFCCC COP 25 next month.
      << Click here to down our Carbon Pricing Toolkit Vol. 2 >> (http://co2colonialism.org).
     Indigenous peoples across Mother Earth are rising up against extractive industries that are creating climate chaos in our homelands. We will not sit quietly while we watch our ecosystems destroyed. Article 6 is the status quo and we demand a just transition that keeps dirty energy sources in the ground.  
      Carbon Pricing: Popular Education Toolkit for Community Resistance, Volume 2is for every group and community organizing for climate justice, resisting the false solutions of carbon pricing. This project began side-by-side with the publication, Carbon Pricing: A Critical Perspective for Community Resistance, Volume 1, which was published in 2017 by IEN and CJA. The toolkit includes short readings, workshop activities, workshop plans, and responses from Indigenous leaders directly impacted by carbon pricing projects.  
      The accessible toolkit provides a devastating critique of both the theory and practice of carbon pricing, which lies at the heart of global climate policy. The objective of the training initiative is to continually educate ourselves on climate justice and climate policy. Because the majority of climate policies continue to include false solutions, the key purpose of this toolkit is to analyze and interrogate market-based carbon pricing initiatives in all of their forms in order to organize for a just transition.
     This toolkit was written by IEN's Climate Change and Forest Policy Advisor Tamra Gilbertson because after decades of carbon trading failure, dispossession and human rights abuses, the continuation of market-based neoliberal policies for climate change must end now.  
     Sharing stories through this popular education initiative is a powerful way to build international solidarity towards climate justice and action.
     The toolkit can be viewed and downloaded at CO2colonialism.org.
     Want to spread the word on social media? Grab some graphics and messaging from our Carbon Pricing Toolkit Vol. 2 Social Media Guide.
     Thank you, Tom BK. Goldtooth."


     "NCAI Announces Appointment of Four Tribal Leaders to Serve as Co-Chairs of Climate Action Task Force," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), June 20, 2019, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2019/06/20/ncai-announces-appointment-of-four-tribal-leaders-to-serve-as-co-chairs-of-climate-action-task-force, announced, "Today, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) announced the appointment of four tribal leaders to serve as the inaugural Co-Chairs of NCAI’s new Climate Action Task Force. NCAI President Jefferson Keel announced the establishment of the Task Force at NCAI’s Executive Council Winter Session in February. The four Co-Chairs are:
     Melanie Bahnke, President, Kawerak, Inc. Brian Cladoosby, Chairman, Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Beverly Cook, Tribal Chief, St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Stephen Roe Lewis, Governor, Gila River Indian Community.
      'These leaders oversee cutting-edge initiatives that work to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change on Native communities, said Keel. They bring a wealth of knowledge to the Task Force, and will serve as able stewards as the Task Force commences its critical work on this grave challenge to our peoples, places, cultures, and economies.'
     The working mission of the Task Force is to “document, inform, and support the climate action efforts of tribal nations and Native organizations, and identify and advocate for policies and funding designed to empower their ability to engage in effective, sustainable climate action.'
     The inaugural meeting of the Task Force will take place on Monday, June 24, 2019 at NCAI’s Mid Year Conference in Reno, Nevada."


      Emily Holden, "Harvard and Yale students disrupt football game for fossil fuel protest/: Students began campaigning in 2012 for both universities to stop investing in oil and gas companies that contribute to climate crisis," The Guardian, November 23, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/nov/23/harvard-yale-football-game-protest-fossil-fuels, reported, " Students and alumni from Harvard and Yale disrupted the annual football game between the two elite universities on Saturday, occupying the field in New Haven, Connecticut, at half-time and demanding the colleges divest from investment in fossil fuels .
     More than 200 protesters stalled the high-profile game for around an hour, many chanting: “Hey Hey! Ho Ho! Fossil fuels have got to go!” The protest was briefly booed by some in a crowd of 44,989 and discussed widely on social media."


     Food & Water Action, September 10, 2019, https://www.foodandwateraction.org/climate/a-bold-new-strategic-vision-for-food-water-action/?j=306164&sfmc_sub=6057815&l=35&mid=100001791, stated in an E-mail, "Together we’ve accomplished so much — we’ve banned fracking, protected water for people over corporate profits, fought for safe food for everyone and demanded clean energy to ensure a livable climate.
     But I’m writing because
     
. And the only way we’ll tackle these challenges is with a bold, strategic plan. And the only way we’ll win is with you.
     So, I want to share with you our new vision for Food & Water Action.
     This plan recognizes our urgent reality: We are running out of time to make the big changes we know are necessary for the survival of our planet. And while we’ve always been ready to fight for our future, this plan gives us a clearer focus on the priorities, goals and timelines that we need to win.
     We will keep working persistently and strategically, as we have the past 14 years, but we’re spotlighting three core campaigns that speak directly to the things we’re fighting for:
      Stop Catastrophic Climate Change by working at the federal, state and local levels to eliminate the production and use of fossil fuels. We are the national leader in the fight to ban fracking and stop fossil fuel pipelines, power plants and so much more; this effort builds on dozens of wins over the last 14 years. We are doubling down on our success to win bigger victories to end climate chaos.
      Fight for Clean & Affordable Public Water for All by passing legislation to ensure the funding our water infrastructure needs and putting a stop to toxic chemicals and fracking waste that pollute our waterways.
      Ban Factory Farms to help create a just and equitable food system that protects our air, water, communities, family farmers and climate.
     Our primary focus will be on these three areas, but we won’t stop fighting on other critical issues, including: plastic contamination in our food, water and environment; water privatization; strengthening organic food standards and food safety laws; promoting a just society; and more.
     The challenges we are taking on today are the biggest issues humanity has ever faced. Our approach to these issues is bold, uncompromising and hard-hitting — and it works. Every part of our identity, from our core campaigns to our tagline — Fight Like You Live Here — captures and shares that strength, conviction and hope."


     "New Mexico: Shut Down This Oil and Gas Lease Sale," Center for Biological Diversity, December 13, 2019, https://act.biologicaldiversity.org/onlineactions/E9avEbQXBEiPk5RHMVvzHw2, stated, " The Trump administration is planning another dangerous oil and gas lease sale for New Mexico in February. Thousands of people plan to file protests opposing the plan.
     Will you add your voice?
     If we don't speak up, the Bureau of Land Management will lease thousands of acres of public and ancestral tribal lands in New Mexico — including 1,300 more acres in the Greater Chaco region and nearly 14,000 acres in Greater Carlsbad.
      In Greater Chaco the BLM foresees thousands more oil and gas wells in an area already besieged by 40,000. Any more will devastate the area's air, water and wildlife. And in Greater Carlsbad oil and gas companies operating in the Permian Basin are completing wells at an astounding rate, contaminating the air and fueling climate disruption."


      The Navajo Nation Resource and Development Committee was asking the U.S. Congress, in December 2019, to reduce the 10 mile no drilling zone around Chaco Canyon National Monument in New Mexico from 10 miles to 5, arguing that the larger zone may cause Dine with land within the 10 mile zone to lose income, particularly from oil and gas royalties (Arlyssa Becenti, "RDC wants Chaco buffer zone reduced, " Navajo Times, December 5, 2019).


      Andrea Germanos, "Law Enforcement Crushing Pipeline Dissent in Minnesota at Water Protectors Blockade of Enbridge Terminal: Police were about to saw off the leg of a tripod from which a protester was hanging, activists said," Common Dreams , November 25, 2019, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/11/25/law-enforcement-crushing-pipeline-dissent-minnesota-water-protectors-blockade, reported, " Police in Clearbrook, Minnesota were accused of putting the profits of oil companies before human life after activists said law enforcement on Monday began sawing the leg of a tripod from which a tar sands protester was suspended.
     An estimated 30 protesters blockaded the entrance to Enbrige's Clearbrook Terminal in a display of ongoing opposition to the oil company's proposed Line 3 project, which would bring tar sands from Alberta to a Wisconsin shipping hub, passing through Minnesota
.
     Several activists held a large banner across the road to the entrance reading 'Stop Line 3. Protect the Sacred. They stood in front of 21-year-old Sara-Beth Anderson, who was suspended from the tripod.
     The ResistLine3 Twitter account shared photos and details about the action on social media, including that police began to saw one of the tripod legs, prompting Anderson to come down on her own to avoid bodily harm.
     After Anderson descended, she was taken into police custody.
     In a press statement ahead of the action, Anderson said she was undertaking this risk for the unborn, for the Indigenous peoples fighting to protect their territories all over the planet, for the oceans.'
     The Line 3 project has been the target of sustained criticism and protests over its threats to human rights and the environment, including jeopardizing water resources.
      Critics say the pipeline project would violate tribal nations sovereignty and expands fossil fuel infrastructure when the climate crisis shows the need to stop investing in dirty fuels.
     StopLine3 noted an additional concern in a tweet on Monday. " With projects like Line 3 come man camps that increase violence against Indigenous women. 1 in 3 native women will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime. This ongoing colonialism must end. We must #StopLine3.'
     The power of protest hasn't gone without the notice of law enforcement. According to records obtained earlier this year by The Intercept, Minnesota police looked to the example North Dakota law enforcement set in their harsh crackdown of Standing Rock protesters to gear up for their own potential crackdown of Line 3 protesters.
     'The destruction of the sacred is happening because of these terrible decisions to keep extracting, to keep harming the Earth despite what climate science has told the world's leaders," Anderson said in her statement.
     'Anyone can take a stand against the greatest threat facing our shared world, she added, get involved, get involved now.'
     Our work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License."


     
"Despite Government Approval the TMX Pipeline Will Never Be Built," Tiny House Worriers, Press Release, June 20, 2019, stated, "(Blue River, So-called British Columbia, June 18, 2019) The Tiny House Warriors responded to Cabinet approval of the Transmountain Pipeline by insisting that it will never be built on Secwempemc land, which includes 50% of the proposed pipeline route.
     The Tiny House Warriors are a group of Secwepemc land and water defenders who for the past year, have been gathered in a new village of tiny houses on Secwepemc territory near Blue Ri- ver. The village site is along the proposed pipeline route and just across from a planned thousand man camp for pipeline construction workers and the Ting House Warriors are insisting they will not allow either the man-camp or the pipeline to be built on their territory.
      'The Trudeau government does not have the right to put a pipeline through unceded Secwepemc land, says Kanahus Manuel, a spokesperson for the Tiny House Warriors. To try to legitimize this illegal act, Canada uses what legal scholars call its cunning misinterpretation of consent which is inconsistent with Indigenous, constitutional and international law.'
     'The fact that they have a few sellout Indian Act chiefs supporting their pipeline in no way legitimizes it. The salaries of these sellouts are directly paid by the Department of Indian Affairs and they have no right to speak for the people who are the rightful titleholders of the land.'
     'The same goes for the idea of selling this worthless pipeline to Indigenous people and using Indian Trust monies to back this up. This is merely trying to put a brown face on the rape of our land. We will not allow that to happen.'
     And while the United Nations is today looking into the genocidal murders of Indigenous women and girls uncovered by the MMIWG Report, we will not allow Trans Mountain pipeline to insert a man camp of a thousand white men into our territory to continue and even accelerate the genocidal rape and murders of our women and girls.”
     'Today, we are calling on all of our Indigenous and non-Indigenous allies to join us in this battle to ensure the man-camps are not built and the Trans Mountain pipeline will not pass.'
     Contact: Kanahus Manuel (250)852-3924, kanahusmanuel@gmail.com."


     The website, Elect Democratic Women, stated in an E-mail, August 28, 2019, https://go.electdemocraticwomen.org/page/s/protect-indigenous-lands?source=MS_EM_PET_2019.08.28_B1_Protect-Indigenous-Lands_X__F1_S1_C1__all, " Did you know that indigenous people own more than 50% of the world’s land???
     
      These lands include critically important and fragile ecosystems like the Amazon rainforest -- which survive in large part because indigenous people have protected them for CENTURIES.
     
BUT ... -- governments only recognize indigenous people’s rights to JUST 10% of these lands!!!
     Without protection, these lands will be subject to MASSIVE deforestation and destruction and our entire planet will SUFFER. We MUST tell governments to recognize indigenous people’s rights to their land!!  
      The Amazon rainforest produces 20% of the worlds oxygen and indigenous people have traditionally held sovereignty of over 375,000 acres of this precious rainforest.
     But their right to this land is under CONSTANT attack… and right now the Amazon rainforest is ablaze with the largest and most deadly fire in YEARS.
     Indigenous people’s rights to their land are being RIPPED away around the world… even here in the U.S. oil, gas, and mining companies have threatened to destroy indigenous lands!!
     ..., if we want to get serious about stopping climate change, we MUST protect indigenous people’s lands. PERIOD."


     "Inexorable Solidarity with the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil," Indigenous Environmental Network, E-mail, August 28, 2019, stated, " As the fires rage on in Brazil, the Climate Justice Alliance (CJA) stands in solidarity with the Indigenous peoples of the Amazon as they fight back against the war being waged on them by Brazilian President Bolsonaro. His racist and unapologetically illogical positions are a dangerous mix for all peoples of the world and Mother Earth. Now is the time to respect and honor our planet and the Indigenous peoples of her land, rather than destroy them.
      We stand together with our brothers and sisters who continue to fight to protect their land, their traditional knowledge and practices, and struggle for a better world. Returning to local and place based solutions, like agroecological farming, to combat the climate emergency is the only pathway forward. Opening up the Amazon to capitalists and developers for increased plunder, as Bolsonaro desires, will only cause more fires, more mayhem and push us to the brink of climate catastrophe.
     The fact that, just yesterday, President Bolsonaro announced that accepting global assistance to fight the fires would require an apology to stroke his ego, is further proof that he’s putting profits above people and above the planet. It’s a pernicious irony that at a time when Bolsonaro has signaled that the Amazon is “open for business,” that he accused nations who have signaled their willingness to assist with the fires as having a “colonist mindset.”   
     That’s why CJA stands behind the Indigenous peoples of Brazil who are valiantly fighting back against racist attacks while trying to protect their land and peoples from false climate “solutions”, including market-based schemes such as carbon offsets and REDD and REDD +. These do nothing more than commodify forests and enable big industry to keep on polluting through a colonization process that encroaches on sovereign Indigenous territory.   
     We must stop placing the burden of global white supremacy, disaster capitalism and environmental injustice disproportionately on poor communities and nations. CJA demands that our lawmakers take responsibility through just policies, just recovery and Just Transition in lieu of bigoted greed and violence.  
     CJA will continue to stand in solidarity with Indigenous peoples as expressed in our recently passed resolution (https://docs.google.com/document/d/17gpyLTxmSVjFY_8O3pP3-IgpVAiLRQMR2a_pqS5PU9I/edit, also below in Dialoguing) during CJA’s National Member Convening held in Albuquerque, NM in March 2019. For more information read the recent joint statement by CJA member, Indigenous Environmental Network, and the Rainforest Action Network.
     To directly support leaders of the Amazon fighting these attacks, we suggest you support Chief Ninawa, President of the Huni Kui Federation of the Brazilian Amazon in the State of Acre. He is a long time leader in protecting the forests and land of Brazil, and all of Mother Earth. More information is available at: https://www.gofundme.com/f/medical-bill-support-for-chief-ninawa039s-family?pc=pd_personal_url&rcid=r01-156692957775-912aa22f1fc74201."


