Steve Sachs

Environmental Activities

      Global Exchange forwarded the announcement from the 450 organizations collaborating in End Fossil Fuels ( in an August 18, 2023 E-mail, " Join us at the march to end fossil fuels on September 17th in NYC
      The United Nations is calling on world leaders to take real steps to lead us off fossil fuels to protect people and the planet. On September 20th in New York, the UN Climate Ambition Summit will gather world leaders to commit to phasing out fossil fuels
      Thousands of us will take to the streets before the summit to demand President Biden take bold action to end fossil fuels."

       In response to Vanuatu's efforts to bring the issue of the responsibility of countries for climate change to the U.N., the International Court of Justice was asked to issue an advisory opinion on the question ("Global: Vanuatu Brings Climate Change to International Court," Cultural Survival Quarterly, September 2023).

      "Demand a New Environmental Impact Statement for the Dakota Access Pipeline," Association On American Indian Affairs, September E-News,, stated, "Right now it's time to stand, once again, with Standing Rock. Submit your public comments to the Army Corps of Engineers and demand a new Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL). The just-released draft EIS is a sham, prepared by an American Petroleum Institute-affiliated company that opposed Standing Rock in support of DAPL. That's a clear conflict of interest! Standing Rock says the draft EIS should be invalidated, and the oil flow stopped pending impartial review. This is urgent – it may be our last, best chance to shut this pipeline down, once and for all."

      Sierra Club wrote in a September 21, 2023 E-mail, " Last Sunday, 75,000 of us took to the streets to demand an end to fossil fuels. We sent a strong message, but we can't lose momentum. Will you keep up the pressure by urging President Biden to seize this moment and do everything he can to act on climate?
      Last weekend, 75,000 people took to the streets in New York City. This march was the largest climate mobilization in years, showing that our movement is unstoppable, that we refuse to back down, we recognize the urgency of the moment, and we demand that President Biden continue to deliver on his campaign promises!
      Standing alongside other marchers reminded me of the power of our movement when we come together. People like me traveled from around the world to be in community; those of us fighting against LNG terminals, fracked-gas pipelines, or coal-fired power plants, sharing our vision for a clean and sustainable future. We showed up strong to fight for each other, and for the people and places we love. And we're just getting started.
       President Biden has the executive authority to do more. We're calling on him to do everything in his power to put an end to fossil fuels, support an equitable transition to a clean energy economy, and stop polluters from poisoning the air we breathe and the water we drink.
Now it's time to keep up the momentum. Stephen, add your name to keep the pressure on!
      (When you do, please personalize your subject line and message with why this matters to you. It only takes an extra moment and makes the administration more likely to see it.)
       We're calling on President Biden to do three things:
      Stop the bad: End fossil fuels. To fix a problem, first we need to stop making it worse. That means no new fossil fuel projects!
      Build the new: Transition to a clean energy economy. The solutions required to fight climate change are ready -- what we need is to deploy them across the country.
      Put justice and people first. The way we do this transition matters a whole lot. We can build a new economy while addressing long-standing racial injustice and wealth inequality, and creating family-sustaining jobs.
      We need to keep up the pressure, because it's working. In the last year, Biden has signed into law the most ambitious climate legislation ever, the Inflation Reduction Act; canceled all drilling in the Arctic Refuge; and, just yesterday, announced the American Conservation Corps, a green jobs training program that will build a pathway for good, union careers to tackle the climate crisis.
       Add your name to urge President Biden to end fossil fuels, build a clean energy future, and put people and justice first (
      I'm so glad to be part of this movement alongside you.
      In solidarity,
      Patrick Grenter
      Beyond Dirty Fuels Campaign Director, Sierra Club"

      Stop the Money Pipeline wrote in an October 7, 2023 E-mail, " Between September 13 and 20th, 189 people were arrested for taking bold action to demand that banks and financial institutions stop financing fossil fuels.

      This action was powerful and disruptive to our targets in a real and meaningful way. Now, we want to support the bold activists who were arrested throughout their legal process.
      Can you make a donation to the legal fund to support the 189 people arrested for resisting Wall Street's financing of fossil fuels (
      Whether you're able to chip in $5 or $50, every dollar helps-and every cent will go toward paying the lawyers and legal fees for the activists.
      In Solidarity,
      - the Stop the Money Pipeline team
      PS: Inspired by the wave of action? Read our co-director's piece ( about what it means for the future of the climate movement!"

      "The Fight to Shut Down DAPL Continues: Express Your Concerns by November 13th," Indigenouis Environmental Network, October 4, 2023,, stated, "On Friday, September 8th, the Dakota Access Pipeline's Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DAPL DEIS) was finally published.
      After multiple delays over the course of several months, the US Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) released the final draft. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Omaha District developed the Draft Environmental Impact Statement to evaluate the DAPL easement request to cross federally managed land at Lake Oahe under the Mineral Leasing Act authority. However, the Army Corps ran the project illegally without the proper legal easement since the beginning of 2021
       This project has been on Oceti Sakowin lands, otherwise known as the Great Sioux Nation. For years, the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and thousands of supporters called out DAPL as a direct violation of the 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty. Further, DAPL violates the Nation's right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent, affecting Indigenous livelihoods and forcing Indigenous lands to become sacrifice zones.
      The Environmental Impact Study was conducted between September 26, 2020, and October 26, 2020. However, an extension was granted, and comments were ultimately received until November 26, 2020. During this time-frame, Iowa has also granted permission to build more pump stations along the route.
      'The EIS process is a key requirement of the National Environmental Protection Act... The fact that the ACOE will grant permits without an EIS for the DAPL shows it was without consent, illegally operating now, and a constant threat to Lakota People and the environment.' said Waniya Locke (Standing Rock Sioux Tribe), local grassroots and community organizer.
      On March 25, 2020, the District Court for the District of Columbia ordered the Army Corp of Engineers to prepare a DEIS for this portion of the pipeline as the negative effects on the quality of the human environment are highly likely. Yet, Energy Transfer continued the construction; putting the Missouri River, and nearby waterways, ecosystems, and the global climate at risk for further pollution and catastrophe.
       'The Dakota Access Pipeline needs to be shutdown at all costs, as long as it operates it will continue to put our communities at risk– it is a threat to our waterways, and we will continue to denounce the Dakota Access Pipeline. It goes against our rights, not just basic human rights but our Treaty rights. We as Indigenous Peoples are considered expendable to Energy Transfer, its partners, the oil and gas industry, and politicians. It is not about if the pipeline breaks and leaks, it's when. Our children and the next seven generations' lives will be affected by this pipeline and I want to protect our and their futures by ensuring clean drinking water, land, and air to breathe." said Morgan Brings Plenty (Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe), Digital Organizing Fellow at the Indigenous Environmental Network.
      Executive Director of the Indigenous Environmental Network, Tom BK Goldtooth (Diné/ Dakota) shares, "We've fought this project for the past seven years, but the ACOE is determined to undermine that work. This new DEIS con-volutes their way into naming the DAPL construction the safest bet, a blatant lie. According to them, the water, soil, and community health will benefit from not only building DAPL, but by pumping through twice as much oil as was originally proposed. Nowhere in this statement is the climate crisis mentioned, or that oil and gas remains the biggest contributor to the climate crisis by and large. The ACOE will answer for their so-called decisions, and we can ensure that by commenting during their public comment period. "
      We urge Indigenous communities and allies to submit a public comment and express their concerns. Public comments will be accepted through November 13, 2023.
      Additional public meetings will be held in Bismarck, ND:
      Where: The Radisson Hotel, 605 E Broadway Ave, Bismarck, ND 58501
      When: November 1 and 2, 2023 from 6-9 p.m. CST
      For more information:
      Public comments can be sent to USACOE by US Postal Service or Emailed with subject line: "Comments on the DAPL DEIS" to: or at the following address:
Attn: Brent Cossette
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
1616 Capitol Avenue
Omaha, NE 68102
      Additional contact information: CENWO-PA, 402-995-2417
      We continue to join the many members of our network, community members, and relatives at Standing Rock and Cheyenne River Sioux Tribes, along with our allies, to continue the fight to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline and keep fossil fuels in the ground!"

      "200,000+ Urge DOE to 'Do the Right Thing' and Block LNG Buildout: One project in particular, the CP2 export terminal, 'would be the most harmful facility built in the United States,' one frontline activist said as campaigners delivered petition signatures" Common Dreams, .
November 30, 2023,, reported, " Climate and environmental justice campaigners on Thursday delivered more than 200,000 petition signatures calling on the Biden administration to reject the Calcasieu Pass 2, or CP2, liquefied natural gas export facility as well as all other planned LNG infrastructure.
      Environmental advocates and progressive lawmakers have been increasingly raising the alarm about CP2 and the broader expansion in LNG exports, pointing out that they put both the U.S. climate goals and frontline Gulf Coast communities at risk. CP2, for example, would emit20 times as many greenhouse gases as the controversial Willow oil drilling project in Alaska.
      'CP2, the proposed liquefied natural gas project that is proposed to come right in my backyard, where me and my children live, would be the most harmful facility built in the United States," Roishetta Ozane, founder and director of the Louisiana-based mutual aid organization Vessel Project, said in front of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).'"

