Historical Landmarks, State Policies and Indigenous Selfdetermination in Brazil and Canada

Frederico Cesar Barbosa de Oliveira


The purpose of this article is to discuss the historical and political meaning of the struggles for selfdetermination

of indigenous movements in Brazil and Canada over the past decades. I propose a comparativestudy between these two countries, focusing this journey particularly on four sets of similar policies implementedin the two nation-states that targeted, in some ways, indigenous societies. In order to analyze some key milestonessince the colony to date, I investigate the main indigenous strategies implemented by both countries that resultedin serious restrictions for indigenous nations to exercise their territorial patterns and many other aspects relatedto their ancient traditions. Another purpose of this paper is to discuss how these processes shaped the currentdemands of indigenous political movements. Furthermore, this paper intends to consider the basic premisesunderlying their fight, the contexts in which the indigenous movements emerged and evolved, as well as the
possibilities and developments of their fundamental demands.

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