     " Indigenous Environmental Network Responds to Governor Inslee’s Freedom from Fossil Fuels Plan," Indigenous Environmental Network, June 24, 2019, https://www.mynewsletterbuilder.com/email/newsletter/1414043016, stated, " Presidential candidate Governor Jay Inslee released a bold plan to prevent climate chaos today, titled Freedom from Fossil Fuels . The plan lays the groundwork for America to transition from its dependency on fossil fuels and advocates for a just transom towards a sustainable, renewable economy. America is the largest producer of oil and gas and has a moral responsibility to make the necessary changes to protect all our relatives across the world from the climate crisis that is dictating weather and migration patterns.
     With further bold action, Governor Inslee’s plan lays out proposals for tribal nation inclusion, by directing federal agencies to fully empower tribal nations, through free, prior and informed consent, and the enforcement of treaty rights, to reject major infrastructure proposals that would adversely impact their people, land, water, or cultural resources. And requiring all federal environmental review and permitting processes to involve thorough consultation with and input from local communities.'”


     U.S. Youth Climate Strike stated in an E-mail, June26, 2019. " Tonight and tomorrow night, the first Democratic Presidential Primary Debate will be held in Miami, FL.
     
     Not coincidentally , a massive forest fire is currently raging in the nearby Everglades National Park. The forest fire has already consumed 18,500 acres of wildlife, according to Brian Kahn of Earther, which is a not-so-subtle reminder of the severity of the climate crisis, and of the critical turning point that we are at in either avoiding or experiencing climate change's worst impacts.
     That is why we call upon you to continue to force the discussion around the climate crisis as you watch, listen, and discuss this first debate. You can do so by posting on social media about USYCS petition calling upon the DNC to host a #climatedebate, which can be found here, and calling out the DNC for their initial rejection of the proposition."


      Kendra Chamberlain, "Navajo government officials, environmental groups want review of BLM’s Chaco Canyon leases," New Mexico Political Report, July 16, 2016, http://nmpoliticalreport.com/2019/07/16/navajo-government-officials-environmental-groups-want-review-of-blms-chaco-canyon-leases/?mc_cid=9fc33cf88e&mc_eid=cde7993ced, reported, "Environmental groups and Navajo government officials are criticizing the U.S. Bureau of Land Management over the bureau’s handling of oil and gas leases approved in the Greater Chaco area. Navajo leaders and 16 tribal and environmental organizations addressed their concerns in a letter sent to BLM’s New Mexico state director Tim Spisak last week calling for more public hearings on the issue."
     The letter is available at: http://nmpoliticalreport.com/2019/07/16/navajo-government-officials-environmental-groups-want-review-of-blms-chaco-canyon-leases/?mc_cid=9fc33cf88e&mc_eid=cde7993ced. It reads in part,
     “ We urge you to reject the U.S. Bureau of Land Management’s Findings of No Significant Impact and Environmental Assessments... developed in response to the Tenth Circuit’s ruling in Diné Citizens Against Ruining Our Environment v. Bernhardt , 923 F.3d 831 (10th Cir. 2019) [ holding that BLM violated the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) when it approved environmental assessments for five sets of oil and gas wells that did not address the cumulative water impacts of nearly 4,000 horizontal Mancos Shale wells in the Greater Chaco region]. The undersigned also request that the BLM provide a 60-day public comment period and hold public hearings in conjunction with the proposals in question."
     "Here, BLM fails to account for the cumulative impacts of oil and gas development on our water and climate within New Mexico as well as regionally and nationally.
     Given this, the BLM’s administrative actions are similarly legally invalid.
      With regard to climate, it is indefensible for BLM to continue to claim that its fossil fuel program, which is responsible for more than ten percent of the nation’s total climate pollution, is insignificant.'
      In 2019, there is no denying that continued expansion of oil and gas production and infrastructure is simply incompatible with any reasonable climate mitigation strategy. As you know, a massive and growing body of science, including the Fourth National Climate Assessment and IPCC 2018 Special Report provides overwhelming evidence that climate hazards are more urgent and more severe than previously thought, and that aggressive reductions in emissions within the next decade are essential to avoiding the most devastating climate change harms. The IPCC report concludes that pathways to limit warming to 1.5°C with little or no overshoot require “a rapid phase out of CO2 emissions and deep emissions reductions in other GHGs and climate forcers.”
     Additionally, when analyzing oil and gas development proposals to assure compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act, the BLM has only narrowly assessed adverse impacts to historical sites in the Greater Chaco Landscape. The Greater Chaco region is more than a handful of iconic ruins. Rather, the region is an interconnected fabric of Ancestral Puebloan cultural influence and impact. As such, preservation of the historical values of this region requires a landscape-level approach to analysis and conservation. Unfortunately, the BLM is not assuring landscape-level cultural protections in the Greater Chaco region. Rather, the agency is addressing only direct impacts to isolated ruins and/or discrete archaeological sites that have been previously identified. Worse, in spite of a commitment to analyze more than 5,000 cultural sites in the region, the agency has yet to follow through with this analysis.
     Furthermore, the short 10-day public comment period provided for these environmental assessments once again signals to the public that the agency does not intend to provide adequate time for the public to meaningfully comment on its cumulative impacts analysis for these EAs. The BLM has provided a deadline for comments on these proposals by Wednesday, July 10, 2019. Given the immense environmental controversy surrounding the agency’s proposal, as well as substantial public interest, we request the agency do more than provide a 10-day comment period that ultimately only includes seven work days. We request the BLM bring a higher level of respect and consideration to its public process."
     "The letter included support from local organizations Southwest Native Cultures, the Counselor Chapter of the Navajo Nation, Tewa Women United, Native American Voters Alliance Education Project, Pueblo Action Alliance, Torreon Community Alliance, Multicultural Alliance for a Safe Environment, San Juan Citizens Alliance, WildEarth Guardians, Earth Holder Community, MoveOn New Mexico and New Energy Economy as well as five out-of-state organizations."
      Jessica Corbett, "'If a House Is on Fire, You Don't Add Fuel': 530 Groups Back Call to Rapidly Phase Out Fossil Fuels Worldwide: Widespread support for the Lofoten Declaration comes as world leaders meet in NYC for the U.N. Climate Action Summit," Common Dreams, September 23, 2019, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/09/23/if-house-fire-you-dont-add-fuel-530-groups-back-call-rapidly-phase-out-fossil-fuels, reported, "The environmental group Stand.earth announced on Monday that 530 organizations have signed on to the Lofoten Declaration , which calls for rapidly phasing out fossil fuels on a global scale and transitioning to clean energy, as world leaders and activists gathered in New York City for the United Nations
     'If a house is on fire, you don't add fuel. True leadership in response to the climate emergency means having the courage to commit to ending the expansion of oil and gas production and make a plan to transition communities and workers to better opportunities, said Catherine Abreu of Climate Action Network, one of the hundreds of groups from 76 countries backing the declaration.
      Drafted by academics, analysts, and activists at a conference in Norway's Lofoten Islands in 2017, the declaration says in part that global climate change is a crisis of unprecedented scale, and it will take unprecedented action to avoid the worst consequences of our dependence on oil, coal, and gas. Equally as critical as reducing demand and emissions is the need for immediate and ambitious action to stop exploration and expansion of fossil fuel projects and manage the decline of existing production in line with what is necessary to achieve the Paris climate goals.'
     'It is the urgent responsibility and moral obligation of wealthy fossil fuel producers to lead in putting an end to fossil fuel development and to manage the decline of existing production, continues the declaration, which highlights major scientific findings and expresses support for frontline communities already enduring consequences of the climate crisis. We call on these governments and companies to recognize that continued fossil fuel exploration and production without a managed decline and a just transition is irreconcilable with meaningful climate action.'
     In spite of increasingly urgent warnings from scientists about the impacts of fossil fuels as well as mounting calls from the public for world leaders to pursue bolder policies to drive down planet-warming emissions and combat the human-caused climate crisis—including the millions of people who took to the streets across the globe last week for a youth-led climate strike—the oil and gas industry continues to expand.
     Over the next five years, according to Stand.earth, the fossil fuel industry plans to spend $1.4 trillion to boost production around the world, which will result in an additional 92 gigatonnes of carbon pollution and further decrease the likelihood that the international community can meet the Paris agreement goal of limiting global temperature rise by 2100 to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
     'Everyone knows the world must dramatically reduce production and emissions of fossil fuels if we are going to have a safe climate. Yet everyone continues to argue that their oil and gas expansion fits within a global plan. The math doesn't work, Tzeporah Berman of Stand.earth said Monday. Expansion of oil and gas threatens us all and we need to stop pretending the solution is a technological fix and stop expansion by regulating production globally.'
     
     Alex Doukas of Oil Change International, which also supports the declaration, noted that 'with the transition to clean energy well underway, a growing number of investors see oil and gas projects as a bad investment.'
     The global movement that pressures institutions and governments to divest from the oil and gas industry recently celebrated a major milestone, revealing earlier this month that campaigners have secured divestment commitments from more than 1,110 institutions with over $11 trillion in assets. However, despite these strides in divestment, world governments keep pouring billions of dollars of subsidies into propping up the fossil fuel industry.
     'We're in the midst of a climate emergency, said Doukas, and [the] massive surge in climate activism makes it increasingly untenable for financiers to continue wasting money on an oil and gas industry that ultimately needs to disappear if we're serious about climate action.'
     Read the Lofoten Declaration: Climate Leadership Requires a Managed Decline of Fossil Fuel Production in full below:
     Global climate change is a crisis of unprecedented scale, and it will take unprecedented action to avoid the worst consequences of our dependence on oil, coal, and gas. Equally as critical as reducing demand and emissions is the need for immediate and ambitious action to stop exploration and expansion of fossil fuel projects and manage the decline of existing production in line with what is necessary to achieve the Paris climate goals.
     Clean, safe, and renewable fuels are already redefining how we see energy and it is time for nations to fully embrace 21st century energy and phase out fossil fuels.
     The Lofoten Declaration affirms that it is the urgent responsibility and moral obligation of wealthy fossil fuel producers to lead in putting an end to fossil fuel development and to manage the decline of existing production.
     We stand in solidarity with, and offer our full support for, the growing wave of impacted communities around the world who are taking action to defend and protect their lives and livelihoods in the face of fossil fuel extraction and climate change. It is a priority to elevate these efforts. Frontline communities are the leaders we must look to as we all work together for a safer future.
     A global transition to a low carbon future is already well underway. Continued expansion of oil, coal, and gas is only serving to hinder the inevitable transition while at the same time exacerbating conflicts, fuelling corruption, threatening biodiversity, clean water and air, and infringing on the rights of Indigenous Peoples and vulnerable communities.
     Energy access and demand are and must now be met fully through the clean energies of the 21st century. Assertions that new fossil fuels are needed for this transformation are not only inaccurate; they also undermine the speed and penetration of clean energy.We recognize that a full transition away from fossil fuels will take decades, but also, that this shift is an opportunity more than a burden. We are in a deep hole with climate. We must begin by not digging ourselves any deeper.
     Research shows that the carbon embedded in existing fossil fuel production will take us far beyond safe climate limits. Thus, not only are new exploration and new production incompatible with limiting global warming to well below 2ºC (and as close to 1.5ºC as possible), but many existing projects will need to be phased-out faster than their natural decline.
     This task should be first addressed by countries, regions, and corporate actors who are best positioned in terms of wealth and capacity to undergo an ambitious just transition away from fossil fuel production. In particular, leadership must come from countries that are high-income, have benefitted from fossil fuel extraction, and that are historically responsible for significant emissions.
     We call on these governments and companies to recognize that continued fossil fuel exploration and production without a managed decline and a just transition is irreconcilable with meaningful climate action. We also note that there are tremendous leadership opportunities for these countries to demonstrate that moving beyond oil, coal, and gas—both demand and production—is not only possible, but can be done while protecting workers, communities, and economies.
     Our work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License."


     "NCAI Condemns U.S. Withdrawal from Paris Climate Agreement, Continues to Support Accord," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), November 5, 2019, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2019/11/05/ncai-condemns-u-s-withdrawal-from-paris-climate-agreement-continues-to-support-accord, stated. " The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) condemns the United States’ actions in formally withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement as reported earlier this week. NCAI stands with tribal nations’ continued support for the Paris Accord.
     'By withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement, the Administration is violating its trust responsibilities and countless treaties and agreements with America's tribal nations to ensure the sustainability of the ecosystems we all rely upon to survive, said NCAI President Fawn Sharp.
     In 2017, tribal leaders from across the United States unanimously passed an NCAI resolution ( MOH-17-053) to formally support the Paris Climate Agreement. While the Agreement includes nearly 200 countries who had signed on in 2015, the United States is the only country to announce its withdrawal.
     'Faced with this existential threat, America’s tribal nations will seize the mantle of leadership, re-double our efforts to fight climate change at home and abroad, and utilize all of our sovereign authorities, rights, and resources to fight this rush to extinction, Sharp said.
     President Sharp, who also serves as the President of the Quinault Indian Nation in Tahola, WA, is a tribal leader whose nation has been directly impacted by the adverse effects of climate change. Two of Quinault’s ancestral fishing villages, Taholah and Queets, are both facing imminent destruction by rising sea levels and forced relocation upland in the near future.
     Indigenous peoples in the United States and around the world depend on the health of their ecosystems and natural resources for social, economic, and cultural vitality. The effects of climate change often disproportionately and most severely impact tribal nations, from causing relocation, the loss of hunting and fishing ecosystems, and changing weather patterns adversely affecting traditional plants and medicines.
     NCAI will continue to stand firmly in advancing indigenous peoples’ interests in implementing the Paris Agreement and reinforcing its commitment to action on climate change."


      " Washington deals setback to Kalama methanol refinery! " Washington Environmental Council, November 30, 2019, https://waenvironment.cmail20.com/t/ViewEmail/i/C79C99C3A371DDE02540EF23F30FEDED/4FDCB9C5661E177F6CBD507C784BD83B, stated, " The Washington Department of Ecology made a major decision regarding the world’s largest fracked gas-to-methanol refinery proposed in Kalama, WA. Ecology rightfully determined that the project backers failed to provide complete, adequate information to state regulators about the project’s climate impacts. Now, Ecology will conduct a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to understand the full impacts of this project. This is a big decision! Ecology’s action marks a setback for the world’s largest proposed fracked gas-to-methanol refinery, and more importantly, shows that your voice matters. Your advocacy is making a difference in protecting our climate from a project that would quickly become one of Washington’s biggest greenhouse gas polluters. Our work is not done. Join us in protecting the Kalama community and our climate by signing this petition and supporting Ecology’s effort to hold the project backers accountable. "


      Lisa Friedman, "Trump, Facing Farmers’ Discontent, Plans Help for Ethanol," The New York Times, October 7, 2019, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/04/climate/trump-ethanol-farmers.html?te=1&nl=climate-fwd:&emc=edit_clim_20191009?campaign_id=54&instance_id=12959&segment_id=17722&user_id=2984790c14170290245238c0cd4fd927&regi_id=52235981, reported, " The Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Agriculture jointly proposed new rules on Friday that would increase ethanol consumption at the expense of oil refineries to help corn and soybean farmers buffeted by President Trump’s trade wars.
     The plan would overhaul the system of quotas for ethanol, a fuel that is made from corn and other crops, as they blend their fuels. Its overall goal is to increase the sale of the biofuel beyond the current mandate of 15 billion gallons annually.
     It also will ensure that a gasoline blend made of 15 percent ethanol will be available at the pumps already in place at most gas stations, rather than requiring the installation of new pumps."
      Environmentally, the increase in these biofuels will lead to a moderate increase in CO2 emissions, and of some other pollutants, with some small reduction of others.