      "Take Action: Protect Greater Chaco Landscape," Native Organizers Alliance Action Fund, July 20, 2023,, stated, " Last month, we won a major victory when Interior Secretary Deb Haaland announced that the Biden administration would 'prohibit*' new federal oil and gas leasing and mining claims within 20 miles of Chaco Culture National Historical Park -- protecting this sacred Indigenous site.
      But now, that victory is threatened by a new bill in the House that seeks to open up more Native land to mining and oil and gas leasing.
We're countering Big Oil's misinformation campaign and defending Secretary Haaland's 'Honoring Chaco Initiative.
      In addition to demanding Congress reject the so-called Energy Opportunities for All Act, which is nothing more than another handout to oil and gas companies at the expense of Native land and sovereignty, we're also calling on Congress to:
      Wind down and phase out fossil fuel exploitation in Greater Chaco.
Develop and implement Tribal co-management strategies for the region's public lands and resources.
      Fully protect and restore the air quality, ground and surface waters, and healthy lands of the region.
      Allocate resources to enable communities to achieve economic security and susta

      Amazon Watch wrote in a n August 17, 2023 E-mail, "On Sunday, Ecuadorians will vote on a referendum that could potentially keep the oil in the ground in one of the most biodiverse places on Earth, Yasuní National Park. This park not only hosts an array of plant and animal life, but is also home to Indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation, the Tagaeri and Taromenane. We must amplify their call!
      Yes, I will send a Tweet in solidarity with Ecuadorians during this crucial moment:
      If approved, the referendum would halt new oil expansion activity, blocking any new wells from being built and stopping new oil contracts. It would also require the closure of all currently-producing wells and the removal of existing infrastructure in the park.
      As part of the international community, we have the opportunity to spread the message and highlight the importance of a "Yes" vote to defend the Amazon and its Indigenous peoples.
Share this Tweet thread or share this story on your Instagram to show solidarity with the voices of Ecuadorians fighting to protect biodiversity and say NO to oil exploitation!"
       The referendum was approved, so now efforts are in progress by Indigenous people to stop oil drilling on their lands in other parts of Ecuador. Katie Surma, "After Decades Of Oil Drilling, Indigenous Waorani Group Fights New Industry Expansions In Ecuador: Their efforts follow a historic vote to end drilling in parts of Yasuní National Park, but uncontacted families and other Indigenous groups remain at risk from oil exploration," Inside Climate News, August 30, 2023,, reported, " Members of one grassroots community, the Baihuaeri of Bameno, announced on Monday that they have convened meetings with neighboring groups to collectively defend other parts of Yasuní which remain under threat from encroaching oil operations. The Baihuaeri are an autonomous clan of Indigenous Waorani peoples whose ancestral territory includes the southern part of the ITT fields."
      "The Baihuaeri are spearheading efforts to bring affected communities together to agree on clear boundaries to stop the expansion of oil operations throughout Yasuní and demand that the government stop sending oil companies into their territories and recognize their land rights."

       Muvija M and Alistair Smout, "Greenpeace oil protesters cover Rishi Sunak's home in black fabric," Reuters, August 3, 2023,, reported
      " Summary
      Sunak's private home targeted by Greenpeace
      PM's office makes 'no apology' for new drilling
      Government record on green issues comes under scrutiny
       Greenpeace protesters draped the private home of British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak in black fabric on Thursday, hanging huge sheets of it from the roof as they stepped up their campaign against his government's policy on drilling for oil [which includes new drilling in the North Sea] ("
      "Sunak's record on environmental issues has come under scrutiny after he said he would take a 'proportionate approach' to climate change that balances net zero ambitions with the need to keep consumers' bills down."

      Stop Line 3 via Action stated in an August 22, 2023 E-mail, " A new sulfide nickel mine has been proposed just miles from the Line 3 pipeline route in Aitkin County, Minnesota.
       The Rio Tinto - Talon Mine further compounds existing threats to the land, water, and communities in this region. In particular, sulfide mining threatens nearby wetlands, manoomin (wild rice) lakes, and the Mississippi River. Many Indigenous residents and others in the local community are opposed to the project.
      Rio Tinto and Talon Metals have signed a contract promising the nickel from the Talon Mine to Tesla for luxury electric vehicle battery manufacturing. They're greenwashing this project and distracting from real climate solutions while propping up the automobile industry.
      Despite the fact that Talon Metals has only just begun its state environmental review process, the Biden administration has already pledged $114 million in federal support for the mine.
       Tell the Biden Administration to stop subsidizing toxic mines on Indigenous land (!
      Now is not the time for corporations to further degrade land and water while hiding behind false solutions to the climate crisis. Aitkin County and Anishinaabe Akiing have suffered enough from extractive industry.
       Take action today!
      In solidarity,
      The Stop Line 3 Team"

       Phyllis Young, Lakota People's Law Project, wrote in a July 29, 2023 Email, "For the past six months, our co-director, law clerk, videographer, and organizers have all been in and out of Nevada, joining others in the effort to force the federal government to respect Indigenous sovereignty. By now, you're probably well aware of the cause: Thacker Pass, or Peehee mu'huh, the site of the largest lithium deposit in the United States, anticipated to produce 25 percent of global lithium in the near term.
      Today, I ask that you give to support our stand in solidarity with the Paiute and Shoshone peoples of Nevada in their fight to keep Big Green Extraction honest. We stand at a crossroads. As we press forward to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy, we must answer a question: will we show respect for Indigenous nations by honoring their right to self-determination and land possession, or will we allow the same tactics deployed by the fossil fuel industry for generations to sully our transition to green technology? Let's make Elon Musk and other green entrepreneurs respect Indigenous sovereignty.
      At Thacker Pass, the Ox Sam resistance camp has been active in recent months, and arrests and temporary restraining orders have been issued against our staff and other allies. Founding grandmother Josephine Sam has been forced to watch as her relative, Ox Sam founder Dorece Sam, faces a civil lawsuit. I'm the former official liaison for the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe to the resistance camps at Standing Rock in 2016 and '17. As such, I know something about what it takes to push back against the Destroyers of Unci Maka, our Grandmother Earth. One of the first principles of environmental justice is to show up when needed, and to not back down.
      Peehee mu'huh (which means "Rotten Moon" in the Paiute language) got its name from a pair of massacres, including one in 1865 of at least 31 men, women, and children by U.S. soldiers. It's now the place where the soul of the Green Revolution will be measured. In the coming weeks, we plan to publish a series of short videos telling the story of the resistance at Thacker Pass in the words of those on the ground. Please stay tuned.
      We expect this struggle to be bruising, but it must be fought. In the current era of runaway climate change and rampant loss of biodiversity, playing defense is never enough. If we're not on offense, we're losing – and in this case, the cost could well be a healthy future for the people and other living things that call Peehee mu'huh home. Please join us in this struggle!
Wopila tanka – thank you for your friendship and solidarity.
Phyllis Young
Standing Rock Organizer"

      Environmental Action stated July 29, 2023,, "Take action to preserve a mining ban around Boundary Waters," " A recent victory for the Boundary Waters may be short-lived. Legislation introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives aims to reverse a 20-year ban in the headwaters of the Boundary Waters. If passed, toxic sulfur-ore mining could come and pollute the wildernesses' pristine waters.
      With the help of environmental advocates like you, we were able to secure this ban on mining near the Boundary Waters. Now, we need your help defending it. Urge your U.S. House representative to support permanently protecting the Boundary Waters."

      Judith LeBlanc (Caddo), Executive Director Lakota People's Law Project wrote in an October 26, 2023 E-mail, "Last month, I was honored to stand alongside tribal leaders and Native organizers and environmentalists in a week of actions along the Snake River in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho pressing the Biden administration to remove dams that are threatening the salmon population, which is now on the brink of extinction.
      As Chairman Shannon Wheeler of the Nez Perce Tribe explains:
"Time is running out to protect our sacred salmon. This is a crisis that threatens our way of life, and it is a violation of our treaty rights. The federal government is failing to uphold the promises made to our ancestors when we ceded our lands."
      Right now, the Biden administration is in discussions and must listen to the grassroots and we only have until the end of the month to act.
       Click here to send a message to the Council on Environmental Quality, the Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of the Interior to remove Snake River dams without delay to save salmon and honor treaty rights:
      Together, we're fighting for the treaty rights that insure that the tribes and communities fulfill their inherent right to sovereignty over our land, water and the salmon.
      Hawwih (thank you)"

      "The Roots of Regenerative Agriculture, Drawing inspiration from age-old Indigenous wisdom." Reinforest Alliance, August 17, 2023,, reported, " Indigenous and local communities manage almost a quarter of the world's lands, and they safeguard an astonishing 80 percent of the world's terrestrial biodiversity!
      Morerver, research shows that deforestation rates are significantly lower inside many Indigenous territories compared to areas outside.
Learn more about the vital role Indigenous communities play in responsibly stewarding Earth's natural resources, and how their traditional methods can help others protect the planet (
      In many Indigenous world views, humans and nature are not separate, but parts of a whole that need each other to thrive. Such beliefs are a driving force behind the powerful environmental guardianship practiced by these communities, and lay the foundation for many of the techniques we now recognize as regenerative agriculture.
      Our commitment has always been to collaborate with, and learn from, Indigenous peoples and local communities. From harnessing ancestral knowledge alongside modern technology to boost incomes in Peru, to creating economically viable alternatives to child labor in Vietnam, these traditional practices can help us better navigate the challenges of our shared global future.
      That's why we've created a special article that celebrates these age-old practices that are critical to our planet's health. We invite you to read and share this piece in celebration of this timeliness knowledge. Learn about the key elements of regenerative agriculture practiced by Indigenous communities, how the Rainforest Alliance is learning from them, and how we're helping to adapt and share these concepts with farmers around the world ("

      " Tell the World Bank to STOP funding factory farm expansion! Indigenous communities in Ecuador are fighting the largest meat corporation in the country," Friends of Earth Action, August 27, 2023,, stated, "PRONACA's factory farms have polluted the air and water, eliminating the ability for Indigenous people to continue their lifestyle as it was – no more fish in the river to eat and polluted air to breathe.
      But PRONACA's destructive behavior in Ecuador is just one example of what's happening in communities all over the world
. Greedy companies are pushing out people, polluting communities, and destroying the environment with industrial agriculture – and they're still receiving taxpayer dollars from global financial organizations like the World Bank
      Protect local communities from polluting factory farms. We need 3,392 more signatures by MIDNIGHT TONIGHT to hit our signature goal!"