     Mary Lunetta, "Don’t Be Fooled: Annual Fees on Electric Vehicle Drivers Are Not Fair,'” Sierra Club, April 2, 2018, updated April 2019, https://www.sierraclub.org/compass/2018/04/don-t-be-fooled-annual-fees-electric-vehicle-drivers-are-not-fair, stated,
      Editor's Note: Unfortunately, 2019 is turning out to be a big year for EV fee policies proposed and passed. Several additional states are now considering implementing fees, and some states with existing fees are considering increases. As of March 2019, 22 states have implemented EV fees, and more are expected to follow suit in the coming months. The map above reflects
     In 2015, only a handful of states had fees on electric vehicles (EVs). Today, there are 22 states with newly adopted annual registration fees and nine additional states are considering them -- but don’t be fooled: These fees are unfairly punitive for drivers, while barely making a dent in state coffers.
     To cover up their own failure to act, some states are trying to create punitive fees for families that drive electric vehicles. This isn’t a solution. It’s punishing people and families who are seeking to reduce their carbon footprint and drive some of the most efficient and fun cars out there. States must act to care for our roads, highways, bridges, and their maintenance, but not on the backs of families who choose to drive electric vehicles. Is It Fair?Right now, states are trying to impose fees that would charge drivers anywhere from $50 for plug-in hybrids to $200 for fully electric cars. This would be, on average, charging these families $23 more than everyone else. Turns out, EV fees aren’t so fair.
      Recent analysis by Drive Electric Minnesota looked at the combination of taxes paid by all vehicles and found that EV owners usually pay just as much or more in state vehicle taxes as their fossil fuel counterparts.
      Vehicle ownership and operation contribute to multiple state-revenue streams, not just the gas tax. EVs currently contribute more in excise tax and state sales tax than gas-fueled vehicles, as those taxes are based on a car's retail value, which is generally higher for EVs than other cars. For example, the fully electric Nissan Leaf S sells for $30,680, and a basic Tesla S goes for $68,000.
      Beyond traditional transportation taxes and fees, EV drivers also contribute to electricity sales taxes. Our friends at Acadia Center recently released a policy paper that digs into that and related topics.
     Additionally, drivers of gas-fueled cars are not charged a fee on the public costs of the pollution they create, including to our climate and our public health. It is rather disingenuous to claim seeking “fairness” for the costs of road usage but then not to seek fairness for the costs of unhealthy air that harms everyone.The gag is up. So much for creating a “fair” system. Ev Fees Fail to Close Budget Gaps
     Perhaps most important is that these proposed taxes won’t even make a dent in the budgets that these legislators are claiming they would fix. Maine has an annual $159 million funding gap for roads and bridges, and the proposed fees (the highest in the country) would raise only $2.9 million in 2020 -- recovering only a tiny percentage of its budget deficit. Utah has fewer than 5,000 registered EVs. If its proposed budget passes, it would bring in an additional $400,000 in revenue -- only .02 percent of a $2 billion dollar budget shortfall.
     Even in California, the new EV fee is expected to generate only about $200 million over the next decade.
     In 2017, the Oklahoma Supreme Court struck down its state’s EV fee, ruling the tax unconstitutional and unjustified. Had H.B. 1449 passed, the fee would have only brought in a million dollars annually to fill a $900 million deficit -- helping offset a mere 1 percent of the deficit. Despite last years’ defeat, Oklahoma lawmakers are giving the proposed fee another go in the 2018 legislative session.Many Of These Ev Fee Policies Are Crafted By Big Oil
     It’s no coincidence that this attack comes at a time when EVs are just starting to take off within the larger auto industry. Reportedly, Koch Industries has spent nearly $10 million dollars annually on a campaign to boost petroleum-based transportation fuels and attack government support for electric vehicles because of the risk EVs pose for the fossil fuel industry. The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a right-wing state-legislation machine funded by the Koch brothers and several other multinational corporations, introduced a resolution to discourage states from providing subsidies for EVs at its States and Nation Policy Summit.
     When oil tycoons consider a rise in EV drivers to be a threat to their wallets, you know EVs are taking off.
      The truth is that the EV fees popping up around the nation are neither fair nor effective at closing budget deficits. They are, however, likely to affect EV adoption and slow their benefits from being enjoyed by all when the need to incentivize and accelerate the switch to cleaner cars is strongest .
     These fees function as a “gas ceiling,” a systemic barrier faced by people who can’t or don’t want to afford punitive fees. People with lower income are disproportionately impacted by air pollution, which includes women, people of color, and the physically disabled. All people deserve to get from point A to point B without suffering from harmful exposure to dirty air -- not just the people who can afford the extra costs of emission-free driving.
      Prior to its zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) fee, Georgia was one of the nation’s most thriving ZEV markets. When the state legislature repealed its $5,000 tax credit in 2015 and imposed a $200 annual registration fee (the largest fee levied on ZEVs to date in the U.S.), sales of ZEVs tumbled by almost 90 percent.
      Growth of the EV market is critical for states to meet their responsibilities to provide their residents with healthy air to breathe and a healthy planet to inhabit. At a time when every federal and many state environmental protection policies are under attack -- from emissions standards being rolled back to ending funding for research on toxic chemicals that harm children's health -- we must resist any effort that works as a barrier to expanding zero-emission transportation and instead advocate for fair, effective policies that expand access to cleaner cars and cleaner air. People must be incentivized, not penalized, for switching to cleaner vehicles.
     And we know these incentives work. Recently, New York Governor Cuomo announced that EV sales rose more than 60 percent in New York in 2017 over 2016 after a consumer EV rebate of up to $2,000 per driver was launched in early 2017.
     If state legislators don’t want to prioritize fair fiscal laws, clean air, or closing budget shortfalls in meaningful ways, then they are forcing our hand. We are left with no choice other than to ban the sale of all gas-powered cars. Just joking! (... or are we?)"


     Friends of the Earth stated August 9, 2019, " Help protect endangered wildlife: Tell FERC to put the breaks on the Alaska LNG pipeline!
     From the Williams pipeline in New York to the Jordan Cove pipeline in Oregon, fracking is threatening our communities.
     Now Trump is considering a new pipeline in Alaska -- the Alaska LNG pipeline. It would transport up to 20 million tons of fracked liquid natural gas through the heart of caribou habitats each year. It would also threaten endangered polar bears, endangered beluga whales, and their habitats. We can’t let this happen.
     The good news: It’s not too late to stop this project. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is accepting public comments on the draft environmental impact statement. So it’s up to engaged environmentalists like you, Stephen, to demand FERC reject this disastrous proposal. Can we count on your support?
      Fracked gas is far too dangerous to be transported through our wild places. Just this April, a gas leak in North Carolina forced officials to evacuate a nearby building. And while they were evacuating, there was a massive explosion. One person died and more than a dozen others were injured.
      FERC’s own environmental impact study shows that this pipeline would devastate surrounding wetlands. It would result in permanent loss of forests and permanently devastate caribou wildlands. This is an unacceptable risk for our environment.
      On top of the safety risks, if we want to avert the worst impacts of climate chaos, we can’t keep fracking. Instead, we need to rapidly transition away from all fossil fuels. FERC should not be accepting any projects with such destructive impacts on our environment. But the agency will only change course if they feel pressure from people like you!
      All across the country, people are standing up to the fossil fuel industry’s destruction. States from Maryland to Florida have banned or are considering banning fracking altogether due to the environmental harm it causes. There has never been a better moment to stand up to the fossil fuel industry. But it’s an uphill battle. That battle starts with the Alaska LNG pipeline.
     That’s why we need a strong grassroots movement to end fossil fuels. With the help of Friends of the Earth members like you, Stephen, we can pressure FERC to reject this disastrous pipeline proposal. But we must act fast!"


     "Stop the Proposed Fracked Gas Mountain Valley Pipeline and Southgate Extension," The Sierra Club, August 28, 2018, https://act.sierraclub.org/actions/National, stated,
      The Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP) is a threat to the environment and the communities in its path from West Virginia into Virginia. Now, the company behind this proposed 300+ mile pipeline are scheming to get approval for the "Southgate Extension" that would add an additional 70 miles of pipeline from southern Virginia into central North Carolina.
     Right now there is an opportunity for you and other members of the public to comment on a draft environmental impact statement created by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for the MVP’s Southgate Extension. They are ignoring the serious risks this pipeline poses to drinking water quality and does not properly assess the effect of greenhouse gas emissions on the environment. This is not a risk that affected communities and landowners should be forced to bear for the profit of corporate polluters."
     
The linking E-mail stated, "Construction of the fracked gas Mountain Valley Pipeline has already proven to be a disaster, with over 300 violations of commonsense water protections before it’s even finished. Despite this horrible track record, they want to make it longer, but you can help stop them.  
     Don’t let federal regulators ignore MVP's serious risk to water quality with an inadequate draft environmental impact statement of the pipeline extension."


     On Indigenes Peoples Day, October 14 2016, members of the Ojibwe tribes and supporters protested in Clearbrook Minnesota against the construction of oil Pipeline 3 for various environmental reasons including that the inevitable spills would violate Ojibwe treaty rights, endangering wild rice production and the ability of tribal members to make a living from the land inscribed in the treaty ("A Fight for Wild Rice," In These Times, December 2019).
     
     Wilderness Watch, https://wildernesswatch.salsalabs.org/montanoreminedseis/index.html, stated on August 6, 2019, " Conservationists have long worked to protect the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness in northwest Montana from one of the world’s largest proposed copper and silver mines. This Wilderness of high peaks and clear lakes is home to a small population of threatened grizzly bears, as well as threatened Canada lynx and bull trout. The water from its streams is some of the cleanest in the country.
     Mining is fundamentally incompatible with wilderness preservation. The proposed Montanore mine would dry up streams and would destroy critical habitat for lynx, bull trout, and grizzly bears. Additionally, the Forest Service has failed to adequately address the mine’s potential impacts to the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness or the effects of climate change paired with mining on wildlife and water availability.
     The Montanore mine has a long, complicated history, with the courts having several times rejected its approval by the U.S. Forest Service (FS) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service because it would violate multiple laws including the Endangered Species Act, the Clean Water Act, the National Forest Management Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act.
      The FS has released a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (DSEIS) for the Evaluation (or Exploration) Phase of the mine and is currently accepting public comments. Comments are due August 8.
     The mine currently has no permit to operate or begin construction, so we need you to take action to ensure that this mine in the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness is never built
!"
     Beyond Extreme Energy stated in a July 4, 2019 Email, " Jordan Cove is a proposed gas terminal in Oregon that would be responsible for more than 36 million tons of global warming pollution. It would be fed by the Pacific Connector pipeline, which will require a 95-foot-wide clear-cut through southwest Oregon’s forests and farms.
     In May the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) pipeline denied the Clean Water Act permit for this dirty and dangerous project. But that’s exactly the kind of state permit that Trump hopes to overrule with his pro-pipeline executive orders. Trump’s executive order is only triggered if a federal agency says yes after a state agency has said no, and that brings us back to, you guessed it, FERC (the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission).
      FERC is reviewing Jordan Cove now, and their comment period closes this week. BXE and friends will be in DC on July 18 to deliver all the signatures in Person to FERC with our usual flair. Can you sign on now to say you're with us and oppose Jordan Cove ?
     This is the latest example of how the fossil fuel industry pollutes our environment, drives climate chaos, and harms our communities -- all while reaping massive profits for its executives. But amazingly, even elected officials who claim to believe in climate science or support a Green New Deal have been slow to come out against Jordan Cove. This is unacceptable because we are at a tipping point to stop climate destruction.
     The IPCC and the Trump Administration’s own National Climate Assessment give us less than 12 years to make massive changes in our economy and energy sector before we face devastating and irreversible climate chaos.
     Within this context, our elected leaders face a stark choice. They could choose a Green New Deal that invests in renewable energy and puts communities on the front lines of environmental destruction at the center of the solutions. Or they could choose the Jordan Cove gas export terminal and Pacific Connector fracked gas pipeline. It’s time for our leaders to choose.
     Simply put, Jordan Cove and the Pacific Connector would be a climate disaster.
     The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality recently denied Jordan Cove an important water quality permit. But that may not be enough to stop the project. And if FERC rules against Oregon’s communities, tribes and climate they can use eminent domain enforced by armed federal marshals to seize Oregon tribes’ and landowners’ property.
     This is a dangerous moment – and our elected officials, including our senators and members of Congress, need to stand up to Trump and his fossil fuel agenda. Sign now to make sure they get the message and say NO to Jordan Cove and the Pacific Connector Pipeline NOW: https://actionnetwork.org/petitions/oppose-the-jordan-cove-export-terminal?source=email&referrer=group-beyond-extreme-energy.
     Thanks,
     Drew, Ted and the Crew at Beyond Extreme Energy
      Sources and References: http://priceofoil.org/2018/01/11/jordan-cove-lng-and-pacific-connector-pipeline-greenhouse-gas-emissions/ https://youtu.be/d1r2T_QRr_k https://www.oregon.gov/newsroom/pages/NewsDetail.aspx https://www.npr.org/2019/04/11/712121425/trump-signs-executive-orders-in-push-to-make-it-easier-to-build-oil-and-gas-pipe https://www.198methods.org/2019/02/04/whats-a-green-new-deal-that-doesnt-ban-fossil-fuels/ https://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/news/fracking-endgame-its-literally-us-or-frackers https://twitter.com/RogueClimate/status/1144251675990884353 https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/may/29/energy-department-molecules-freedom-fossil-fuel-rebranding https://www.cnn.com/2019/07/01/business/lng-boom-environment-climate-change/index.html"


     The Indigenous Environmental Network, " Call to Action: Stand with the Puyallup Tribe by Demanding The Puget Sound Clean Air Agency Deny To Permit For Tacoma LNG Project." August 29, 2019, https://www.mynewsletterbuilder.com/email/newsletter/1414101632, stated, " The last hurdle for the Tacoma Liquified Gas (LNG) project is a permit from the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency (PSCAA), a regional government agency charged with limiting pollution in King, Kitsap, Pierce and Snohomish Counties. The LNG project is designed to deliver fracked gas through Tacoma to an industrial facility situated between the Blair and Hylebos Waterways. There the gas will be super-cooled and pressurized into a liquid state, known as LNG which will be used as fuel.      The LNG facility is under construction on the ancestral homeland of the Puyallup Tribal Nation.    The Puyallup Tribal Nation was never consulted about the dangerous project that will no doubt have a devastating effect on their land, economy, and culture. As we have seen so many times with other projects, the governmental agencies in charge of the oversight of the Tacoma LNG left tribal communities out of the conversation and have ignored their concerns.   The Puyallup Tribe is one of 18 tribal nations in Washington opposing the project, these nations are joined by 18 human and civil rights groups, in addition to dozens of local and statewide environmental organizations.   An LNG facility in an urban area like Tacoma is an uncommon practice for the industry because it is known to be risky. Local advocates opposing the project have pointed out that the company hid safety studies from the public and regulators until key approval deadlines had passed.
     In July, PSCAA released a preliminary determination to issue permits for Tacoma LNG. The determination was widely criticized by opponents for using outdated assumptions and flawed science. This final permit, known as the Notice of Construction Application, will be decided in early September.   
     Please submit a comment by September 9th demanding the PSCAA deny the final permits for the Tacoma LNG.   ONLINE: news.puyalluptribe.com/lng    VIA EMAIL: Ralph Munoz, PublicComment@pscleanair.org    VIA MAIL: Ralph Munoz, 1904 Third Avenue, Suite 105, Seattle, WA 9810    Comment suggestions:  
     Tell the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency (PSCAA) that the Tacoma Liquified Gas project permit should be denied:    The Puyallup Tribal Nation was never consulted about this project, which runs counter to federal Indian policy. There was no consideration about how this project will impact or affect the tribe’s health, sustainability, jurisdiction, treaty and hunting fishing rights.    This project violates the treaty rights of the Puyallup Tribal nation and other tribal nations.   There was no public health impact assessment conducted for this project. The risk for pollution and toxic contamination is far too great for local communities.   The Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (FSEIS) that was submitted for this project was flawed and used outdated science to evaluate greenhouse gas emissions."


     
Chase Iron Eyes, Lakota People's Law Project, stated in a September 11, 2019 E-mail, "On Aug. 28—the day a North Dakota court wiped clean my [Chase Iron Eyes] record from the protests at Standing Rock—m y legal team succeeded in convincing our judge that discovery material from my trial must be made public. This important victory for transparency and the First Amendment can better position water protectors for the battle against Keystone XL. These depositions now become valuable legal resources, especially as more states criminalize protest and hire private armies to protect their fossil fuel investments."   " In depositions, our Lakota Law legal team pressed law enforcement officers on their lack of knowledge about treaty law and their inappropriate collusion with TigerSwan, a private military security firm for hire. These records can now assist other water protectors, attorneys, journalists, and filmmakers still trying to accurately convey the real story of Standing Rock and protect the importance of free speech in America.   Today, our movement to safeguard sacred water and ancestral lands has new momentum, but we still have much to do. White nationalists beholden to the oil lobby remain in power and, every day, our climate slips closer to the brink—just two more reasons to fight harder together. Free at last of any legal restrictions, I’m ready to press forward with all required urgency! I hope you’ll keep standing at my side, in person and in spirit."


     Psychologists for Social Responsibility (PsySR), at: http://www.psysr.org, among its many activities, " WATER PROTECTION IN THE CLIMATE EMERGENCY"
     "Please join PsySR in supporting the documentary NECESSITY: OIL, WATER, AND CLIMATE RESISTANCE (currently in post-production). Co-directed by Samantha Praus and PsySR member Jan Haaken, the film traces the fight in Minnesota against the expansion of pipelines carrying toxic tar sands oil through North America. When official channels of protest fail or fall short, activists turn to civil disobedience and lawyers seek to make the courts more just in responding to the climate crisis. The film follows indigenous and non-indigenous activists and allies in their resistance to the pipelines traversing native lands and essential waterways. We look forward to showing the film in August 2019 in the PsySR suite during the APA Convention in Chicago.
     View the trailer and find out more at: https://www.facE-Book.com/flx/warn/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.necessitythemovie.com%2F&h=AT2LJuQ1AOWcbfUpKuNHZs1YYsbk6djE8rJrjC5SAOVrZWNHNBcH2QE2nO32Xmgmv0vD1v3wkH06bC5ovEPNQc-TAUyKlyY15FDXNJnzbWFZb0t5XhXhtmVsITGCR6X_SqI6ytlRSgrIYtYDxgHNt3ruRgtXDiD7elqtI4b3j6xM1nY6oaUUW8dNnWjlHAdIAw3WQ59-7TPHGqUk9azrDdPg0Jn4_2gGEKjd-cXBIAN2sRc7iGzlSkdTPDsWBmvQwkdeX0ZspU7wtS9ydIMr7oEyVNFUy3fTDW6vRx_iu4QLUBg8BU5QXaOLXRjBCXw_Bsc8pOzoSZsIxNotoqYdfz7meDQaC5ydnfZtK0pTia7A0yapKAJ66llnlGmu9u2p6GNdyVc3-ALsLxxSqz2aGO-5rhApCiTBbaB149wLehr6UWVjbydzCjPzE2uygBdGJDGTd4K7C5ZR_SElWIW7Fdpivsq8b74SH5opONpqH8CKEJVEA2dSj3XzWmhNH_y2XUFnZlVAJ_6K2UkHEtLjBcax5iWkvrHkpncGkQ-X2O1SC-yTkn-hssGzi44ZSop4bpH469Y7v1be0Mpj3qrpMwDGDSYq8S9_5Fgi3cbpC-WeltLSYwa7YZqv."


      The 18 member nations of the Pacific Island Forum, meeting August 13-16, 2019, on Tuvulu called for strong international action to curb global warming induced climate change, while assisting poorer nations in doing so, and in adopting to the new conditions, as a matter of climate justice and human rights ("We Must Save Tuvulu to Save the World: Pacific Island Forum Focuses on Climate Justice and Human Rights," Cultural Survival Quarterly, December 2019).


     Food and Water Watch state in an E-mail, September 9, 2019, "As of May, PFAS has been found in 610 locations and 43 states, threatening the drinking water of 19 million Americans. 1,2
     Then last Friday, an investigation by the Southern California News Group found cancer-linked toxic PFAS in dozens of water sources in California. 3
      These forever chemicals are showing up everywhere — including bottled water.4 And because they don’t easily break down in the environment, the best way to get rid of them is to stop producing them in the first place.
     Food & Water Watch is mobilizing grassroots support to pass comprehensive legislation to protect our families from these dangerous forever chemicals.
      Will you rush an urgent donation to help stop cancer-linked toxic PFAS?
      Toxic PFAS are chemicals used in dozens of household products from water-repellent clothing to pizza boxes to non-stick pans.
      In addition to cancer, PFAS are linked to liver malfunction, birth defects, immune system problems and more. They don’t break down in the environment, and they accumulate in the bodies of animals and humans. At this point, virtually every American has PFAS in their bloodstream.
     Perhaps most outrageous is that even though the chemical industry has continued to flood our environment with these dangerous toxic chemicals, newly revealed documents show that companies like 3M knew about the health dangers of PFAS as early as the 1960s .5 Today, companies are lobbying hard to block any regulation of PFAS, but we’re fighting back.
     Food & Water Watch has a two-part strategy to stop PFAS:
     First, we’re doing everything we can to alert the public about the health risks of these dangerous chemicals, so that people can email their Congress members to tell them that action is needed.
     Second, we’re building support fo r the WATER Act, comprehensive legislation that will fully fund our water systems, including providing support to address PFAS contamination of drinking water. So far, we have 75 cosponsors in the House and are building toward the majority we’ll need to pass it."_______________1. Mapping the PFAS Contamination Crisis: New Data Show 610 Sites in 43 States, Environmental Working Group, May 6, 2019.2. Report: Up to 110 Million Americans Could Have PFAS-Contaminated Drinking Water, Environmental Working Group, May 22, 2018.3. PFAS toxins found in drinking water throughout Southern California, The Orange County Register, August 30, 2019. 4. Some Bottled Water Brands Have Concerning PFAS Levels, Massachusetts Regulator Warns, Consumer Reports, July 12, 2019.5. 3M Knew About the Dangers of PFOA and PFOS Decades Ago, Internal Documents Show, The Intercept, July 31, 2018."


     The Nez Perce Tribe if Idaho notified the Midas Gold Company, June 5, 2019, that it intends bring suit against the company for pollution in violation of the Clean Water Act, that the company claims was caused by others who mined the area west of Frank Church Rive of No Return Wilderness for over a century (Keith Ridler, "Mining company denies Nez Perce pollution allegations, says other mins to blame," NFIC, June 2019).


     The Lummi and Yakama nations of Washington State, on October 12, 2019, called for the removal of the Dalles and Bonneville dams on the Columbia River to increase the declining salmon population. Yakama Chairman JoDe Goudy commented that the Columbia basin once produced 10 to 16 million salmon a year, but that has fallen to around 1 million ("Lummi stand with Yakama call for removal of dams," Navajo Times, October 12, 2019).


      The All Pueblo Council of Governors, of 19 New Mexico Pueblos and one in Texas, in October 2019, met in the Bears Ears National Monument and reaffirmed its commitment "to protect the precious and vulnerable sacred sites within the Bears Ears Cultural Landscape" ("The All Pueblo Council of Governors Reaffirms Support for Bears Ears," Autumn-Winter 2019, also: www.kvuer.org).

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U.S. Activities


     "Firth Circuit Court of Appeals to Rehear Brackeen v. Bernhardt," National Congress of the American Indians (NCAI), November 7, 2019, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2019/11/07/fifth-circuit-court-of-appeals-to-rehear-brackeen-v-bernhardt, stated, "Today, the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit granted rehearing en banc in the case Brackeen v. Bernhardt. The Protect ICWA Campaign, consisting of the National Indian Child Welfare Association, the National Congress of American Indians, the Association on American Indian Affairs, and the Native American Rights Fund, issued the following statement in response:
     'This summer, a three-judge panel of the Fifth Circuit upheld the constitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), and we remain confident that upon rehearing en banc the full court will do the same.
     For centuries, the United States Congress, Executive Branch, and Supreme Court have affirmed the unique political status of tribal nations and Native people. ICWA was enacted with that unique political status in mind and applies only to tribal nations that share a government-to-government relationship with the United States and to Indian children and families who share in that relationship. We are confident the Fifth Circuit will affirm ICWA’s strong constitutional grounding.
     In addition, for more than 150 years, the U.S. Supreme Court has recognized that this federal authority to legislate with regard to tribal nations and native people is not limited by reservation borders but extends to wherever Indians may live. When Congress enacted ICWA, it carefully balanced the respective powers of tribes, states, and the federal government to create process that protects Indian children nationwide.
     ICWA has long been recognized as best practice in child welfare and it includes broad support in this case from, among others, 21 states, 325 tribal nations, 57 Native organizations, 31 leading child welfare organizations, Indian and constitutional law scholars, and members of Congress.
     ICWA is vital for protecting the well-being of Indian children across the United States today and tomorrow. The Protect ICWA Campaign will continue to work with tribal nations, tribal leaders, and allies to ensure a strong Indian Child Welfare Act for future generations of Indian families.'”
     
Kolby KickingWoman, "A demand for action on the Capitol steps: Advocates say pressure must be applied to the Senate for a vote on the Violence Against Women Act," ICT, September 12, 2019, https://files.constantcontact.com/c2394f27001/1bdf2843-68d3-4974-8a70-c9bfbfa1da64.pdf, Reported, "Nearly 25 years ago the Violence Against Women Act was passed into law. Today a large crowd of tribal leaders, allies and members of Congress stood footsteps from the Capitol and demanded that the now expired law be renewed."
     "Joint Statement on Trump Administration’s Regulation Punishes Immigrant Families for Using Life-Saving Services," The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), August 13, 2019, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2019/08/13/joint-statement-on-trump-administration-s-regulation-punishes-immigrant-families-for-using-life-saving-services, stated, "On August 12th, the Trump Administration’s Department of Homeland Security announced it will be publishing its finalized public charge rule, continuing its history of actions and policies harmful to immigrant communities.  
     The finalized rule change, which is expected to be published on August 14, 2019, will go into effect on October 15, 2019. These changes will likely have a chilling effect – not only increasing the number of immigrants denied lawful permanent residence based on their use of certain government services, household income, and other criteria, but also dissuading families eligible for Medicaid and other public benefits intended to support their health and well-being from availing themselves of those benefits.
     Despite more than 250,000 individuals submitting comments opposing these proposed changes, the Department of Homeland Security’s decision to move forward with this rule – along with the ICE sweeps in Mississippi and ongoing family separations at the border – is just another example of how the Administration’s words and actions seek to undermine the rights of and opportunities available to immigrant families.  
      The proposed changes to the public charge rule punish low-income, immigrant families of color who access essential services, such as nutrition assistance and health care. The rule favors immigrants who have completed higher education, speak fluent English, and are younger. Obviously, these proposed changes will negatively impact the number of people who are able to get a green card, and in turn, impact those who will later be eligible for U.S. citizenship. This is another shameful attack on working-class immigrant families who, once they became citizens, would be able to vote and fully participate in our democracy."  
     The Indigenous Environmental Network stated, July 20, 2019, https://www.ienearth.org, "Today, over 400 protectors led by Indigenous peoples from across Turtle Island took escalated action by blocking the entrance to the Fort Sill military post in Lawton, O.K. shutting down the freeway for two hours.   The Trump administration and Oklahoma Governor Stitt are putting forth a plan to re-open the concentration camp at Fort Sill to once again incarcerate children.   For twenty years beginning in 1894, our Apache relatives were held as prisoners of war at Fort Sill. We, as Indigenous peoples, know the pain and generational trauma that comes from Fort Sill and camps just like it. It is our moral responsibility to take a stand with our Indigenous relatives trying to cross the so-called “border.” Generations of Indigenous youth have suffered and have been forced to assimilate at Fort Sill’s boarding school. We cannot stand by as this happens again.       Ft. Sill is also the same place where 700 Japanese immigrant men were detained without due process during World War II. We will not allow anymore pain to happen at Ft. Sill.    This multiracial coalition of organizations was led by immigrant youth, their families, and Japanese American, Black, Indigenous, Jewish and white allies who all vehemently reject this administration's immigration policies including the concentration camps that have been built across the country to incarcerate immigrants and children, and which have resulted in severe abuse, trauma and multiple deaths by the deportation force of ICE and CBP.    Throughout the action, we called on Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt to get ICE out of Oklahoma and to stop supporting Trump’s administration as they criminalize immigrants, separate families, and kill asylum seekers.    The local and national organizations Indigenous Environmental Network organized this action with include: Dream Action Oklahoma, United We Dream, Black Lives Matter Oklahoma City, Democratic Socialists of America - Oklahoma City, Native Voice Network, Tsuru for Solidarity, Oklahoma Call for Reproductive Justice, ACLU OK, Women’s March OK, Indian Territory behind American Indian Movement, NACA-Inspired Schools Network, The Majority, Workers Defense, Bend the Arc, Sunflower Community Action, Center for Popular Democracy, Sunrise Movement, The International Union of Painters and Allied Trades, and others.     We have just begun but we need you to join us, scroll down to find out how.   J oin Us in Taking Action, Tell Governor Stitt to Abolish ICE in Oklahoma."


     The friends Committee on National Legislation (FNCL) while continuing some activity on its traditional Native American issues, in the fall of 2019, had switched its focus to lobbying for action on missing and murdered Indigenous Women. In particular, FCNL has been working for the reauthorization by Congress of the Violence Against Women Act with its increased authorizations for action concerning the murdered and missing.
     FCNL has also been lobbying for regular advanced funding for key Native programs, pushing for passage of the Indian Programs Advance Funding Appropriations Act (HR 1128) and the Indian Health Service Advance Funding Appropriations Act (HR 1135). Also of concern is the growing damage to Native nations, especially on the coasts, from climate change. For example, the president of the Quinault Nation testified before the House Natural Resources Committee that increased rainfall and a rising Pacific Ocean will soon force the nation to move its village to higher ground at a cost of $200 million ("Advocating with and for Native Americans," Washington Newsletter, FNCL, November-December 2019).