       Brett Wilkins, "Tribes to EPA: Ban Fish-Killing Tire Chemical 6PPD: 'If EPA truly cares about protecting the environment and the tribe's treaty rights, not just industry's pocketbooks, it will act now,' said one tribe's environmental scientist," Common Dreams,
August 1, 2023,, reported, " Three Western Indigenous tribes on Tuesday petitioned the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency seeking a ban on a toxic chemical used in the manufacture of tires that poses a deadly risk to fish–including species listed as endangered or threatened–when it breaks down.
      Acting on behalf of the Yurok Tribe of northern California and the Port Gamble S'Klallam and Puyallup tribes from the Puget Sound region of Washington state, the legal advocacy group Earthjustice filed a petitionasking Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Michael Regan to invoke Section 21 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) 'to establish regulations prohibiting the manufacturing, processing, use, and distribution of N-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (6PPD) for and in tires.'"

      "Help us seal our victory in one of the world's most vibrant rainforests," Rainforest Alliance, September 7, 2023,, stated, " The palm oil industry has made a pact to protect rainforests in East Aceh, Sumatra, one most biodiverse rainforests on Earth, where Sumatran orangutans, rhinos, elephants, tigers and sun bears still coexist in the wild.
      But we need big brands that buy palm oil from East Aceh to put their weight behind this agreement, or it will be meaningless – and that includes brands like Unilever, PepsiCo and Mondelez International, makers of some of the world's most recognized products
      Help us convince these major brands to keep Aceh's forests standing!
      To Unilever, PepsiCo, Nestlé, Mondelez International, Mars, Procter & Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive:
      The Government of East Aceh in Sumatra, Indonesia and the palm oil sector have made a pact to end deforestation in the region by advancing a No Deforestation, No Peatland and No Exploitation (NDPE) policy throughout the entire palm oil supply chain.
            This decision could lead to the long-term protection of tens of thousands of hectares of lowland rainforests in the "Orangutan capital of the world" – the only place Sumatran orangutans, rhinos, elephants, tigers and sun bears still coexist in the wild.
      Your company has driven the expansion of Conflict Palm Oil in this region and lowland rainforests of the Leuser Ecosystem. Now is the time to put your weight behind this potentially landscape-changing agreement."

      " Food and Water Watch stated in an August 26, 2023 E-mail, "2023 has been a hectic year, but your care and generosity for sustainable food, clean and affordable water, and a livable climate have led to several milestones. I want to take a moment to reflect on all we've accomplished so far this year!
       Defeated North Carolina's "ag-gag" law ( These laws are designed to silence journalists, activists, and impacted community members who dare to expose food safety violations, animal abuse, and environmental degradation at factory farms.
       Forced the Easterday family to abandon its attempt to re-open a mega-dairy in Boardman, Oregon ( . This is a major win for Oregon's communities, water, and climate.
       Won the passage of a factory farm regulation bill in Oregon ( We are proud members of the Stand Up to Factory Farms coalition and have worked for years to gain this step forward in addressing the harms of factory farms in Oregon.
       Worked with community groups to pressure the EPA to propose the first federal, enforceable limits on six types of PFAS ( PFAS, also known as "forever chemicals" because they don't break down in the environment, are everywhere. These PFAS limits are a welcome first step to banning PFAS altogether.
       Blocked the corporate takeover of Newberry Township, Pennsylvania's publicly-owned sewer system ( This victory protects residents from a privatization deal that would have caused massive spikes in residential sewer rates.
       Stopped Holtec International from polluting the Hudson River with radioactive waste ( By tabling, petitioning, phone banking, and rallying nonstop, together we gathered resounding support and successfully fought for the Save the Hudson bill to be drafted, passed, and signed.
       Celebrated the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) announcement that they will begin an in-depth study of factory farm water pollution ( – a first in 15 years! The EPA's decision came in response to a lawsuit that Food & Water Watch filed in 2022.
       Successfully urged the Borough of Woodlynne, New Jersey, to reject a liquified natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Gibbstown ( Woodlynne is the eighteenth New Jersey municipality to oppose the project and joins the growing effort throughout the state to stop this project in its tracks.
       Defeated plans for a blue hydrogen power plant in West Whiteland, Pennsylvania ( Stopping this project is an important step toward powering the state with renewable energy like wind and solar.
       Successfully pressed the Department of Transportation to deny a permit to New Fortress Energy ( for plans to transport liquefied methane by rail. This decision will prevent bomb trains from endangering towns and cities across South Jersey and parts of Pennsylvania.
       Passed the All-Electric Building Act in New York (, which bans gas hookups in new buildings statewide. The Act makes New York the first state in the country to ban gas in new construction by law.
       Celebrated the release of Tampa, Florida's Climate Action & Equity Plan ( plan includes steps to phase out fossil fuels and transition the city to 100% clean and renewable energy.
       Defeated plans to build a liquid natural gas (LNG) plant in Port St. Joe, Florida ( We helped community activists develop the strategy to build a coalition, grow public opposition, and shut the project down."

      "Urge the European Union to Include Indigenous Peoples' Rights in its Green Transition Legislation," Cultural Survival. September 11, 2023,, stated, "On Thursday, September 14, 2023, there will be a vote in the European Union to adopt the Critical Raw MaterialsAct.
      What is the Critical Raw Materials Act and why did it emerge?
       For the European Union to realize its twin digital and green transitions, Critical Raw Materials (CRMs) are crucial, and the European Union is actively working to enhance its ability to extract, process, and recycle strategic raw materials, as well as diversify its import sources from outside the EU. As an enabling legislation, in March 2023, the European Commission released its proposal for the European Critical Raw Materials Act
       How does this affect Indigenous Peoples?
      Mining operations are negatively impacting Indigenous Peoples in Europe and elsewhere due to this increase in demand. According to
Nature Sustainability , 54% of 5,097 mining projects globally involving 30 minerals used in renewable energy technologies are located on or near Indigenous Peoples' lands.
Indigenous Peoples are the key rightsholders in the European green transition
      Historically, Indigenous Peoples have been marginalized and their voices have been ignored, but a green transition is impossible without them. Despite constituting just over 6% of the world's population, they manage or control more than a quarter of its lands, which house about 80% of its remaining biodiversity. Additionally, the lands Indigenous Peoples manage store more than 24 percent of the world's carbon above ground.
       Indigenous Peoples' demands for the European CRMA:
Securing Indigenous Peoples' Rights in the Green Economy (SIRGE) Coalition calls on the European Union to implement Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in its CRM regulations and to comply with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and ILO Convention 169 concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples. The CRMA should not rely on complementary instruments such as the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive. FPIC and UNDRIP should be incorporated directly into the CRMA.
      Furthermore, the SIRGE Coalition urges European decision-makers to recognize and correct a number of flaws in the CRMA proposal, including:
      i) The voluntary certification schemes mentioned in the CRMA do not guarantee respect for human rights and environmental conservation; the CRM regulation must ensure that sourcing is carried out with respect of human rights and Indigenous Peoples' rights.
      ii) The fast-tracking of mining operations is not an acceptable option because it increases existing risks for Indigenous Peoples. The SIRGE Coalition's recommendation is to ensure meaningful stakeholder and rightsholder participation, consultation, and capacity building of public permitting authorities. This will make processes more efficient, inclusive, and shorter.
      iii) To reduce pressures for new mining on Indigenous lands and territories, the Act should include material reduction targets for Europe in addition to enhancing a circular/regenerative economy.
      (iv) The proposed governance board structure does not include meaningful participation of stakeholders and rights holders, such as Indigenous Peoples; this needs to be addressed.
It is critically important that policymakers place Indigenous rights, human rights, and environmental protection at the center of any green, just, and sustainable transition.
       Learn more.
       A Turning Point: The Critical Raw Materials Act's needs to be truly socially and environmentally just:
      On Thursday, September 14, 2023, there will be a vote to adopt the Critical Raw Materials Act! We have sent the following letter to EU legislators.
      Dear MEP,
      Is consent really necessary?
      On 14 September, MEPs will vote on the ITRE Compromise text on the Commission proposal for Critical Raw Materials Regulation (CRMR). We call on you to support the inclusion of the Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) and Indigenous Peoples' rights in the upcoming plenary vote.
      Over 50% of Energy Transition mining occurs on or near Indigenous Peoples' lands. Indigenous Peoples are at the bottom of the mineral value chain.
      European legislation can significantly affect Indigenous well-being and survival.
      Support the inclusion of FPIC and UNDRIP for collective Indigenous Peoples' rights.
      The absence of FPIC not only hurts Indigenous Peoples, but also may cause economic losses to companies and governments.
      510 human rights allegations made against 115 companies in 12 years, with nearly 40% related to Indigenous Peoples in 2022.
      Support Amendments 11 and 23 for FPIC inclusion in CRMR Framework.
      You can find our position paper on the CRMA here; and in this link, a number of civil society organisations throughout the world are calling for the EU to choose a global and just transition.
      Finally, we ask for your support, because the European legislation on transition minerals will not only have a large impact on Indigenous People in and of itself, but it will also serve as a model at the international level. Unless Europe ensures that Indigenous Peoples' rights are respected and no one is left behind in the transition, other countries and regions will be less likely to do so.
      Particularly, we call on you to vote in favour of Amendments 11 and 23 that ensure the inclusion of FPIC in the CRMR Framework.
      Fossil fuels do not belong in a list of critical raw materials in 2023, vote no on Amendment 2 for including coking coal in the CRM list.
      For tin and uranium, there are no valid reasons to consider those raw materials critical.       Corresponding amendments 5,7 should be discarded as they gravely impact the scope and impact of extractive industries included in the CRMR.
      Amendments 14-25 further strengthen the safeguarding of environmentally protected areas, the rights of Nature and Indigenous Peoples, in which the European Union has been at the absolute forefront in the past decades. We urge you to vote in favour of these amendments.
       Please find here in this link the voting list we ask you to support.
      Thank you for your consideration and support.
      Signed by:
      European Environmental Bureau, Seas At Risk, CAN Europe, Friends of the Earth Europe, Oxfam, Cultural Survival, SOMO, CIDSE, BUND (Friends of the Earth Germany), PowerShift Germany, Environmental Justice Foundation, Society for Threatened Peoples, Global Witness, FERN, Natural Resource Governance Institute, DiXi Group Ukraine, DKA Austria, Brot für die Welt, ECOS, ODG, Finnish Association for Nature Conservation, ZERO Portugal, WWF Germany, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, Südwind Austria, Securing Indigenous Peoples' Rights in the Green Economy Coalition (SIRGE), CATAPA, Focus Slovenia, Milieudefensie - Friends of the Earth Netherlands, RREUSE, Friends of the Earth Spain, SETEM Catalunya, Global 2000 - Friends of the Earth Austria, INKOTA-netzwerk, World Economy, Ecology and Development, Association négaWatt France, France Nature Environment, Broederlijk Delen Belgium, Ecologistas en Acción Spain, London Mining Network."