     Meghan Miner Murray, "Why Are Native Hawaiians Protesting Against a Telescope?" The New York Times, Demonstrators blocking construction of a major scientific project on Hawaii’s highest mountain have started to attract support across the country. Here’s what you need to know. July 22, 2019, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/22/us/hawaii-telescope-protest.html, reported, " A last-ditch effort by Native Hawaiians to stop construction at a culturally significant site on Hawaii’s Big Island has begun to attract national attention — echoing in some ways the protests by Native Americans in 2016 and 2017 against the Dakota Access pipeline project."
     " Several hundred Native Hawaiians and Hawaiian rights activists have been camped for almost a week at the foot of Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano, blocking the only road to the top of the mountain. That has kept construction equipment from reaching the summit to start building a $1.4 billion scientific project, the Thirty Meter Telescope, and it has forced other scientific facilities at the summit to shut down. Though the protests have been peaceful, at least 33 people have been arrested, given citations and released."
     " The mountain, called Mauna O Wakea by Native Hawaiians, is the tallest in the islands, and its summit is considered sacred in traditional Hawaiian culture — the place where the sky god, Wakea, met with Papa Hanau Moku, the earth goddess, leading to the creation of the islands. Only the highest-ranking chiefs were historically believed to be fit to go there. There are other cultural sites on the mountain, including a sacred lake, significant burial sites and a historic quarry where stone tools were made."


     "NCAI Stands with Native Hawaiians in Efforts to Protect Mauna Kea," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), July 22, 2019, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2019/07/22/ncai-stands-with-native-hawaiians-in-efforts-to-protect-mauna-kea, stated, “' NCAI firmly stands with our Native Hawaiian relatives in their efforts to protect the sacred summit of Mauna Kea,' said NCAI CEO Kevin Allis. We strongly oppose the destruction of our sacred places and structures, especially those central to our religious practices and beliefs, and view these actions as threats to our being as indigenous peoples. We urge respect to the significance of Mauna Kea to our Hawaiian Ohana and we call for the supporters of the proposed telescope to secure an alternative location, said Allis."


     "Mauna Kea Protectors Continue Their Blockade," Cultural Survival, October 15, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/mauna-kea-protectors-continue-their-blockade, reported, " It has been three months since the construction of the 30-meter observatory was planned to begin on the Mauna Kea summit and has since been blockaded by the mobilization of Indigenous Hawaiian and allied peoples to protect the right to maintain their practices that would be jeopardized by the observatory. On September 20, 2019, 28 of the 38 protectors arrested on July 17 have plead not guilty before the Hilo Court . Days later, one of those arrested and pleading not-guilty, testified before the Office of Hawaiian Affairs. Dr. Noe Noe Wong-Wilson, executive director of the Lālākea Foundation, spoke on the controversial issue of the protector’s camp along the highway. Dr. Wong-Wilson testified to the Office that the protectors were not blocking any of the public from accessing public land surrounding Mauna Kea, rather it was the Governor’s office and law enforcement who were restricting access. Additionally, in the latter half of August and beginning weeks of September international attention and Indigenous led advocacy have increased and continued to place pressure upon the state of Hawaii and the TMT International Observatory.
      On September 17, Puʻuhonua o Puʻuhuluhulu released a press statement condemning what they perceive as misconduct, harassment, and intimidation from law enforcement officers. The press statement presents an increasing documentation of instances of harassment and intimidation by law enforcement officers and the protectors of the Mauna Kea. Relatedly, a few days before on September 14, Expert Member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Tarcila Rivera Zea (Quechua) issued a public letter to Governor Inge of Hawaii. Rivera Zea articulated her position of solidarity with the protectors and urged Governor Inge to follow articles and recommendations outlined in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in respecting their human rights and rights as Indigenous Peoples.
     In her letter Rivera Zea wrote: Building the Thirty Meter Telescope goes against the territorial, cultural and spiritual rights of the Indigenous Peoples of Hawaii. According to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Issues (UNDRIP), Indigenous Peoples have the right to own, use, develop and control” their lands and “to use to maintain and strengthen their distinctive spiritual relationship with their traditionally owned or otherwise occupied and used lands. Additionally, the Permanent Forum asked States on its 17th Session to acknowledge the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples to their lands, territories and resources and urged them to take measures to ensure the exercise of these rights.'
     In addition to Articles 2 and 25, as referenced above, the Expert Member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues also references Article 12: Indigenous peoples have the right to manifest, practice, develop and teach their spiritual and religious traditions, customs and ceremonies; the right to maintain, protect, and have access in privacy to their religious and cultural sites. Allowing the desecration of Mauna Kea, putting at risk its biodiversity and ecosystem, and preventing Indigenous Peoples from carrying out their spiritual traditions, the government is ignoring the above mentioned rights.'
     Rivera Zia highlights a deeply important aspect of the evolution of the protector’s struggle of defending the Mauna Kea- it is both at the same time protection of the rights to self-determination, territorial sovereignty, and spiritual autonomy of Indigenous Peoples. Rights that the protectors identify as undeniable and indivisible.
     As reported in an NConline article, “The mountain is a symbol of the most sacred attached to the ... realm of the gods," said Pua Case, one of the leaders of the protectors. If we don't stand for that, what will we stand for?' The reporting highlights the profound intertwining of spiritual practice and self-determination, covering the Labor Day weekend over the beginning of September and the many workshops and visitors from many different Indigenous Peoples.
      The Canadian TMT Advisory Committee recently posted a statement, acknowledging that as of now there is no moving forward with their planned construction without negotiation. What negotiation will encompass is left unclear. For now, protectors remain blockading the TMT construction asserting their rights as Kanaka Maoli, Indigenous Hawaiian Peoples.
     On October 4, Thirty Meter Telescope supporters gathered at the state Capitol along with land protectors at a forum. The supporters argued that culture and science can coexist on Mauna Kea. However, the unrest unravelled and people on both sides grew heated, with many others wondering if tensions between the two groups would cease. Makana Silva, a Native Hawaiian student was upset at what he witnessed, saying, We’re just tearing each other down. As much as the lahui is building within our own communities, people are being torn apart. Silva along with another panelist Steve King went out and spoke to leaders on Mauna Kea. Several other panelists argued that though Hawaiians throughout history may have been sharing too much, perhaps not, the telescope is an advancement that Hawaiians should look at with pride. But many others disagreed. Kumu Hinaleimona Wong-Kalu, a land defender against the formation of the telescope, said people will continue to take action and fight against it.
     Daily protectors continue to gather and demand protection of Mauna Kea. On October 5, thousands of red shirts made waves across Waikiki at the Ala Moana Park for the Aloha Aina We Rise Unity march. Locals wanted to show Hawaiian officials and leaders they will not stand by while their lands continue to be invaded and taken from Indigenous Peoples. The event organizer, Hinaleimoana Wong-Kalu discussed how important it is to remind people that the Hawaiian people stand together and unify to show the world that they are still at the forefront of what is going on in their homeland. Wong-Kalu discussed how since colonization, invaders attempted to silence Indigenous voices that spoke out for their land. Tehani Gonzado discussed how important it was for people to rally: We’re the land. We’re the sky. We’re everything around us and if we don’t do this [march] today my babies will forget. So it’s super important. It’s really important for us all to be here and be here as an ohana.'
     Not everyone agrees with this approach. Sam King, a lawyer for the non-profit collaboration Imua TMT, had a personal message for the protectors at the event: At this point, marches are not helping achieve a resolution… We reiterate our invitation to the protectors/protectors/Kia’i to join us in a conversation. They can reach us through our website.' Yet, protectors continue to organize and march in honor of their ancestral home, to show the world: we have not forgotten, we will not forget, and we will continue to remember so we can keep fighting.'”


     "NCAI Troubled by the Removal of Shannon Keller O'Loughlin from the Department of State's Cultural Property Advisory Committee," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), July 15, 2019, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2019/07/15/ncai-troubled-by-the-removal-of-shannon-keller-o-loughlin-from-the-department-of-state-s-cultural-property-advisory-committee, stated, "The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is troubled by the removal of Shannon Keller O’Loughlin, Executive Director of the Association on American Indian Affairs and a member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, from the Department of State’s Cultural Property Advisory Committee. O’Loughlin was the first and only American Indian representative on the Committee. Tribal nations depend upon cultural items for maintaining their identity, cultures, and traditions…now, and into the future, said NCAI’s CEO, Kevin Allis. We stand firm in the idea that representation from tribal nations is necessary, within any administration, so that there is full scope and understanding around the protections and importance of Indian Country’s sacred items, stated Allis."


     Haley Albano, "Advocates Demand The Elimination Of Racist Native Mascots In Massachusetts," Cultural Survival, July 10, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/advocates-demand-elimination-racist-native-mascots-massachusetts, reported, "On June 25, 2019, Native American leaders and civil rights advocates convened at the Massachusetts State House in support of the elimination of Native mascots in public schools across the Commonwealth (Bills H.443 S.247). The bill would mandate that the approximately 40 Masscahusetts public schools change existing mascots that use imagery and names that depict Native Americans. The bill does allow for Native sports teams to retain Native imagery for social and cultural cohesion. Native stakeholder groups voiced their support for this bill and emphasized their lack of consent for the continued use of imagery destructive to the futures of Indigenous children as well as to the futures of non-Native children exposed to inauthentic and racist representations of Native identities.
     Advocacy groups in attendance included representatives from the Massachusetts Center for Native American Awareness, the North American Indian Center of Boston, United American Indians of New England, Cultural Survival, and many local Native leaders, as well non-Native scholars, parents, students, and those concerned with the effects of racism. Claudia Fox Tree, a teacher and member of the Arawak Nation, dissented against the use of the singular, “one-dimensional” stereotypical image, and added that “It is not only its presence. It is its absence and the absence of anything and everything else here on our lands that are accurate, respectful and known by the other 98 percent not Indigenous.” Advocacy cited research on the psychosocial effects of these destructive appropriations of Native imagery in all public spheres.
     Many supporters spoke to the institutional racism that occurs when an entire group of people is mocked, taught to be disrespected, and otherwise critically diminished in a public space. This has often violent consequences towards the group being depicted. The many civil rights movements of the past have set the foundations to inform the general public that it is not morally justifiable to depict races and cultures in any form of ‘blackface’, yet Native caricature and costumery continue to be commonplace in Massachusetts and elsewhere. . The consequences of the body politic refusing to recognize this history is dangerous. Refusing to allow self-determination of representation is a reminder of genocide and political domination. When local communities have violently attached themselves to these contested images, claiming ownership over the sovereign decisions of an entire group of people, ethical conversations are no longer possible.
     Shauna Manning, of the Massachusetts Teachers Association, has been fighting to eliminate mascots such as North Quincy’s ‘Yakoo’. She said that people in these communities fighting for change are fearing for their lives, are the recipients of threats, and are having to fill out police reports to protect themselves. Many who testified supported the state’s involvement in this issue, citing that discussion does not work with the people who support the promulgation of these racist images. One parent from Quincy, Conevery Bolton Valenčius, explained how her sons were embarrassed to wear their schools’ sports logo when moving out of state for college. “In a lot of white communities, local history and local tradition trump common sense and decency... We need the help of the Legislature to change things on our local level. I see how much harm this does,” she urged. Early this year, Maine became the first state in the Nation to ban the use of Native mascots.
     The committee, on the same day, also convened to discuss bill H.444 “An Act providing for the creation of a permanent commission relative to the education of American Indian and Alaska Native residents of the Commonwealth” which would focus attention on the needs of Indigenous students in the commonwealth. Moonanum James, co-leader of the United American Indians of New England, said, Our children, which are the same as your children, deserve to know the truth. He referred to the retaining of contested Indigenous mascots as a hideous practice, and his sentiment was strongly shared in the room.
      A total of five bills are currently pending in Massachusetts legislature, which are collectively being promoted by the MA Indigenous Legislative Agenda coalition.  
     The Joint Committee on Education in Massachusetts had advanced the proposal in 2017, but the proposal never came through the Senate Ways and Means Committee. Local residents came in support of this bill, citing disapproval that their children are required to wear highly contested and disrespectful images on their backs in order to participate in sports. The fight to eliminate mascots is part of an ongoing battle for Native communities to be allowed ownership over their own cultural identities."


     Sylvia Ulloa, New Mexico In Depth. "New Yazzie court filings seek more action on education," New Mexico Political Report, October 30, 2019, http://nmpoliticalreport.com/2019/10/31/new-yazzie-court-filings-seek-more-action-on-education/?mc_cid=e5740cf0a8&mc_eid=cde7993ced, reported, "The state didn’t spend enough, and it still doesn’t have a plan. That, in essence, is what attorneys in the state’s landmark Martinez/Yazzie education lawsuit argue in a legal motion that seeks concrete steps to guarantee Native Americans, English learners, disabled and low-income students a sufficient education."
      The Three Affiliated Tribes on the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota have been struggling with the U.S. government and the state over holding on to their mineral rights under the Missouri River on their reservation. Among other things, about $100 million in royalty payments being held in escrow is at stake. The state successfully lobbied the Interior Department to suspend an Obama administration memo that under treaty the river belonged to the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara nations. In summer 2018 the Interior Department began a review of who owned the mineral rights (Dave Kolpack, "Three Affiliated Tribes defends its historic rights to minerals against state and oil company claims and intrusions," NFIC, June 2019).


     Richard Walker, "Canoe Journey generation youth are fulfilling the dream of its Seattle founder," ICT, August 2, 2019, https://files.constantcontact.com/c2394f27001/1d5ea128-b718-481d-8dc5-767a56b27835.pdf, reported, " Indigenous representatives at Paddle to Lummi [in Washington fromCanada] included Native Hawai’ians, Maori from New Zealand, Papuan from New Guinea, and Shinnecock Tribe of Long Island, New York.
      A new generation of Indigenous leaders is emerging as was evident at the 2019 Canoe Journey, the annual gathering of Indigenous nations from the Pacific Northwest and Canada."


      The Hawai'i People's Fund, https://www.hawaiipeoplesfund.org, continues to make grants to various organizations including those concerned with Native rights, culture and wellbeing, and with protecting the environment.

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International Activities


     The Commission of Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Girls, stated in June 2019, ICT, June 13, 2019, https://files.constantcontact.com/c2394f27001/058ec353-0cae-4682-acd8-210a61264b3a.pdf, " Commission calls on all political leaders to move forward to implement Calls for Justice; and work together to create and implement a National Action Plan with Indigenous peoples to address violence against Indigenous women, girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA people
     The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls heard the truths of many families and survivors of violence. We call on all political leaders to accept their truths and move forward to implement our Calls for Justice.
     We further call on all political leaders to work together to create and implement a National Action Plan with Indigenous peoples at the table to address violence against Indigenous women, girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA people. With political will, good work can begin immediately. Together, let's make meaningful change to ensure a safe future for Indigenous women, girls and 2SLGBTQQIA people in Canada."


      The Tsilhqot'n national government sent an urgent request to the UN Special Rapporteur for Indigenous Rights, in August 2019 , to immediately visit Teztan Biny (Fish Lake), in British Columbia, where Taseko Mines, Ltd. was planning to undertake exploratory drilling on a sacred site on Tsilhqot'n land (Tsilhqot'n Seek Visit by UNSR after Taseko Mines pushes for drilling on sacred site," Cultural Survival Quarterly, December 2019)


     Gloria Galloway, Parliamentary Reporter, Ottawa, June 21, 2019, received by E-mail, " The former United States embassy that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said would be a space for Indigenous people continues to sit empty as the Algonquins, on whose traditional territory it was constructed, demand to have part of it along with the Assembly of First Nations, the Inuit and the Métis.
     A small group of Algonquins set up a birch-bark teepee this week outside the classic 1930s art-deco building at 100 Wellington St. across from Parliament Hill that was vacated by the Americans two decades ago.
     The government had hoped to open an exhibit of Indigenous art reproductions in the space on Friday as part of celebrations to mark National Indigenous Peoples Day. But that plan was scuttled by the protest...."


     "Radio Xyaab ’Tzuultaq’a: Protecting Indigenous Lands and Human Rights Defenders," Cultural Survival, August 12, 2019, reported, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/radio-xyaab-tzuultaqa-protecting-indigenous-lands-and-human-rights-defenders, reported, " The northern part of Guatemala is one of the richest areas in the entire country due to its abundant natural resources. Ironically, most of the Maya Q'eqchi population that lives in this area, does so in conditions of poverty and extreme poverty, and faces problems caused by palm and rubber monocultures, mining projects, and destruction of protected areas by the construction of hydroelectric plants. All these large scale development projects are being promoted by multinational companies in complicity with the government of Guatemala.  
      The situation of the Artisanal Fishermen's Guild of El Estor, Izabal, is one of the most emblematic cases of the struggle people face. The Artisanal Fishermen's Guild are carrying out an arduous fight for the protection of their territory and the cessation of pollution of Lake Izabal, caused by the Guatemalan Nickel Company CGN-PRONICO. Compañía Guatemalteca de Níquel is a subsidiary of Solway Investment Group, of Russian-Swiss capital. In recent years, this company has increased their conflict with the local community and has criminalized local leaders of the Guild for opposing the nickel mine’s operations.
     For the Fishermen's Guild, as well as for the Maya Q’eqchi ’community, the value of nature goes far beyond what the mine can offer them. In the Q’eqchi’ community, most of its members identify themselves as Aj Ralch’och’, which means Son or daughter of the Earth. For many years, fishermen supported their families with what they could harvest from the lake, without abusing fishing and working to preserve the lake’s ecosystems. However, since the mine and an oil palm company began operations in the area, the lake has not been the same, and contamination is evident. The red and thick spots on the surface of the lake are proof of that.  
      This is how Community Radio Xyaab ’Tzuultaq’a began to support fishermen is based on their respect for Mother Earth. Radio Xyaab Tzuultaq'a is an alternative means of communication that for the past two years has had a positive impact on the Mayan population. The station uses the Q'eqchi language as the main vehicle of cultural expression, promotes Indigenous values, principles and knowledge, and shares information about the protection of land and livelihoods, and the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent.
     When the Artisanal Fishermen's Guild made its first announcements on the pollution that the mining company was causing, it did so through the Radio Xyaab Tzuultaq'a. The station also covered the murder of Carlos Maaz Coc, a 27-year-old fisherman defending the land, who was shot in the chest in 2017. The radio helped refute the official position of the government of Guatemala that did not accept involvement of the National Civil Police PNC in the arbitrary execution of the fisherman.
     At present, the announcements for fishermen's monthly meetings continue to be disseminated through the radio and discussions advocacy strategies in the face of harassment by the mining company are held on air. Several members of the Fishermen's Guild and other human rights defenders have faced repression and unjust imprisonment. Among them are: Cristóbal Pop, Eduardo Bin, María Magdalena Cuc Choc, and Abelino Chub Caal, who recently was released after spending two years in jail with no charge.
      Likewise, Radio Xyaab Tzuultaq'a rasied awareness about the Good Faith Community Consultation that was held in the nearby municipality of Cahabón, Alta Verapaz, to support the position of Maya Q'eqchi communities before the imposition of a hydroelectric dam on the Oxec River. This hydroelectric project is part of a multinational company with Spanish capital and once again has the support of the government of Guatemala. The criminalization suffered by Maya leader Bernardo Caal, who was sentenced in 2018 to seven years in prison and is still waiting for an appeal, has been covered through news in the Maya Q'eqchi language.
      For Radio Xyaab Tzuultaq'a, there are two very important things in their work: to disseminate radio messages that promote the protection of Indigenous lands, gender equity, and human rights of the Maya Q'eqchi communities; and to strengthen their mother tongue. All transmission is done bilingually, in Q'eqchi and Spanish. The station also promotes ancestral music through the transmission of musical pieces played with harp, marimba, tun and chirimía-- all instruments whose use is declining.
     Thanks to the volunteer work that women, men, youth, and elders do, Radio Xyaab Tzuultaq'a hopes to continue supporting and strengthening the Q'eqchi people by disseminating information about their rights to freedom of expression, to organize, and to enforce the rights of Mother Earth."


      In Guatemala hundreds of Indigenous people from across the country marched 200 km to the capitol, May 1, 2019, in a call for dignity, life and justice. They demonstrated against corruption, land theft, and extraction of natural resources on Indigenous land ("Guatemala: Indigenous People Walk 200 km to Demand Justice," Cultural Survival Quarterly, June 2019).


     John McPhaul, "Costa Rican Indigenous Peoples Hold First National Indigenous Congress in San Jose," Cultural Survival, August 12, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/costa-rican-indigenous-peoples-hold-first-national-indigenous-congress-san-jose, reported, "On August 8-10, 2019 , Indigenous leaders held the first National Indigenous Congress (CONGRESO INDÍGENA NACIONAL - COIN) in San Antonio de Belen outside San Jose, Costa Rica, where seven of the eight Costa Rican Indigenous Nations met to discuss the challenges facing the Indigenous population in the country.
     The National Indigenous Congress constituted a space for Indigenous participation in the strengthening of their cultural and spiritual identities and the advancement of a common agenda for Indigenous autonomy and the implementation of their rights recognized by international human rights treaties and Costa Rican legislation. Indigenous leaders from the Chorotega, Maleku, Bribri, Cabécar, Boruca, Bröran and Ngöbe Peoples made a series of denunciations about their treatment by the Costa Rican state. 'We reject the government's indifference towards the land recovery process exercised directly by Indigenous partners from different Peoples as part of the Autonomous Territorial Affirmation Process, in many cases the complicit support for usurpers; even in clear contempt of Precautionary Measure 321-12 issued by the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights in Resolution 16/15 of April 30, 2015, which orders the Costa Rican State to adopt measures that guarantee the lives and personal integrity of our brothers/sisters in Térraba and Salitre, as was demonstrated with the murder of our brother Sergio Rojas Ortiz (on March 18, 2019) despite being a direct beneficiary and the continuing threat, aggression, and persecutions to those who continue to fight for our rights, stated the declaration.
      The declaration denounced that after 527 years of conquest and colonization, the conquest continues with the complicit violence characterized by inefficiency of State agencies holding executive, judicial and legislative powers, /the Institute for Rural Development (INDER) and the Ministry of Security under the command of the President of the Republic, judges and prosecutors, … created a climate conducive to violence against Indigenous Peoples and favoring non-Indigenous people."
      'We hold the Costa Rican State and government responsible for the criminalization of our struggle, which has resulted in the murder of our brother Sergio Rojas Ortiz, member of the Ditsö Iriria Ajkonuk Wakpa Council, founder and coordinator of the National Front of Indigenous Peoples (FRENAPI), stated the declaration. 'The breach of law and the breakdown of state structures, in continuous negligence of their duties in terms of land planning and sanitation, in observance of customary law, are a structural and systematic cause of violence against our peoples, of the dispossession of our lands, and of the violations of our rights.'
     The National Indigenous Congress was carried out to commemorate the United Nations International Day of Indigenous Peoples at a difficult juncture for Indigenous Peoples in Costa Rica, who remain the population with the lowest life indices. In Costa Rica, the Indigenous population numbers more than 106,000 people. Attending the first National Indigenous Congress were representatives of the Chorotega, Maleku, Bribri, Cabécar, Boruca, Bröran, Ngöbe Nations.
     A grant from Cultural Survival's Keepers of the Earth Fundsupported the organization of the first National Indigenous Congress."


     "Cultural Survival Condemns the Massacre Of Indigenous Leaders In Colombia," Cultural Survival, November 1, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/cultural-survival-condemns-massacre-indigenous-leaders-colombia, reported. " Cultural Survival strongly condemns the ongoing violence against Indigenous Colombians. According to Colombia’s human rights ombudsman, 486 activists and human rights defenders have been murdered since January 2016. A majority of those killed have been Indigenous.
      The National Indigenous Organization of Colombia (ONIC) reports that 121 Indigenous people have been murdered since President Duque took office in August 2018.
      We are deeply saddened and angered by the recent massacre in Cauca, in which on October 29, 2019, Indigenous authority Ne’h Wesx Cristina Taquinas Bautista and four members of the Nasa Tacueyo Indigenous reserve were killed, and another five wounded. According to reports, a black vehicle with armed members of the FARC dissident group Dagoberto Ramos opened fire on the Bautista and her guards after plowing through a barricade the community had set up to protect their territory.
     Cristina was a traditional leader, social worker, land defender and Indigenous rights activist who was a 2017 Indigenous Fellow of the Office of the High Commission for Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland.
     On August 13, she was filmed making the following speech in Toribio, Resguardo San Francisco, Cauca, in which she denounced previous murders of Indigenous guards. She exclaimed, If we stay quiet, they kill us, and if we speak, they kill us too. So, we speak.'
     In Cristina’s words: There is nothing on earth that does not come to the light. Those who killed our guards, will need to come to the light. This case will not be left in impunity.'
      Her murder marks the seventh Indigenous traditional authority who has been assassinated in Cauca just in the month of October 2019. Two weeks ago, 57-year-old Toribio Canas was killed in the same town.
     Indigenous organizations in Colombia, including the Regional Indigenous Council of Colombia (CRIC) have been urgently demanding response to this incessant wave of violence, which they have labelled a genocide.
     ;We call on the State of Colombia, demanding immediate and concentrated solutions to the genocide happening on a national level and especially in the north of the department of Cauca, said the statement by CRIC, issued August 13.
     In response to the massacre of Bautista, Colombia’s government has launched a military offensive to hunt down the gunmen responsible, and President Ivan Duque travelled to the region on Wednesday. The president had been scheduled to meet with indigenous authorities in Cauca in April, but bailed out on the authorities at the last minute, citing security concerns.
     In response, CRIC announced , We have issued complaints with the District Attorney and with the National Unit for Protection and Defense of the People, but the violence does not stop. On the contrary, it continues to rise, often under the nose of the military, for which reason we do not consider the [recent announcement] as a guarantee of protection.'
     Violence against Indigenous Peoples is not new in Colombia. During the half-century long civil war between armed rebel group FARC and the Colombian military, Indigenous Peoples who refused to ally with either side were often caught in the crossfire.
     The signing of the 2016 Peace Accords, which, on paper, formally ended the civil war after 260,000 lives were lost and 7 million displaced, ushered a new hope for peace. However since the cease fire, drug trade, and extractive industry related conflicts result in violence where activists and Indigenous leaders are often targets.
     In 2007, when the international community voted to adopt the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Colombia abstained from voting. Nevertheless, it is bound to oblige with its articles.
     Article 7 states: 1. Indigenous individuals have the rights to life, physical and mental integrity, liberty and security of person. 2. Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and shall not be subjected to any act of genocide or any other act of violence, including forcibly removing children of the group to another group.'
     Article 22 states:
     '2. States shall take measures, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, to ensure that indigenous women and children enjoy the full protection and guarantees against all forms of violence and discrimination.'
     'Yesterday’s attack should serve as an alarm for the Duque administration regarding the urgent need to protect the lives and rights of indigenous and ethnic minority groups. The massacre perpetrated in Cauca is a direct consequence of the Duque administration’s failure to fully implement the 2016 Colombian peace agreement in an integral manner. In particular, it reflects his neglect of the Ethnic Chapter in the accords, which transversally safeguards the rights of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities, and enshrines autonomous self-protection measures for communities like the indigenous guard,' urged Washington based Latin America think tank WOLA in a statement.
     Cultural Survival joins in solidarity with the Nasa people and the Indigenous Nations in Colombia in calling for the prompt investigation into this wave of violence and to urgently bring the perpetrators of this attack, and others, to justice. We join calls requesting investigation by the UN Human Rights Commission and the OAS Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia, and reiterate the right of Indigenous Nations to safety and security in their territories."


     "Survival promotes #TribalVoice at the Amazon Synod in Rome," Survival International,October 17, 2019, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12245, reported, " More than 100 powerful video testimonies of tribal people from around the world are being shown at a parallel event of the Amazon Synod, as part of Survival International’s Tribal Voice project.
     Survival’s team is also videoing dozens of indigenous representatives in Rome for the Synod, and amplifying their voices globally
.
      Survival is in Rome to stand with indigenous peoples fighting the destruction of the Amazon and the theft of their lands. The Survival stand is part of the Amazonia: Common Homes events.
     Where
; The San Lorenzo International Youth Centre, Via Padre Pancrazio Pfeiffer, 24, Rome.
     When
: Mon-Fri 11am-7pm, Sat 4-7pm Follow our activities using #TribalVoice #AmazoniaCasaComun #SinodoAmazonico.
      Working in partnership with the many indigenous people at the Synod, Survival’s team is working to:
     - highlight the vital role the Amazon’s indigenous peoples play in the fight against climate change-
     promote the fact that recognizing tribal territories is the best way to save the Amazon and prevent forest destruction
     - combat President Bolsonaro’s virtual declaration of war against Brazil’s indigenous peoples, and the rise in attacks on themon their lands and lives

     Leila Rocha, a Guarani Ñandeva leader from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, has said in Rome: The government would like to destroy us and give our land to agribusiness. These ranchers and farmers are already killing our mother, they are already killing our rivers. We ask the whole world: help us, please help us save this land, which belongs to us.'
     Survival International’s Director Stephen Corry said today: 'The Synod is a unique opportunity to reinforce the role of the progressive church in standing with indigenous peoples. With the most progressive Pope in situ for generations, the Synod is a once-in-a-lifetime chance to bring indigenous rights centre stage in Catholic thinking.
     'The Roman Catholic church played a key role in the invasion and colonial destruction of indigenous America. |t still represents a force of repression in many contexts. At the same time, some of the earliest European voices in support of indigenous rights were members of its clergy. Over recent generations, its progressive wing has played a, often the, key role in the pursuit of social justice in Latin America, and in standing with the dispossessed and downtrodden, and many of its clergy, including indigenous clergy, have been assassinated as a result.'”