       Julia Conley, "Global Campaigners Call On Norway to Ditch Deep-Sea Mining Plan: 'By embarking on mining in the deep sea without sufficient knowledge, we risk destroying unique nature, eradicating vulnerable species, and disrupting the world's largest carbon sink," said one advocate,' Common Dreams, Oct 02, 2023,, reported, "Calling on Norway to 'live up to the responsibilities' it has as co-chair of an international panel on sustainable oceans, more than 30 climate and conservation organizations on Monday delivered a letter to nearly two dozen Norwegian embassies on all continents, intensifying global outcry over plans for deep-seabed mining in the Arctic.
      The groups, including Greenpeace, Sustainable Ocean Alliance, and the Blue Climate Initiative, called on officials to abandon plans to open 281,000 square kilometers–an area nearly the size of the United Kingdom–to deep-sea mining, saying the world currently lacks 'the robust, comprehensive, and credible scientific knowledge to allow for reliable assessment of impacts of deep-sea minerals extraction, including impacts on the planet's life-support systems and human rights.'
`Therefore, they said, the plan violates Norway's 'ambition to act according to a knowledge-based and precautionary approach.'
      'By embarking on mining in the deep sea without sufficient knowledge, we risk destroying unique nature, eradicating vulnerable species, and disrupting the world's largest carbon sink," said Sofia Tsenikli, global campaign lead for the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition. "At a time when humanity is racing against the clock to tackle both the climate crisis and the biodiversity crisis, we should protect nature–not destroy it.'"

      Eko stated in an October 14, 2023 Email, " Panama's largest and dirtiest copper mine is about to be expanded.
      The mine's Canadian operator First Quantum Minerals (FQM) thought it was a done deal, but after massive protests, Panama's government has just pulled out. This is our chance to bury the deal for good
      FQM wants to build ports and power plants to extract more copper – and the government is more than keen to cash in the promised extra royalties. But in reality, the deal would make only FQM richer and more powerful while continuing to wreak havoc on the environment, water supplies, and local Indigenous communities, for decades to come.
      The people of Panama have taken to the streets, opposing the deal with all they've got – and the government just pulled out to legal-proof the contract. This is our chance: If we keep up the pressure and make sure the world notices FQM's horrific plans, we can stop the deadly deal.
       First Quantum Minerals: No expansion or extension of the Cobre Panamá mine
      This deal is a classic tale of modern-day colonialism: Panama's government receives a tiny fraction of FQM's massive profits – all while the mine will continue damaging communities, forests and water supplies instead of benefiting the people. Even the Panama Canal, the country's lifeline, is at risk – just so big corporations can produce more electrical wirings at a lower cost.
       But a coalition of workers, indigenous communities, and unions in Panama have taken to the streets and are not backing down: They consider the contract unconstitutional, due to the lack of environmental and community impact studies. They are even ready to sue the government for treason against the Nation!
      FQM is hoping that things will calm down and the deal just needs minor changes, but we won't let that happen. If we make sure the story gets out into the world, the mining giant will have to look hard for excuses for not backing out of this deadly deal.
       First Quantum Minerals: No expansion or extension of the Cobre Panamá mine
      Eko members like you have helped win against giant corporations trying to destroy Latin America ecosystems. For the last 9 years, more than 200,000 Eko members have taken action to support Máxima Acuna, an Indigenous Peruvian farmer, to keep her land safe from the world's second biggest gold mining company. And because of your support, the mine has yet to be built and she has kept her land.
      We can win against mining companies in Panama too, but only if we take action now.
Sign the Petiton:
      More information:
       Protests against mining concession given to Canadian company intensify in Panama
Peoples Dispatch. 28 September, 2023:
       Panama to withdraw proposed contract for Canadian miner First Quantum's unit
Reuters. October 3, 2023:
       Panama protests to protect ecosystems and canal against pending mining deal :"
      Food and Water Watch wrote in an October 14, 2023 E-mail, " Factory farms pollute our water, poison our air, contribute to climate change, and damage communities nationwide. Food & Water Action is fighting for you to have safe, healthy, and sustainable food. We want to reward resilient and diversified farms, build rural communities, support farmers, and treat animals humanely.
      In 2018, we were the first national organization to call for a ban on factory farms. When we launched this campaign, we knew it would take a bottom-up grassroots effort, starting at the state and local levels. That's why we've been fighting with communities nationwide – from Maryland to California, Iowa to Oregon – to stop factory farms. And this approach is paying off.
       There is legislation in Congress that will end factory farms – the Farm System Reform Act. Tell your representative it's time for a more sustainable way.
      Ban Factory Farms:
       The Farm System Reform Act is the bold national approach we need to bring factory farming under control now and begin the transformation to a safe and equitable future for all. This legislation would:
      Place a moratorium on new large factory farms and on expanding existing facilities.
      Phase out existing large factory farms by 2040.
      Enforce environmental laws on existing factory farms, including holding Big Ag companies responsible for the pollution and destruction they create.
      Provide support for people operating factory farms to transition to more sustainable forms of agriculture
      Bring more fairness to agricultural markets through antitrust enforcement.
      So far this year, more than 9,000 Food & Water Action supporters have messaged their Congress members to support the Farm System Reform Act. Can we count on you to join us by taking action today?
      It will take your ongoing commitment to ban factory farms in the coming years. Thank you for being with us.
      Onward together,
      Krissy Kasserman, Factory Farm Organizing Director Food & Water Action."

      "Tell the Biden-Harris Administration to Expand Protections for the Molok Luyuk." League of Conservation Voters (LCV), November 10, 2023, stated, " Tell the Biden-Harris Administration to Expand Protections for the Molok Luyuk
      In 2015, the Obama-Biden administration designated the Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument in Northern California. This landscape contains important wildlife corridors, native grasslands, rare wetlands, and wild chaparral. The designation has greatly benefited the region, including by increasing visitation and improving collaborative stewardship with tribal nations and community groups.
       Now, the Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation calls on the Biden Administration to include permanent protections for the adjacent area known as 'Molok Luyuk,' or Condor Ridge.       LCV stands with Tribes and coalition partners in calling for expanding the Monument and protecting the greater Molok Luyuk landscape. Permanently protecting the land on both sides of the ridge will honor its cultural importance to California Tribes and better conserve the region's incredible biodiversity.
      Help urge the Biden-Harris administration to ensure the most expansive protections for the Molok Luyuk landscape. The tribally-led designation is an important opportunity to incorporate meaningful tribal planning, co-management, and consultation into federal protections and management. It will also be a critical part of achieving the Biden administration's America the Beautiful goal of preserving 30% of lands and waters by 2030."

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U.S. Activities

       The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) news and views can be found at:

      Native Organizers Alliance Action Fund wrote in an October 7, 2023 E-mail, " The Native American Child Protection Act (NACPA) is headed toward the U.S. Senate, following its passage by a bipartisan supermajority in the House.
       The NACPA builds on what was started over 30 years ago with the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act -- finally providing funding for the far-reaching programs and services previously called for, but never fully funded.
      Until now.
       This bill is crucial to our children and families' health and well-being -- and we need your help to make sure it passes. Will you contact your Senators today to ask them to pass the Native American Child Protection Act now (
      The federal government has a responsibility to protect all children, including Native kids on Tribal lands or in cities. But many federal programs are underfunded or unfunded, leaving Tribes and Native communities denied the right to health and safety which is at the center of treaty rights.
       The NACPA will finally put into place funding for a variety of essential programs and services to increase families' capacity to care for their children.
      These programs include the National Indian Child Resource and Family Services Center, and the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Program, both providing critical support for our communities, Tribes, and Native urban organizations.
      With your help, NACPA has already passed the House with overwhelming bipartisan support, but that does not guarantee it will pass the Senate.
       That's why we need your help today. Contact your Senators to urge them to pass this timely and important bill that's more than 30 years overdue! Click here to send your message now.
      Hawwih (thank you in Caddo),
      Judith LeBlanc (Caddo), Executive Director"

      Native Organizers Alliance Action Fund wrote in an August 25 E-mail, " For decades, the Southern Nevada Water Authority has tried to take the water in Spring Valley for a 250-mile pipeline to Las Vegas, where it would fuel commercial development. In late 2020, a powerful coalition that included members of the Ely and Duckwater Shoshone tribes, cattle ranchers, and Mormon landowners were successful in stopping the project when the Authority announced their intention to 'indefinitely defer' the pipeline.
      The problem: 'indefinitely' is not enough
      The decision to defer the building of the pipeline can be reversed at any time. This sacred place needs permanent protection from development now.
      So we've joined a critical coalition of Native leaders and tribes, including the Duckwater Shoshone, Goshute, and Ely Shoshone Tribes, to call on President Biden to designate the land as the Swamp Cedars Bahsahwahbee National Monument and permanently protect the spirits of our Tribal Ancestors massacred in this sacred space.
       Please help us make it happen by sending your own direct message now ("