     "Cultural Survival Stands With The Indigenous Peoples Of Bolivia," Cultural Survival, November 20, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/cultural-survival-stands-indigenous-peoples-bolivia, reported, " Cultural Survival condemns the use of excessive force and violence in the aftermath of the forced resignation of Bolivian President Evo Morales (Aymara), the country’s first Indigenous president, after 10 days of public protest.
     Morales fled to Mexico after allegations of election fraud from the Organization of American States. Subsequent protests have so far left 23 people dead, more than 100 injured and multiple incarcerated in different parts of the country
.
      Senate minority leader Jeanine Áñez Chávez, a right wing evangelical Christian with a history of racist and anti-Indigenous public statements, declared herself interim president, entering the presidential palace brandishing a Bible over her head. She was adorned by the chief of the armed forces with the presidential sash.
     In a since-deleted 2013 tweet, Añez declared Indigenous cultural practices as satanic. She established her new cabinet on November 13, 2019, without a single Indigenous member. The following day one cabinet position, the minister of culture and tourism, was awarded to an Indigenous woman, Martha Yujra Apaza.
      As Añez stokes anti-Indigenous sentiment, videos spread on social media showing the burning of the Indigenous Wiphala flag and police ripping the flag off their uniforms. In reaction, thousands have taken to the streets to wave the Wiphala, which Evo Morales had declared official alongside the Bolivian state flag. A police chief has issued a public apology for the video of the police defacing their uniforms. Añez has since responded to the outcry from her 2013 tweet by stating It’s important to preserve our cultural practices of our Bolivian people, because they enrich the national identity.'
      Due to fear of reprisal, Indigenous community radio station and Cultural Survival grant partner, Radio Pedro Ignacio Muiba, has decided to close their broadcasting until they feel the risks have passed. 'The situation is worrying when it affects our right to freedom of expression, when the voices of the Indigenous and campesino movements are being repressed along with the right to protest and peaceful demonstration, when human rights are violated, when collective rights of Indigenous Nations and Peoples are being threatened by the current transition government... all of this has been happening in the days since the government has been taken over. Since the elections at the end of October through today, a whole chain of disinformation has been set off, and the mainstream media has been complicit. They haven't helped to show the different sides of the story, and have actually helped empower racism and discrimination towards Indigenous peoples by the radical groups of the ultra-right. Supposedly in the name of democracy, they plant seeds of violence, threatening people who do not follow their politics, they stated.
      Protests have broken out calling for Morales’ return, and some have been met with violent police repression. On Friday, November 15, when demonstrators tried to cross a military checkpoint in Sacaba, a town near Cochabamba, protesters said police fired at the crowd, killing 8. Many of the protesters were coca leaf growers supportive of Morales. The day before the massacre, Añez issued a presidential decree exempting from criminal responsibility soldiers who use force against protesters, according to the Inter-American Commission.
      Indigenous leader Maria Eugenia Choque Quispe, former President of the Bolivian Supreme Electoral Tribunal, international expert on Indigenous rights and a former Vice-president and expert member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (2014-2016) was arrested on November 10 and detained at the Obrajes’ Prison for women in La Paz, Bolivia as of November 12, 2019. The charges against her are related to the recent electoral process. Choque and family members have received threats of physical harm as reported to the Bolivian Ombudsman’s Office.
      The Evo Morales presidency has become a symbol of decolonization for the Indigenous Peoples movement globally. However, his legacy is not black and white. Within Bolivia, he has been lauded by Indigenous Peoples for his commitment to indigenizing the country; renaming the country to the Plurinational State of Bolivia, making 36 Indigenous languages official languages, and for nationalizing oil and gas reserves and investing in social programs that helped lift nearly a fifth of the population out of poverty. Under his leadership, the economy grew by an annual average of 4.6 percent since he took office, more than twice the rate for all of Latin America.
     On the other hand, Morales has also been criticized by Bolivians both within the progressive left and conservative right, Indigenous and non-Indigenous, for overstepping boundaries after changing the constitution to revoke term limits allowing him to seek a 3rd and 4th term as president, and for high spending on the construction of a luxury presidential palace at the top of a 29-story glass skyscraper in 2018. Indigenous people of the lowland regions of Bolivia have repeatedly protested against Morales’ plans to construct the Tipnis highway through the Bolivian Amazon rainforest without the Free, Prior and Informed Consent of Indigenous Peoples in that region.
      Cultural Survival is calling on Bolivian leaders to ensure respect for human rights amid growing instability in the region; in particular the right to freedom of expression, the right to peaceful assembly, and the rights of Indigenous Peoples, who represent a majority of Bolivian population but have historically experienced economic and social marginalization from the Euro-descendant, urban Christian elite.  
     We urge Bolivian authorities to ensure Maria Choque Quispe’s personal safety and security as well as that of her family, and ensure that the human rights of all detainees are being upheld, especially the right to due process and a speedy trial."


     "Uncontacted tribes now threatened by Amazon fires," Survival International, August 28, 2019, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12213, reported, " The survival of uncontacted tribes in the Amazon is now at risk as some of their last forest refuges are being consumed by flames.
     In the eastern Amazon, fires have been seen near
uncontacted members of the Awá tribe, who live in the final area of rainforest left in the region.
      Local people report that the loggers who have set the fires are heavily armed, and preventing firefighters from accessing the area.
      Astonishing video Oat: https://vimeo.com/349028946) of two uncontacted members of the tribe was released last month. It’s unclear if the men in the video are still alive, as their forest is now on fire.
      On the other side of Brazil, the ancestral forest of the Uru Eu Wau Wau tribe, some of whom remain uncontacted, is also being destroyed.
      The Uru Eu Wau Wau are known as the “Harpy Eagle people, as they use the bird’s huge feathers to make hunting arrows and headdresses. They call their uncontacted neighbors the Jururei, meaning brave ones. Their reserve has long been targeted by ranchers and settlers.
      Members of the Awá’s neighbours, the Guajajara people, have long been working to protect the uncontacted Awá’s forests. The Guajajara Guardians have been patrolling the forest to expel loggers, and have also battled previous fires in the area. '"


     "Indigenous leaders denounce Amazon fires as a terrifying plague.'" Survival International, August 27, 2019, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12209, reported, " Indigenous leaders across Brazil’s Amazon region have denounced the devastating fires as a plague and a ‘terror that makes our children sick and kills the animals.'
     Antonio Enésio Tenharim of the Tenharim people said: 'We take care of this land, our territory. Until today, the fire hadn’t entered. But now it has suddenly come, in various places. It is a terror for our people, because it makes our children sick, kills the animals, it only brings bad things.'
     Renowned indigenous leader Sonia Guajajara said today: 'We’re putting our bodies and our lives on the line to try to save our territories… We’ve been warning for decades about the violations we have suffered across Brazil.
     'The predatory behaviour of loggers, miners and ranchers, who have a powerful lobby in the National Congress with more than 200 deputies under their influence … has been getting much worse under the anti-indigenous government of Jair Bolsonaro, who normalizes, incites and empowers violence against the environment and against us
."
     A group of Huni Kuin leaders said: Nature is crying and we are crying. If we don’t stop this destruction of Mother Nature, future generations will live in a completely different world to the one we live in today. This is Mother Nature’s cry, asking us to help her. And we are working today so that humanity has a future. But if we don’t stop this destruction, we will be the ones that will be extinguished, burned and the sky will descend upon us, which has already begun to happen.'
     Indigenous leader Raimundo Mura speaking to Reuters last week said: I will resist until my last drop of blood… It’s a plague. You see the lives (of the trees) wasted there. All these trees were once alive, they all needed to live, each one in its place. You can see the damage. It’s the white man’s goal to destroy this [forest].'The Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon (COIAB) has also released a statement on the fires.
     Survival International’s Director Stephen Corry said today: 'These appalling fires are not accidental. The attack on Amazonia is facilitated because of Bolsonaro’s assault on indigenous people and the environment, to a degree we’ve not seen for 50 years. The Amazon is being destroyed and its indigenous peoples are being destroyed at the fastest rate in generations. The best way to address the climate crisis is to fight for the land rights of indigenous peoples.'”


     "Indigenous organization slams Brazilian government and evangelical missionaries," Survival International, October 5, 2019, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12232, reported, " UNIVAJA – the Union of Indigenous Peoples of the Javari Valley – has issued a statement criticizing the Brazilian government’s indigenous policies.It denounces President Bolsonaro’s “far right government” which is “pushing forward with an anti-indigenous agenda in conjunction with big multinational corporations which want to exploit vulnerable populations and indigenous territories.”
     UNIVAJA says this dangerous agenda includes reinstating the notorious policy of the military dictatorship when indigenous peoples were treated as minors under the guardianship of the state, denying Indians the right to free, prior and informed consent over developments affecting them and their lands, and halting the recognition of indigenous territories.
     These moves will cause “irreparable harm to indigenous peoples in Brazil
”. The Javari Valley is the second largest indigenous territory in Brazil. Lying on the border with Peru it is covered by dense Amazonian rainforest and is home to over 5,000 Indians and the biggest concentration of uncontacted tribes in the world.
     UNIVAJA says the government’s weakening of federal agencies which are charged with protecting indigenous lands is having a drastic impact on them and accuses it of abandoning tribal peoples and putting their lives at huge risk
.
      Waves of loggers, miners, ranchers and poachers constantly invade the Javari territory spreading lethal diseases and threatening communities. Last month an agent from FUNAI, the government’s indigenous affairs department, who worked at a FUNAI protection post in the Javari Valley, was assassinated. The same post has been attacked by armed invaders six times in the last 11 months.
     According to UNIVAJA uncontacted tribes are at most risk because of their vulnerability to diseases transmitted by the invaders and violence at their hands. In recent years uncontacted Indians have been attacked and allegedly murdered by miners.
      Three evangelical missionaries were spotted inside the territory in September, in a region inhabited by an uncontacted tribe. There are fears the missionaries may try to force contact with the group, which would be illegal and highly dangerous because of the likelihood of transmitting diseases to which uncontacted people have no immunity.
     UNIVAJA says the indigenous peoples of the Javari Valley want a harmonious relationship with surrounding society', but warns there will be confrontation and death unless the government acts fast to guarantee the protection of the Javari Valley and all its peoples so that they can live in dignity'”.


     "'Stop Brazil’s Genocide': protestors target Brazil’s Minister Salles during UK visit," Survival International, October 3, 2019, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12230, reported, " Protestors gathered outside Brazil’s Embassy in the UK today, demanding that Environment Minister Ricardo Salles stop destroying Brazil’s most biodiverse territories and their indigenous guardians.The activists stood in solidarity with the indigenous peoples of Brazil who are on the front line of the fight to defend their land for their survival, and to combat climate change.
     They carried placards calling on Salles to Stop Brazil’s Genocide and to protect the environment, and displaying messages of anger and resistance from indigenous people.
      President Bolsonaro has virtually declared war on Brazil’s indigenous peoples. His administration is trying to strip them of their autonomy, steal their territories for logging, mining and agribusiness and assimilate them against their wishes. This is the worst situation indigenous peoples in Brazil have faced since the military dictatorship.
      Minister Salles is central to this assault. He is in favor of using indigenous territories for large-scale plantations and agribusiness, and has denied that indigenous peoples are being attacked, when in fact the frequency of attacks on indigenous peoples and invasions of their territories has increased dramatically under his watch. As he tours Europe, vast areas of Amazon rainforest continue to be destroyed by fire.
     Brazil is home to around 305 indigenous peoples, including around 100 uncontacted tribes. They depend on their land for their survival and all of them are now in danger. Earlier this year, Brazil’s indigenous peoples led the biggest ever protest for indigenous rights and were joined by activists around the world.
     APIB, the Association of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil, said: We have the right to exist. We won’t retreat. We’ll denounce this government around the world.'Cate Davies from the UK Student Climate Network said:
     'We are here today, standing in solidarity with the Brazilian Youth Strikers, who have been doing all they can to fight corruption and inaction on the climate, environment and human rights in Brazil. Ricardo Salles and the Bolsonaro government must be held to account for the threats they pose to indigenous communities and their inaction on the Amazon fires.'
     Sarah Shenker, activist at Survival International, said:  'President Bolsonaro and Minister Ricardo Salles are waging an all-out assault on the Amazon and its indigenous guardians. If they’re not challenged, the indigenous peoples of the Amazon face complete destruction, and that would spell the end of the rainforest and climate disaster. We stand shoulder to shoulder with the indigenous people who are putting their lives on the line to oppose them and their racist and genocidal policies. They won’t stop fighting to defend their lives and lands.'
     Richard George of Greenpeace UK said: Putting Salles in charge of Brazilian environmental policies is like giving a pyromaniac a box of matches. It is utterly shameful that the government has rolled out the red carpet for a man who is literally letting the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystem burn to the ground.'
      Minister Salles’ visit to London is part of a tour of Europe, during which he has been met with protest in several cities. A leaked copy (see: https://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2019/09/28/ricardo-salles-jair-bolsonaro-bayer-vw-europe/) of his agenda showed that he is scheduled to meet with companies with mining and fossil fuel interests."


      Over 3000 Indigenous women from more than 100 Indigenous nations occupied the Brazilian Special Secretariat of Health, August 12, 2019, demanding the resignation of its head, Silvia Nobre, an appointee of President Bolsanaro, over cuts in the "more Doctors Program," that provides doctors to underserved locations. The action was part of a larger Indigenous set of protests in the capitol over a number of days (Chris Swartz, "Our Bodies, Our Spirits, Our Territories," Cultural Survival Quarterly, September 2019).


     "Indigenous Peoples Lead Protests In Ecuador Demanding Rights And Justice," Cultural Survival, October 11, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/indigenous-peoples-lead-protests-ecuador-demanding-rights-and-justice, reported, "
      For eight days Indigenous Peoples have been in the streets of Ecuador leading protests against the neoliberal government of Lenin Moreno. While protests have been largely peaceful, protesters have clashed with riot police in the largest civic mobilization since 2005 as thousands call for repeal of austerity measures. President Moreno left Quito on Monday, October 7, moving his government to the port city of Guayaquil. Indigenous mobilizations have played a key role in bringing down previous Ecuadorian presidents including Abdalá Bucaram in 1997, Jamil Mahuad in 2000, and Lucio Gutiérrez in 2005.
      Indigenous leaders say the strikes will not end until a decree eliminating fuel subsidies is repealed. The decree, announced on October 1 as part of a $4.2 billion loan deal with the International Monetary Fund, caused the price of gasoline to spike by a third and diesel to more than double. The hardest hit are Indigenous communities as it increases the costs of transporting their goods.
     Thousands of Indigenous people camped outside of the parliament building in Quito and have been marching in the streets. Protesters have also blocked highways in the countryside, occupied government buildings, oil fields, water-treatment facilities and a hydroelectric plant. Indigenous organizations have stated that there will be no dialogue until austerity measures are repealed and the government stops selling concessions of their lands to oil and mining companies. Violent clashes have been reported in cities like Quito, Guayaquil, and Cuenca. Five people have died, many have been injured in clashes with security forces, and over 750 have been detained. There are reports that police brutality has also been directed at children and youth. Protesters have been marching and barricading roads with burning tires, while armored police vehicles have shot out water cannons and tear gas. There are calls for the international community to intervene to make sure human rights are respected and for humanitarian aid and legal support.
      The Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE) and the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorian Amazon (CONFENIAE) have mobilised over 6,000 members to Quito from outlying areas and said that the Moreno administration is acting like a military dictatorship by declaring a state of emergency and setting a curfew. Indigenous Peoples are protesting also for the defense of their lands and their collective rights.
     Juan Solano (Kichwa) of Instituto Quilloac, a Cultural Survival Keepers of the Earth grant partner, commented on the situation,
     'The violation of Indigenous rights is strong. The national media has sold to the state and conceals what is happening. Our only means of communication are social media networks. Yesterday [October 9] night, the Ecuadorian state began to eliminate information from social networks. There have been about 20 Indigenous deaths, and hundreds of people arrested and missing. Children and sick people want to return home but it's not possible. The police at night threw tear gas at the Salesian University and in the agora of the house of culture where children, women, and the elderly were resting from the protests. This is done in order to deplete the resources of survival and force Indigenous Peoples to surrender. The hospitals and the Red Cross have stopped serving Indigenous people. There are doctors providing voluntary services. Indigenous communities continue to fight through blockade of the roads and prohibition of sales of food produced in the countryside. People in the urban centers need to become aware of these needs caused by the position taken by the President. Many young Indigenous people from the southern part of Ecuador last night traveled to Quito to support our Indigenous brothers. Today, local organizations in the province of Cañar are generating a massive call to go out and put pressure on officials in the region. One of the possible solutions to avoid deaths and end this is for the members of the army to go against this regime and give support to the people from the communities. There are rumors that the army commanders already received bribes from businessmen so that they continue to carry out orders against the people.'
     Jessica Tatiana Sarango Rumipulla (Kichwa) from Radio Kimsakocha, a Cultural Survival Indigenous Community Media Youth Fellow, said,
     'We have been unemployed for almost a week, protesting to eliminate the economic measures that affect the poorest people in the country. These measures have affected the Indigenous people who are marching today and demanding that these measures to be repealed and all this has led us to repression in violation of human rights. I, as a young person and as a woman, am very affected by the fact that the access roads are closed and there is no supply of products. The government does not respect our rights and threaten Indigenous Peoples with no pity. We are in a difficult situation but fight to make the president step towards our demands.'Ñusta Sánchez (Kichwa) from Radio Pública Cotacachi, a Cultural Survival Indigenous Community Media Youth Fellow, commented,
     'The Moreno government wants to force us to accept these economic measures but will forgive high amount of debts of bankers and large companies. The people themselves cannot assume all the costs and they want to lower our salaries. This is why people resist.
     We are in a state of emergency, in curfew whoever goes out can be killed with high caliber weapons. We are fighting, many folks in Quito have entered the Assembly where they got hit with tear gas...The national media are told not to cover what we say. Xenophobic people who call us Indios', tell us to return to our land to sow, and say if we arrive in Quito we will make it dirty...There are already many dead and wounded, homeless children, women, old people.
     They are violating our rights to express ourselves, to live in a quiet place and more than anything else we have the right to protest because we disagree. There are people who have little and these measures cause more poverty. They call us exaggerated, because we want this government to respect our rights, while the President asks the military to shoot us so that there is stability in the country.'
     Cultural Survival stands in solidarity with the Indigenous protesters and calls on the government of Ecuador to respect, protect, and fulfill the rights of Indigenous Peoples as enshrined in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples."