      Native Organizers Alliance wrote in a September 9, 2023 E-mail, " The United States is in the midst of a housing crisis, with rates of unhoused people far outpacing federal and state government aid. On the front lines of the unhoused crisis are Native people, who have the highest rates of homelessness in the US:[1]
A graph of a homelessness
      In fact, while Native people make up less than 3% of the US population, we make up more than 10% of the unhoused population nationally.[2]
      Just last week, more than 100 people were kicked out of a mostly-Indigenous Minneapolis homeless encampment called the "Wall of Forgotten Natives." After genocide, forcing Indigenous peoples off our land, and ongoing racist inequities, the federal government has a responsibility to our communities.
`      So we're supporting Rep. Cori Bush's new Unhoused Bill of Rights, legislation that would make critical federal investments in homeless assistance programs, affordable housing initiatives, and wraparound services that keep people permanently housed.
       The unhoused crisis is urgent, with rising rental costs rapidly outpacing wages and disproportionately harming Native communities. Add your name now as a grassroots co-sponsor of the Unhoused Bill of Rights and tell Congress to protect people from being forced to live on the streets.
      When families can't afford housing, they're criminalized and dehumanized on the streets. Already, Native people face disproportionate rates of criminalization and poverty. We deserve better.
       Many Tribal members rely on the federal government's Emergency Rental Assistance program and supportive housing programs, but it's not enough.
The Unhoused Bill of Rights will:
      Provide a blueprint for the federal government to permanently end the unhoused crisis by 2027 by drastically increasing the affordable housing stock, providing universal housing vouchers, and bolstering funding to federal housing programs, shelters, transitional and permanent housing programs, social services, and permanent emergency rental assistance;
      Call on the Department of Health and Human Services to declare the unhoused crisis a public health emergency;
      Protect unhoused individuals from the violation of their fundamental human rights to housing, health care, livable wages, education, employment opportunities, access to public facilities, and freedom from harassment by law enforcement, private businesses, property owners, and housed residents;
      Support historic federal funding levels for state and local governments to provide 24-hour support for unhoused people, including: shelters, transitional housing programs, supportive services, public restrooms, hand-washing stations, showers, laundry facilities, and water fountains in coordination with grassroots and community-led organizations;
Develop holistic, health-based, and non-carceral solutions to the unhoused crisis in coordination with the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), community-led organizations, and unhoused advocates from a health-based approach that addresses both the unhoused and public health crises.
      Housing is a human right. That's why we're fighting for housing justice and for the rights of marginalized people everywhere.
       Add your name now as a grassroots co-sponsor of the Unhoused Bill of Rights to demand Congress prioritize and fix the U.S. unhoused crisis (
      Hawwih (thank you),
      Judith LeBlanc (Caddo)
      Executive Director
[1] Racial Inequalities in Homelessness, by the Numbers (
[2] The 2019 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress ("

      Lakota People's Law Project wrote in a September 12, 2023 E-mail, "Today, it's the 79th birthday of American Indian Movement (AIM) activist Leonard Peltier, and I'm on the ground in Washington, D.C. supporting a direct action at the White House. We're asking President Joe Biden to grant Leonard long overdue clemency after he's spent nearly half a century in federal prison.
      Today I ask that you stand in solidarity with Leonard, who was wrongfully accused in the mid-1970s and, trapped in his cell, hasn't been able to enjoy much of the progress we've made together toward greater justice for Native people over the decades. Please tell President Biden: Free Leonard Peltier – then use the social share buttons on our page to keep the pressure on (!

      Win Without War wrote in a November 10, 2023 E-mail, "Friend: Native and Indigenous children on Tribal lands and in urban areas, like all kids, deserve protection.
That simply hasn't been the case in the United States. Throughout the 1800s and 1900s, the U.S. government ripped Native children away from their families and communities. Students were renamed, forbidden from speaking their Native languages, forced to convert to Christianity, and pressured to give up cultural practices. Abuse and neglect were commonplace.
      That history lives on today and the promise to protect Indigenous children remains broken – but that could change and soon. Just weeks ago, with a huge bipartisan vote, the House stepped toward a new vision by passing the Native American Child Protection Act (NACPA).
       This bill would update and enhance programs that provide Tribes and Native communities with the resources necessary to address family violence, safeguard children from abuse and neglect, and uphold justice for Native families and their children. It's long overdue and urgently needed – and we can't risk this crucial legislation being deprioritized in a moment where so many crises loom large.
      While we cannot change the past, we DO have the power to shape the future. Speaking out now can help build the momentum needed to pass this bill and send it to President Biden's desk.
       Sign and send a direct message urging your senators to co-sponsor and pass the Native American Child Protection Act immediately (
      Winning without war means building a world where everyone can thrive without the fear of violence.
      Genocide, land theft, forced migration, criminalization, and cultural erasure are themes woven throughout our history. For too long, U.S. policy – foreign and domestic – has exploited Indigenous people and their lands. It happened when the United States waged an all-out war on Native peoples across the country. It happened when the government instigated coups that repressed Indigenous communities in Latin America. And it continues.
      Congress first passed the programs in the Native American Child Protection Act(NACPA) in the 1990s as an answer for the tragedy and abuse that occurred in federally-run Native boarding schools.
      But it failed to meet the moment, and for more than three decades, Congress has left Tribes and Native communities to figure out how to cover the costs of this crucial support on their own.
      Without appropriate funding, Tribes and Native communities have had to reallocate funds from other essential services or rely on external, often inconsistent, sources of aid.
      By passing the NACPA, Congress can finally follow through on a promise to protect, educate, and support Native youth by reauthorizing the programs AND providing the funding to implement them. The only thing standing in the way is a vote in the Senate, and with so many urgent priorities before Congress today, a note from you can help get this bill the attention it deserves.
       THIS is the moment for relentless advocacy. Today, will you take 30 seconds to tell your senators to pass the Native American Child Protection Act now?
      Thank you for working for peace,
      The Win Without War team"

      Native Organizers Alliance Action Fund wrote in a November 8, 2023 E-mail, "Last year the U.S. Department of the Interior began to rename hundreds of historic sites across the country to remove racist and misogynistic slurs from geographical landmarks and waterways.
      Next week, the Advisory Committee on Reconciliation in Place Names will meet to continue
this critical work.
      There's still more work to do to remove racist language from historic sites and geographical landmarks. After reviewing the Advisory Committee's published list of derogatory place names, the Coalition for Outdoor Renaming and Education (which includes Native Organizers Alliance) recommends replacing additional names and implementing community consultation processes that includes Native and non-Native voices to review replacement names.
       Will you join us in asking the Committee to take further steps to replace racist and derogatory place names on public lands (

      "First Nations' 2022 Annual Report is Out," First Nations Development Institute, November 3, 2023,, reported, "First Nations' Board of Directors is proud to present our 2022 Annual Report. Themed 'Native Values, Native Voices,' the report reflects on how our values – our cultures, our traditions, and our lifeways – continue to anchor us, and how those values are lifted up by elevating stories of our Native community partners and investing in their important work.
      In addition to messages from First Nations' President and CEO Michael Roberts and Board Chair Benny Shendo, Jr., the report features:
      Artwork by Christopher Sweet, a Ho-Chunk/White Earth Ojibwe artist and muralist who has been artistic since childhood.
      Descriptions of projects by our 2022 grantees
      Updates and stories on First Nations programs and community partners."
      The report is available at:

       Zuleikha and her Story Dance Project centered in Santa Fe, NM has continued working with area nations in " Over the Rainbow."
       Strengthening Hearts & Minds Program for Navajo Mothers
      TSP is in partnership with Northwest NM First Born. Strengthening Hearts & Minds is a bilingual (English/Diné-Bizaad) program in northwestern NM Navajo Nation for Navajo mothers facing depression and historical trauma, facilitated by three women specialists in the fields of education, healing and self care. The program focuses on traditional women's ways, healing , leadership, developing new patterns of family communication, and restorative exercises for body and mind after trauma and chronic stress. Collaborators: Navajo facilitators early childhood expert Kelly Dinéyazhe-Hunter and Navajo medicine woman/Navajo food specialist Sheila Goldtooth; co-leading with TSP Founder/Director Zuleikha.
       What's in a Story Early Childhood & Elementary School Program
      TSP has partnered to implement programs in the NM Navajo Nation since 2014, when we began facilitating What's in a Story in schools in the Gallup and Shiprock areas. Facilitated by Amy Becenti of the Navajo Nation, What's in a Story program engages between 1,000 and 2,000 young learners a year. WIS features wisdom stories using sign language and Diné-Bizaad (Navajo) vocabulary, self-care exercises and other expressive activities for literacy, historic identity and empowerment.
      In Navajo classrooms, libraries and early childcare settings, a TSP Navajo facilitator enters in a colorful story coat, and reads wisdom stories using Diné Bizaad, English and American Sign Language. As young listeners get restless, they're led in full-body exercises that re-calibrate the nervous system, readying them for more engagement.
       Self-care Trainings for Zuni Pueblo
      TSP is partnering with Zuni Pueblo to provide trainings on self-care for with Zuni Education and Career Development Center staff, Staff Wellness trainings for Zuni Recovery Center and Community Wellness Fairs.

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International Activities

       News and views of the Canadian Association of First Nations (AFN) can be found at:

      "Indigenous Peoples Continue to Push for Rights, Inclusion, and Direct Financing in Climate Change Negotiations Prior to UNFCCC COP28, Cultural Survival, June 26, 2023,, reported, " Cultural Survival continues its work in advancing the rights and interests of Indigenous Peoples internationally. From June 5-15, 2023, the Bonn Climate Conference took place in Bonn, Germany, and brought together meetings of two United Nations Framework Convention on Climate (UNFCCC) subsidiary bodies: the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation of the UNFCCC. The meetings set the agenda for discussions and a road map for the upcoming UNFCCC COP28 in Dubai in December.
       Indigenous representatives from all seven socio-cultural regions of the world followed the development of documents, negotiations, advocacy for Indigenous rights and interests, and their full and effective participation. Edson Krenak (Krenak), Cultural Survival Lead on Brazil, and Polina Shulbaeva (Selkup), Cultural Survival Consultant on Human Rights Mechanisms, participated as part of the International Indigenous Peoples' Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC).
      On the first day of the Bonn Climate Conference, the International Indigenous Peoples' Forum on Climate Change issued an Opening Statement calling for real reductions in emissions at the source, including the phaseout of fossil fuels, rather than carbon offsets, and calling for prevention rather than compensation in the loss and damage mechanisms. The main talks centered on the following topics.
       Global Stocktake
      The Paris Agreement obliges States to formulate their own climate protection goals, the so-called Nationally Determined Contributions, and to take action to achieve these goals, but it does not oblige countries to achieve them. The Global Stocktake helps measure joint progress toward long-term goals through three phases: Information Collection and Processing; Technical Evaluation of Information; and the Policy Phase of the Review of Results. The first two phases have been completed, and the third phase of the review process will take place at COP28 in Dubai. The results will help assess and identify needs and follow-up actions for ecosystem conservation and protection and climate change mitigation and adaptation.
In Bonn, government representatives, intergovernmental organizations and international institutions, scientific experts, and a number of other observers shared their experiences and expertise on mitigation, adaptation to climate change, and good practices in the face of climate-related disasters that have caused loss and damage. In their statement, Indigenous Peoples noted the inadequacy of States' efforts and actions as greenhouse gas emissions and global temperatures continue to rise. All proposed actions must include guarantees for the rights of Indigenous Peoples as affirmed in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and recognized in the preamble of the Paris Agreement.
       Indigenous Peoples also renewed their call for real reductions in carbon emissions. This includes the phaseout of fossil fuels and a transition to renewable energy sources through legal approaches that will not replicate the disaster created by the current energy system, which has led to Indigenous Peoples being dispossessed, criminalized, abused, and murdered.
Indigenous Peoples demand fair and ethical engagement with Indigenous knowledge systems and inclusion in adaptation strategies. The full and equitable participation of Indigenous Peoples, including youth, women, people with disabilities, and Traditional Knowledge holders, must be ensured and included in all actions proposed in the Global Stocktake, including in the Political Phase of the review of results and preparation of relevant documents. This process must be open and inclusive to all participants and observers.
       Loss and Damage
      The second important topic was the loss and damage negotiations, namely, the mechanisms of compensation and the provision of funding to support countries affected by climate disasters, as well as the mandate and future work of the new fund for vulnerable countries established at COP27.
      As part of this work, a second Glasgow Dialogue was held to discuss financing mechanisms to prevent, minimize, and address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change. Discussions also took place on the Warsaw International Mechanism, the Santiago Network, and the new 'Loss and Damage' Fund for Vulnerable Countries.
       Indigenous Peoples have repeatedly noted that the impacts of climate change cause serious damage to their lives and overall well being, not least of which includes the physical loss of lands, waters, territories and resources, but also the cultural loss of identity, languages, and science. Members of the International Indigenous Peoples' Forum on Climate Change affirmed and emphasized that no amount of monetary compensation can compensate for the losses affecting their way of life. Compensation mechanisms for loss and damage, and discussions at the Global Stocktake, should prioritize prevention of loss and damage over compensation.
       Indigenous Peoples from all regions must have direct access to adequate and sustainable funding for adaptation, mitigation, and loss and damage, and States must be held duly accountable. They stressed that all mechanisms and measures on loss and damage, including the Loss and Damage Fund and the Santiago Network, must recognize, respect, promote, and protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples, ensure their full and effective participation in decision-making processes, and provide fair, direct, and facilitated financial access for Indigenous Peoples. Such mechanisms should actively prevent loss and damage, including noneconomic loss and damage related to the adverse effects of climate change, and should include provisions for rapid response mechanisms to emergency situations.
       Just Transition
      One of the key issues for future negotiations at COP28 will be the Just Transition, namely the Just Transition Work Program (JTWP), which was established at COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt last November.
      Today, many developing countries cannot afford to make a Just Transition due to the lack of necessary funding and access to "true" green renewable energy sources (which include solar, tidal, wind, but not hydroelectric dams or nuclear energy), and capacity building, such as programs to retrain workers from carbon mining to renewable energy fields. Achieving global equity and justice for all countries and stakeholders will require that all aspects of implementing mitigation and adaptation measures–including decision making, finance, technologies, and education–recognize and include the contributions of Indigenous Peoples, and are based on human rights and international law.
      Indigenous Peoples recognize the need to be part of the Just Transition Work Program
. Therefore, when considering climate change issues, including issues of JTWP, parties should respect, promote, and consider obligations on the rights of Indigenous Peoples as affirmed within the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Any negotiations, workshops, seminars, or exchange of knowledge and experience should ensure the participation of Indigenous Peoples.
       The parties must recognize that the current transition to a low-emission economy is unfair and damaging to the territories and waters of Indigenous Peoples, further increasing inequality, violating their rights, and destroying Indigenous land, which has major implications on their traditional ways of life and culture, language, and spirituality.
       COP28: An Oil and Gas Conference
      COP28 will be held in December in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, under the presidency of Sultan Al-Jaber, who is managing director and group CEO of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, one of the world's largest oil corporations.
      The main themes are expected to be promoting the phaseout of fossil fuels and the Just Transition. 2022 was a year of record profits for the oil and gas sector worldwide, which happened amid a global energy crisis triggered by Russia's aggression in Ukraine. Record profits are an indicator of increased carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere, thus exacerbating the climate catastrophe faced by Indigenous Peoples around the world.
      Representatives of Conference Parties and observers have varying attitudes about COP28 being manipulated by the oil sector. There are concerns that future COPs will promote the broad interests of fossil fuel and business corporations, and there are ethical concerns about this UN conference in particular, given that the president of the COP is the head of an oil company that is damaging the climate with its waste, oil and gas spills, and greenhouse gas emissions. 'We need to end corporate sponsorships of COPs and UNFCCC processes. Big Polluters (both the fossil fuel industry and other emissions-intensive industries) shouldn't be able to literally bankroll these climate talks. Money talks, so if Big Polluters are writing the checks, we know who is also pulling the puppet strings. We need a conflict of interest policy which is part of a broader Accountability Framework that protects climate policymaking and prevents entities with private, polluting interests from unduly influencing or undermining UNFCCC activities and processes,' wrote the authors of Climate Action Network International's daily ECO newsletter.
      Many Parties have joined the Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance in calling for a phaseout of fossil fuels in a fair and equitable manner, and COP28 could be an opportunity for Al-Jaber to demonstrate that he is serious about addressing climate change and make climate negotiating history as the man under whose presidency a historic decision for the oil and gas industry might be made. Every year we hear that the age of fossil fuels is over, and there are repeated calls to reduce fossil fuel emissions. But statistics and the climate crisis show that most countries are not reducing production, and are continuing to adopt national plans to increase production significantly.
      Conference Parties are already looking ahead to COP29, with a location in Europe to be determined, and COP30, which is planned for Brazil (also called Paris +10) and will sum up the results of the first decade of the adoption of the Paris Agreement. The agenda for these meetings will be shaped by the upcoming COP28–particularly in regards to the Just Transition and oil-extracting industries.
      In a closing statement of the IIPFCC delivered on June 15, 2023, the Indigenous Peoples Caucus said, 'We call for parties to ensure active participation of Indigenous Peoples in the decision-making of the loss and damage fund, which must strive for prevention while also addressing the cultural losses connected to our identities and lifeways. Adaptation must ethically and equitably engage with Indigenous Peoples' knowledge systems to prevent maladaptation and violations of our rights. Mitigation efforts must include real reductions at the source, and ensure that the green energy transition does not recreate the removal, dispossession, and criminalization that Indigenous Peoples continue to face in the current energy system.'
      There can be no climate justice without the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples and respect for Indigenous Peoples' rights."

      "Public Statement for the Demand for Justice for Samir Flores, Cultural Survival, June 29, 2023,, stated, "On February 20, 2019, Samir Flores Soberanes was murdered. He was one of the founders of Amiltzinko community radio where he was a communicator, a member of the Peoples' Front for Defense of Land and Water for the states of Morelos, Puebla, and Tlaxcala (FPDTA); a land defender against the Morelos Integral Project (PIM); and a promoter of community education and Indigenous Peoples autonomy.
       Four years and four months after his murder, his family and community still have no justice. The investigation of his murder has been riddled with irregularities. It has focused only on the perpetrators of the crime but not the masterminds behind it and has limited the line of investigation to organized crime without taking into account his work as a land defender and communicator and the violence that such defenders face in Mexico and globally.
      The case is currently under the jurisdiction of the office of the Prosecutor General of the state of Morelos. Due to the irregularities the case has faced, we echo the demand of the FPDTA that the case be urgently taken up by the office of the Special Prosecutor for Crimes Against Freedom of Expression as the first step to ensure justice for Samir.
      Before his murder, Samir had already received multiple threats related to his work as a territorial defender. It is no coincidence, then, that he was murdered three days before a consultation imposed by the government on a thermoelectric plant in Huexca – one of the infrastructure projects of the Morelos Integral Project – which did not comply with international standards. Just a few days prior, Samir had expressed his opposition to the imposition of these projects without a legitimate consultation process through which the communities could give or withhold their Free, Prior, and Informed Consent.
      Cultural Survival demands justice from the corresponding authorities to clarify the case and the cessation of every type of violence against Indigenous rights defenders."