     "Cultural Survival Stands In Solidarity With The Indigenous Peoples Of Russia," Cultural Survival, November 14, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/cultural-survival-stands-solidarity-indigenous-peoples-russia, reported, " Cultural Survival denounces the recent a Moscow court decision made on November 6, 2019, to close the Center for Support of Indigenous Peoples of the North (CSIPN), an independent organization of Indigenous Peoples, which has been defending the rights of Indigenous Peoples of Russia for almost 20 years by providing informational, educational, expert and legal support to Indigenous representatives at all levels. The decision is another case of rights violations and pressure by the Russian government on Indigenous Peoples.  
     On Nov 6, 2019, the Moscow city court held a third court hearing and upheld the demand of the Russian Ministry of Justice to close the Center for Support of Indigenous Peoples of the North. The Ministry of Justice alleged non-compliance of the organization’s by-laws with the current revised legislation and the allegation that CSIPN conducted educational courses.
     'We publicly declare that this is a continuation of the pressure campaign against the organization and its leadership in retaliation for its sustained efforts to uphold the human rights of the Indigenous Peoples of Russia’s North, Siberia and the Russian Far East, which began in 2014 and continues to this day, stated Rodion Sulyandziga, chairman of the CSIPN Board, and a member of the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, in a press statement.  
     The Russian government for years have been targeting Indigenous leaders and limiting their travel to international fora on human rights. In September 2014, the border control service of the FSB, the Russian intelligence service, at Moscow’s Sheremetyevo airport seized Rodion Sulyandziga’s passport and later returned it with one page cut out, in order to prevent him from travelling to attend the UN World Conference on Indigenous Peoples in New York.  
     This decision is the latest in a series of NGO shutdowns seen as retaliation for their activities. CSIPN was listed as a “foreign agent” in 2015, only after the NGO renounced its foreign funding and was it taken off the foreign agent list in 2018. Many demands of Indigenous communities to protect the environment are seen as obstacles to companies’ plans for resource extraction. Those that have been vocal in opposition have been criminalized.   
     Over close to 20 years, CSIPN has developed more than 20 capacity building programmes, conducted hundreds of seminars, internships and conferences on many issues related to Indigenous peoples and their livelihoods. The Center’s partners are leading scientists, experts and universities throughout the country. CSIPN is the only Indigenous organization from Russia that has special status and accreditation with UN agencies such as UNESCO, UNEA, FAO, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and others. CSIPN is a member of the educational network of the University of the Arctic. Members and experts of CSIPN actively participate in various regional, national and international meetings and programs.
     /We will continue our work to protect the most invisible and vulnerable segments of our society such as the Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East, who are the last barrier to the all-out exploitation of the resources of the Arctic by corporations, and the last custodians of Russia's natural heritage. The court’s decision has not yet entered into force and will be appealed, stated Sulyandziga.  
     Cultural Survival expresses our full solidarity with the Center for Support of Indigenous Peoples of the North and demands that the Russian government cease harassment of the organization and its members. We urge Russia to respect, protect, and fulfill the rights of Indigenous Peoples as enshrined in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and protect the fundamental right to freedom of association enshrined in the Russian constitution and part of the Russian Federation's international obligations."


     The Women's Land Right's Program of the Kenyan Land Alliance (KLA) have been working for a number of years to have equal land ownership rights with men, as a major step in equalizing the economic and social standing of women with men
("Advocating for Indigenous Women's Land Rights in Kenya," Cultural Survival Quarterly, June 2019).


      In Kenya, Indigenous pastoralists marched to the Ministry of Land in the capital, in July 2019, demanding registration of their land as theirs, under the 2016 Community Land Rights Act. As of July, no community had been registered under the act as owning land ("Kenya: Pastoralists Demand Land Rights," Cultural Survival Quarterly, September 2019).


     "You have stolen our forest.” Baka Pygmies heartfelt plea to European Commission," August 19, 2019, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12204, reported, " Hundreds of Baka Pygmies' from the Congo rainforest have written to the European Commission, pleading with officials to visit them and ask their advice and guidance before providing more funds for the hugely controversial Messok Dja park on their land.
     The European Commission is one of the main funders of the project in the Republic of Congo, but the Baka say: We’ve been waiting for you to visit us for many years, but you have never come
.'
      Both the World Wildlife Fund ( WWF ) and the European Commission have known for a long time that local people oppose the Messok Dja project, but they have carried on funding it in violation of their own policies. Both groups have been funding the park’s creation since at least 2014, but have reportedly only started community consultations in 2019.
      The Commission has also repeatedly denied that park rangers have been abusing local people, but it has never taken any action to investigate the atrocities reported to it by Survival International and others.
     In their letter the Baka say: Ecoguards funded by WWF first came to our forest years and years ago. They ban us from hunting to feed our families. They ban us from entering the forest… They told us about the boundary of the park but no one came to ask for our consent.
     'The forest is our home. We rely on the forest to live… But you people have stolen our forest. What are we going to do? How will we survive?
     'We don’t understand why you don’t come to us for our advice and our guidance about how to protect our forest. Haven’t you thought of that? If the forest is so beautiful, it’s because we are here! We are the ones you should be working with.'
     Survival’s Director Stephen Corry said today: 'Both the European Commission and WWF hold a deep-seated contempt for the Baka. The Commission staff haven’t even bothered to leave their office and go down the road to talk to them, but are happy to carry on pouring millions of euros into a project that’s stealing Baka land and ruining their lives.
     'Rather than continuing to waste huge sums of public money, the European Commission and
WWF staff should finally acknowledge that the Messok Dja project is fatally flawed and should be scrapped. And then ask the Baka how they can help them protect their land, as the true masters and custodians of the forest.'"


     Dev Kumar Sunuwar, "Indigenous Peoples Force the Withdrawal Of Guthi Bill in Nepal," Cultural Survival, July 08, 2019, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/indigenous-peoples-force-withdrawal-guthi-bill-nepal, reported, "On June 26, 2019, after over a month of continuous and massive movements by Indigenous Peoples, especially by Newar Peoples in Kathmandu Valley, the Nepalese government finally was forced to withdraw the Guthi Bill. This Bill would have permitted the regulation of customary land trusts in the National Assembly, the supreme legislative body of Nepal.
     On April 29, Minister of Land Management, Cooperative and Poverty Alleviation Padam Kumari Aryal had introduced the Guthi Bill at the Upper House stating the government’s aim to regulate all religious sites and to nationalize centuries-old Guthi (both public and private), a religious social management customary institution, proposing to form a powerful commission, replacing existing Guthi Sasthan, government’s corporation to oversee Guthis across Nepal.
     From the very day the Bill was introduced in the National Assembly, Indigenous Peoples across Nepal took to the streets stating that the Bill would wipe out centuries old customs and traditions.
     On June 19, thousands of Indigenous people gathered in Maitighar Mandala, an amphitheater in Kathmandu, next to Singadurbar (where almost every decision about the country is made) carrying placards, banners, national flags, in colorful attire, to protest the controversial Bill. The protest was even dubbed as one of the biggest protests in the history of the Peoples’ movement in Nepal.
     'Government thrashed us with batons and even used water cannons to disperse us. Many of us were injured
,' says Ganapati Lal Shrestha, coordinator of the Joint-struggle Committee, “but we continued our rallies and mass meetings.”
     'Newar Peoples had introduced Guthi, the religious social management customary institutions back in the fifth century, during Lichchhavi period in order to organize religious and social festivals, take care of temples, monuments, to worship deities, conduct funerals, and other religious rituals, says Historian and Professor Dr. Triratna Manadha, adding, Guthi is a unique system that exist among Newar communities in Nepal which manage all forms of social, religious, culture and all other rituals of Newar people. There are different forms of Guthi, public Guthi (which operate with support from government), private Guthi (which are run by members of the same linage), and Guthi also formed in order to take care of temples, monuments, water spouts, mainly for their renovation, repairs and restorations. In the past, Guthi was known as ‘Gosthi,’ which facilitates all rituals from birth to death, taking care of temples.'
     The unique part of Guthi is the land endowment to temples. Since the ancient period, when a group of people built temples, stone sprouts or rest houses, and kept land endowments for repairs, restorations and also for performing rituals. The endowments were varied from small rituals to conducting big festivals. Many people endowed their land to temples with the belief that the offerings would bring welfare to family. In addition, especially during political turmoil in Nepal, the land endowments were also made to avoid land confiscation. The land endowments over the course of time became a great resource for continuing festivals, taking care of temples and monuments, and also became associated with the land tenure system, religious and philanthropic endowments, foundations, trusts and so forth. A family or group of Indigenous communities have long been maintaining Guthi usually by generating income from commonly owned lands.
     Shah rulers in Kathmandu valley, especially after 1769, used Guthi land to fund wars, also to build palaces, government buildings, public hospitals and even airports. In 1964 the Guthi Sasthan Act (Guthi Corporation Act) nationalized all Guthi land and formed the Guthi Corporation. The government through the Corporation then started to fund rituals, festivals, and other events breaking down Newar’s customary practices. The result was loss of land because of misappropriations causing many Guthis to stop functioning, leading to the extinction of many rituals and festivals.
     Despite strict government rulings, the Guthi system continued for several generations uninterrupted. Guthi had been in practice and handed down for generations, long before the existence of modern Nepal.
     According to Guthi Sasthan, there are over 2400 public and private Guthis, largely managed by Newar Peoples. Guthis undertake religious and social ceremonies on the basis of funds generated from an estimated 1.45 million hectares of land under the ownership of Guthi. Newar people for centuries have been safeguarding cultural heritage both tangible and intangible in Kathmandu Valley through Guthi. The prominent religious and social festivals, the traditional rituals celebrated with great fanfare in Kathmandu Valley, include Indra Jatra, Rato Machhindranath Yatra of Patan, Bisket and Bhairav Rath Yatra of Bhaktapur have been sustained through Guthi. The arts, festivals, feasts and every cultural treasures of Kathmandu have been protected not by the government but by Indigenous communities in Nepal through Guthi.
     'Guthi is history, and a fundamental medium for preserving the art, literature, religion of various Indigenous communities, particularly of Newar communities. It is the cultural heritage and identity of Indigenous communities. Guthis therefore are of great importance for Newars, says, Shree Krishna Maharjan, a well-known j Newark journalist, adding, the cultural treasures, both tangible and intangible heritages preserved throughout history is our pride, part of our civilization and our identity.'
     A young leader of Nepali Congress and member of parliament, Gagan Thapa, while addressing the parliament said, Guthi has tied all Newar Peoples in such a way as the web of blood vessels has entwined whole body. As blood vessels circulate blood to all organs of the body, Guthi has kept the Newari community alive.'
     Indigenous Peoples believe that with ill intention the government through the Bill wants to erase their history wiping-out customary institutions of various Indigenous communities across the country. Therefore, thousands of Indigenous people took to the streets against the Bill, holding protests, mass meetings, and rallies calling for immediate withdrawal of the Bill.
     According to Newar activists, the government introduced the Bill in parliament without any proper study and consultation with concerned representatives. The Bill is also against the constitutional rights of the citizens as provisioned in Article 26 (2) of the new Constitution of Nepal, 2015, which says, every religious denomination shall have the right to operate and protect its religious sites and religious Guthi. Furthermore, Article 4 of the Constitution provisions include protection of religion and culture handed down from time immemorial.
     Similarly, Article 290 of the Constitution relates to Guthi, and parliament shall make necessary laws relating to Guthi, in a manner not to be prejudicial to the basic norms of the Guthi.
      The Bill’s sections 23 and 24 included ambiguous provisions, about the proposed Guthi Commission which would be allowed to take over all rights and responsibilities of the Guthi. The Bill would take precedence over all other rights, documents and past agreements, even court orders. Similarly, Section 4 (6) of the Bill also proposes to nationalize and regulate all private and public Guthis, which according to members of Guthi, is insensitive and will disregard different kinds of Guthis and their functions in Newar society. The private Guthis were founded by and exclusively for family members who share the same lineage, and outsiders are barred from the Guthi’s rituals. If the government nationalizes Guthis, it will cause a loss not only to centuries old customs and traditions, but to history and Nepali civilization."


     "Myanmar: Drop Complaint Against Six Rakhine Protesters: Five protesters in hiding, trial set to continue October 24," Fortify Rights, October 11, 2019, https://mailchi.mp/fortifyrights/myanmar-drop-complaint-against-six-rakhine-protesters, stated, "Myanmar authorities should drop criminal complaints against Rakhine protester Than Hla and five others involved in a peaceful demonstration in Sittwe, Rakhine State, said Fortify Rights today. The Sittwe Township Court is scheduled to consider the complaint against Than Hla on October 24."


     "Myanmar: Release Arbitrarily Detained Karenni Human Rights Defenders: Trial of activists set to continue tomorrow," Fortify Rights, October 28, 2019, https://mailchi.mp/fortifyrights/release-arbitrarily-detained-karenni-hrd, stated, " Myanmar authorities should immediately and unconditionally release and drop charges against six Karenni human rights defenders who published a statement criticizing two Myanmar officials for erecting a statue of Myanmar independence icon General Aung San in Loikaw, Karenni State (officially known as Kayah State), Fortify Rights said today. The Loikaw Township Court is scheduled to continue the trial on October 29."

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