      "Days of Global Action - Chiapas is Mexico," Schools for Chiapas, July 20, 2023, stated, "This past weekend, July 13-16, organizations, collectives and individuals around the globe held ceremonies, performances, teach-ins, and rallies to denounce President López Obrador's denial and dismissal of the storm that darkens the skies over Chiapas.
      We know that our actions must continue, and so we invite you to sign on to our letter and sign up ( to Stop the War Against the Zapatista Communities!
      Ra´l Romero, 'Postcards from the War. Part II,' July 18, 202,, reported, "Tuesday, July 5, 2023 , in Nayarit, La Jornada correspondent Luis Martín Iñiguez Sánchez goes missing. A few days later his lifeless body is found. Monday, July 10, 2023, in Guerrero, more than 5 thousand people, identified as the social base of the local cartel Los Ardillos, take over the city of Chilpancingo and kidnap police and officials to demand the release of a transportation boss. On Tuesday, July 11, in Jalisco, municipal and state police are ambushed and at least six people are killed and 12 others injured by buried explosive mines. In Mexico today, as we wrote in our last issue ( ), we are unfortunately in a context of war.
      In order to understand the war we are living in Mexico, it is necessary to understand the old and new modalities in which they develop. In the literature on the subject, there is talk of fourth generation warfare, hybrid warfare, full spectrum warfare, total warfare, etcetera. Wars are not only waged in the armed arena or overtly, but also covertly or in low-intensity, media, economic and commercial warfare. The armies of national states are now also integrated as regional militias -always at the service of the financial centers- or strengthened with private troops, such as those of organized crime. The aim continues to be the elimination and subjugation of the adversary, but above all the control of the territory and its reorganization to guarantee profits for the occupying force.
       Although the current Mexican administration has abandoned its warmongering rhetoric, in fact it has reinforced the use of military forces to intervene in this war scenario, providing them with legal certainty, social legitimacy, economic power and possession of infrastructure. These measures, together with the use of other concepts such as national security, make it clear that the military will only leave the barracks in times of war.
`       In the war we are experiencing in Mexico, legal economic corporations are involved in disputes over territories and natural resources. These corporations count on the forces of the State to guarantee security in the plundering of minerals, water and other common goods. The armed forces join in this work as a construction company, occupying and reorganizing territories to make them useful to capital. Whether from transnational or national companies, private or from the State, the conquest, reorganization and administration of territories to put them at the service of capital is one of the characteristics of this war.
       Another of the actors involved in the current conflict in Mexico are the illegal economic corporations, organized crime and its armed groups that have presence and control in various branches of the national economy. These groups have impressive economic, political and armed strength. They are capable of building their own armored cars, of financing political campaigns or imposing candidates, and have firepower and technology capable of confronting sections of the Army, of exploding car bombs, of disappearing thousands of people, of filling the country with clandestine graves and much more. Criminal corporations have acquired a presence in the cultural industry and many aspects of daily life, to the extent that they are, for many social sectors, a source of employment, a reference of social mobility and even a model of success.
       Legal and criminal corporations are strongly intertwined, not only in aspects such as money laundering or political territorial control, but also in the use of services. In Chicomuselo, Chiapas; in Aquila, Michoacán, and in other regions of the country, mining companies acquire the services of armed organized crime groups to impose their business. Depopulating territories and eliminating resistance are also part of the objectives of the ware.
       In Chiapas, this war for territory waged by legal and criminal corporations is coupled with an old counterinsurgency war that the Mexican State left in place against the Zapatista peoples by means of paramilitary groups, corporatism and social programs. It is in Chiapas where the wars that have been tested in other regions of the world, such as Colombia, are being combined for the conquest and territorial reorganization of a geopolitically crucial zone, seasoned by the drama of migration that is well-known in the south of Europe and for other illegal cross-border businesses, and aggravated by the counterinsurgency war that has not stopped.
`      The war in Mexico finds a fundamental point in Chiapas. There a struggle is already being waged in which the peoples are betting on life with peace, justice and dignity. Zapatismo is an outpost of that struggle, that is why we must all demand a stop to the war against the Zapatista peoples, which is at the same time the cry for a stop to the war in Chiapas and in all of Mexico."

      "Cultural Survival Calls for Solidarity with Yvy Pyte Community of Pai Tavyterã Peoples," Cultural Survival, August 31, 2023,, stated, "Cultural Survival calls for solidarity with the Yvy Pyte community of the Pai Tavyterã Indigenous Peoples in the department of Amambay, Paraguay, who have been threatened and attacked by illegal invaders in their territories since 2021.
      As an organization that promotes the rights of Indigenous Peoples around the world, Cultural Survival respects and supports Indigenous Peoples being the administrators and caretakers of their territories according to their own cosmovisions. Indigenous Peoples often face threats to their physical, psychological and social integrity as a result of exercising this right, as is currently happening with the Yvy Pyte Indigenous community of the Pai Tavyterã People. Since 2021, they have been attacked by armed strangers who come to Yvy Pyte, a place of great importance for the Pai Tavyterã for being one of the last remaining tekoha guasu (association among several communities in the same territory) in the region, as well as for the fundamental close relationship this community has with the Pai Tavyterã People's place of origin, Jasuka Venda. Given this serious situation, Cultural Survival declares:
      That, since time immemorial, the Pai Tavyterã People have taken care of their territories and have protected the area known as Jasuka Venda with the sole aim of preserving it as a sacred place with cultural value and, moreover, which holds important biodiversity including many species of trees, animals, and other resources.
      That, since the beginning of 2021, Cultural Survival has been following the serious situation the Pai Tavyterã face due to the invasion and deforestation of their territory, which worsened in October 2022 when two community leaders, Alcides Morilla Romero and Rodrigo Gómez González, were assassinated during a confrontation between Paraguayan state security forces and the EPP (Paraguayan People's Army), a non-state armed group.
      That, of the 550 families comprising Yvy Pyte, 64 families–including children and elderly people–are being directly affected as victims of attacks including forced displacement, partial or total destruction of Yvy Pyte's gateway and boundaries, building of houses and boundaries by outsiders in their land, and attacks against community members' houses, putting at risk their ability to remain in the land they have inhabited since time immemorial.
      That, on July 31, 2023, the Yvy Pyte community suffered an attack in which unknown individuals invaded and fenced part of the land of the Pai Tavyterã People. Invaders also fired shots into the air to threaten the community. Since then, other invasion attempts have followed.
That the community has filed the appropriate official complaints, so far receiving no favorable answer from the responsible authorities.
      Cultural Survival calls on the international community for solidarity with the Pai Tavyterã People to support them in defending and protecting their land against the abuses they are suffering. Moreover, we condemn any type of violence against the Pai Tavyterã families as it represents a total disrespect to their Indigenous and human rights.
      Likewise, we call on the relevant authorities in Paraguay, especially the Paraguayan Indigenous Institute (INDI), the Prosecutor's Office, and the police, to take action to stop the attacks, which are conflicts totally unrelated to the Pai Tavyterã People but which ironically affect them the most, putting their lives in danger and threatening their culture as Indigenous Peoples."

      "Cultural Survival Condemns Violent Repression in Jujuy, Argentina and Raises Concerns about Limits to Indigenous Rights," Cultural Survival, June 21, 2013,, stated, "On June 15, 2023, the Constitutional Convention of the province of Jujuy, in the north of Argentina, approved a constitutional reform that severely rolls back achievements made at the national level in terms of human rights and Indigenous Peoples' rights. The reform also criminalizes the act of protesting.
      The constitutional reform took place without consultation or Free, Prior and Informed Consent from Indigenous Peoples even though representatives of the seven Peoples of the province demanded to participate in the process (
       In a context of excessive extractivism in Jujuy, the reform, ( facilitating speedy mechanisms for eviction and leaving Indigenous communities inhabiting the region at a clear disadvantage to other types of land owners. These changes only advance and protect mining interests to the detriment of the rights of Indigenous Peoples, whose lands are already threatened because of the increasing extraction of transition minerals such as lithium.
      On June 16, protests against the illegitimate reform began across different parts of the province. Jujuy's government has responded disproportionately to these protests with violent repression, using rubber bullets and tear gas against demonstrators, leaving many of them injured. At least 40 people have been arbitrarily arrested , most of them Indigenous women. Some of them have been released, but others are still detained.
      On June 20, the constitutional reform was adopted and Indigenous Peoples are still protesting to try to stop such violations of their rights. Their demand, echoed by human rights organizations that support them (, is that the constitutional reform be urgently suspended, as it represents a serious setback in terms of human rights and Indigenous Peoples' rights and goes against the order of authoritativeness of laws such as the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent, which is enshrined in several international treaties and declarations endorsed and ratified by Argentina. Argentina ratified the International Labour Organization Convention 169 in 2000 and in 2007 voted in favor of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
      Cultural Survival:
      Emphatically rejects the violent repression by state forces against Peoples participating in the protests.
      Demands that Indigenous Peoples' self-determination is respected and that Indigenous Peoples from Jujuy are consulted regarding any legislative change directly affecting them and that their right to give or withhold Free, Prior and Informed Consent is respected in alignment with Article 19 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
      Urges that the provincial legislature of Jujuy respect Indigenous Peoples' demand to suspend the constitutional reform."

      "Cultural Survival Calls for Solidarity with Political Prisoners from Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón, Oaxaca, Mexico," Cultural Survival, October 26, 2923,, stated, " After nearly nine years in preventive detention, on September 28, 2023, Herminio Monfil (Mazatec) and Jaime Betanzos (Mazatec), political prisoners from Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón, were released from prison . In 2014, 40 people from the municipality were criminalized and some of them imprisoned accused of the murder of Manuel Zepeda Lagunas . Some were released immediately, others have been released little by little, thanks to the struggle and continuous demands of their families. Five political prisoners remain imprisoned in full violation of their right to a fair trial. Despite being released, Herminio Monfil and Jaime Betanzos still have open criminal proceedings against them.
       The Mazatec people of Eloxochitlán have suffered various forms of violence in recent decades. Their internal normative system – a set of norms and procedures that Indigenous Peoples use to regulate their internal life and resolve conflicts – has been marginalized by families in power supported by political parties and urban administrations that have assumed power and repress all forms of dissidence. In addition, Eloxochitlán territory is under constant threat from extractivist actions of overexploitation of the Pletapa River and mountains for sand, stone, and water. Those who have dared to denounce the encroachment, extractivist practices, and human rights violations, have been repressed with methods ranging from fabrication of crimes to torture.
      In 2014, in order to quell and silence community organizing, the State criminalized 40 families active in the Community Assembly, exploiting the justice system as a weapon of repression and persecution. One woman and fifteen men were imprisoned, and dozens more have been forcibly displaced to avoid persecution. To date, five detainees remain in prison.
Cultural Survival denounces:
The violation of the right to access a sentence for the political prisoners of Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón. The prisoners should be acquitted and released, as their innocence has been proven on several occasions.
      Members of the community being continuously deprived of their freedom even though their innocence has been proven and even though in 2018 the Senate recognized the accused as political prisoners, and in 2022 the Federal Judiciary Council recognized that they were Indigenous persons whose rights were violated rights and their crimes were fabricated.
Mazatec political prisoners Alfredo Bolaños, Fernando Gavito, Omar Hugo Morales, Isaías Gallardo, and Francisco Durán remain in prison.
The criminalization of defenders of the community of Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón not being stopped. Cultural Survival denounces the March 2022 reissued arrest warrant against Miguel Peralta Betanzos and two arbitrary detentions of Paul Reyes and Marcelino Miramón, which occurred in May 2023.
      The government's determination to keep members of the community of Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón imprisoned and not provide justice to the displaced families. This is a political matter as members of the cacique family leading the violence and persecution in the region are part of the regional government.
      In light of these serious human rights violations, Cultural Survival demands justice for the political prisoners of Eloxochitlán and an end to the criminalization of the families in the community. We urge the Mexican State to guarantee due process for all Indigenous political prisoners and to ensure their rights to a fair and culturally appropriate trial."

      "Alternative Report to CERD Highlights Indigenous Rights Violations as a Result of Mining in Bolivia," Cultural Survival, November 3, 2023,, reported, "In October 2023, Cultural Survival and our partner organization Qhana Pukara Kurmi submitted a joint alternative stakeholder report on the situation of Indigenous rights in Bolivia for the 111th session of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), which will take place in Geneva from November 20-December 8, 2023.
      The CERD is the treaty monitoring body for the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), and one of nine International Human Rights Treaties within the UN system. The ICERD is legally binding for the 175 countries which have ratified it to date. The CERD was the first Treaty Monitoring body to be established within the UN System and is responsible for reviewing the compliance of all State parties with the provisions of the ICERD. It also makes recommendations as to how States should change their policies and practices to comply with their obligations under the ICERD to eliminate racial discrimination in their countries.
       The submitted alternative report is based on the rights violations suffered by the eight Quechua and Aymara communities composing the Ayllu Acre Antequera, an association of grassroots Indigenous communities and ayllus in the department of Oruro representing a total of 3,264 inhabitants. However, Indigenous Peoples experience violations of their rights related to mining in several parts of the country and the case of the Ayllu Acre Antequera can be extrapolated to many other regions in Bolivia.
      In 2013 the companies Illapa and Sinchi Wayra, branches of the Swiss company Glencore, signed a new contract with the Bolivian Mining Corporation (COMIBOL) for another 15 years for the exploitation of zinc, silver, and lead in the Bolívar mining project, which is located in the territory of Ayllu Acre Antequera and the Quechua and Aymara Indigenous communities that comprise it.
       Mining activities in this Indigenous territory have a series of impacts including water pollution and scarcity of water sources, criminalization of ancestral authorities for defending their land, and impacts on culture and community life, all of which generate structural discrimination against the Quechua and Aymara people who inhabit these lands. Some people have described it as living in a 'toxic desert.'
      In an already arid region, the mine is using far more water than allowed under its lease, and community members have witnessed rivers and wells being polluted and the ecosystem drying up. The mine uses 800,000 liters of water per dayand discharges 80 liters of wastewater per second into the Antequera River. Much of the remaining water has been polluted by the mine and is not suitable for human or animal consumption or for irrigating crops. Technical reports show evidence of the presence of arsenic, lead, cadmium, zinc and cyanide sulfates in this territory, exceeding the maximum levels allowed in Bolivia, which can cause serious health problems for people and animals living in this polluted land. Many families have had to get rid of their livestock, which is of vital importance to their livelihoods and its disappearance has a great impact on the communities' food and economic sovereignty. Some community members report that pipes carrying toxic substances cross their gardens and houses.
      Today, the destruction of territories has gone so far that communities are being confined to specific territories in an attempt to escape pollution in order to access water and produce supplies. However, these territories are becoming smaller and smaller and people cannot sustain themselves with the few existing natural resources. As a result, many of the Indigenous people who have traditionally lived in the area have been forced to leave their lands. This forced migration separates the youth from the elders of the community, preventing the inheritance of cultural knowledge and threatening the cultural survival of these communities.
In addition, those who dare to denounce these impacts face criminalization. People living in the Ayllu Acre Antequera testify that they often feel threatened and watched by the Illapa company. If they complain, they are threatened with criminal prosecution or the dismissal of family members who work in the mine. Several of their leaders have suffered injuries to their physical, psychological, and moral integrity and are victims of judicial persecution. This harassment is not only directed at individuals but is part of a terror campaign directed at the Indigenous population in general.
      Women in the Ayllu have suffered differentiated impacts, suffering verbal threats, racist and sexist insults, physical aggressions, touching, and intimidation by members of the mining union.
      In addition, Indigenous Peoples' internationally protected right to give or withhold their Free, Prior and Informed Consent for any activity taking place in their territory or any measure affecting them has been violated. The contract between Illapa and the COMIBOL for the Bolívar project was finalized without any regard for this process and without any interaction with the eight affected communities.
      In this context, Cultural Survival and Qhana Pukara Kurmi urge the members of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to make the following recommendations to the Plurinational State of Bolivia:
      Implement protection measures in favor of human rights defenders and women of the Ayllu Acre Antequera, detailing the differentiated measures with a gender perspective.
Implement measures to clarify the attacks against the inhabitants of the Ayllu Acre Antequera and establish measures to avoid re-victimization such as comprehensive support for the victims and reparations for the attacks suffered.
       Guarantee the life and physical integrity of the people living in the Ayllu Acre Antequera, especially the Indigenous authorities and community members who are defending their territories, environment, and human rights.
Ensure that the protection measures provided by the State are in accordance with a comprehensive risk analysis, agreed upon with the beneficiaries, and that the relevant inter-institutional coordination is carried out to safeguard their life and integrity, considering territoriality, gender, and their status as human rights defenders, among others.
Take measures to mitigate the effects on the human right to a healthy environment.
Recognize the right to self-determination of Indigenous Peoples and the resolutions issued by the Justice Council of the Ayllu Acre Antequera in accordance with international human rights standards.
       Carry out an emergency intervention in the Ayllu Acre Antequera by the responsible entities at both the national and international levels.
       Ensure the provision of drinking water for the people and animals that inhabit the Ayllu Acre Antequera.
       Cease the harassment, defamation, and discrimination against the Indigenous authorities by the mining radio station 16 de Marzo owned by the mining company and the members of the Bolívar mine union."

      Dozens of Indigenous Greenlanders are suing the government of Denmark for the implantation of intrauterine devices in the 1960s and '70s ("They Were Given IUDs as Children Without Their Consent. Now, They Want Compensation," The New York Times, October 4, 2003,

      "Myanmar Junta: Comply with World Court Rulings, End Ongoing Genocide Against Rohingya.
      New animated short film reveals Myanmar junta's erasure of Rohingya identity," Fortify Rights, August 24, 2023,, stated, " The Myanmar military junta should end the ongoing Rohingya genocide, and the democratic revolution should fully embrace Rohingya as citizens of Myanmar, said Fortify Rights in a new animated film released today.
      The Myanmar junta is scheduled today to submit its Counter-Memorial to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, also known as the World Court, defending itself against allegations of genocide brought by The Gambia. Tomorrow, August 25, is "Rohingya Genocide Remembrance Day," marking six years since genocidal attacks by the Myanmar military ( against Rohingya people in Rakhine State.
      'Six years on, the Myanmar junta continues to create conditions of life to destroy Rohingya and erase their identity,' said Zaw Win, Human Rights Specialist at Fortify Rights. 'The military's misuse of identity documents has been a factor in the genocide trial in The Hague, and today we're releasing this animated film to remind the Court and others of the Junta's ongoing use of these cards to erase Rohingya identity and destroy them as a group. The world must hold all perpetrators accountable for the ongoing genocide against the Rohingya, including coup leader Min Aung Hlaing'."

      "Myanmar Junta: Comply with World Court Rulings, End Ongoing Genocide Against Rohingya.
      New animated short film reveals Myanmar junta's erasure of Rohingya identity," Fortify Rights, August 24, 2023,, stated, " The Myanmar military junta should end the ongoing Rohingya genocide, and the democratic revolution should fully embrace Rohingya as citizens of Myanmar, said Fortify Rights in a new animated film released today.
      The Myanmar junta is scheduled today to submit its Counter-Memorial to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, also known as the World Court, defending itself against allegations of genocide brought by The Gambia. Tomorrow, August 25, is "Rohingya Genocide Remembrance Day," marking six years since genocidal attacks by the Myanmar military ( against Rohingya people in Rakhine State.
      'Six years on, the Myanmar junta continues to create conditions of life to destroy Rohingya and erase their identity,' said Zaw Win, Human Rights Specialist at Fortify Rights. 'The military's misuse of identity documents has been a factor in the genocide trial in The Hague, and today we're releasing this animated film to remind the Court and others of the Junta's ongoing use of these cards to erase Rohingya identity and destroy them as a group. The world must hold all perpetrators accountable for the ongoing genocide against the Rohingya, including coup leader Min Aung Hlaing'."

      "Just Released: Our 2022 Annual Report," Cultural Survival, June 20, 2023,, reported, "After an incredible year of hard work and deep impact, I am excited to share with you Cultural Survival's 2022 Annual Report : (!
      Since its inception in 1972, Cultural Survival has supported thousands of Indigenous communities through joint advocacy campaigns, capacity building, youth fellowships, research, direct grants, publications, and more.
      In 2022, we celebrated our 50th anniversary and Cultural Survival accomplished more than even we thought possible as we continued to support grassroots Indigenous solutions to protect, respect, and fulfill the rights of Indigenous Peoples. During the first year of implementation of our 2022-2026 Strategic Framework, we honed in on the four prongs of our strategy: Advocacy, Capacity Building, Grantmaking, and Communications, along with our primary themes, Land and Livelihoods, Cultures and Languages, Climate Change Solutions, Indigenous Community Media, and the cross-cutting theme of Women and Youth. We have built our organizational capacity by making seven new staff hires during the year, filling in operational gaps, and broadening our reach.
       This report highlights the various levels of impact Cultural Survival is making around the globe and exemplifies our commitment to creating a future that respects and honors Indigenous Peoples' inherent rights and dynamic cultures, deeply and richly interwoven in lands, languages, spiritual traditions, and artistic expression, rooted in self-determination and self-governance.
Thanks to our funders and supporters like you, in 2022 we accomplished the following:
Funded 24 community media projects in 16 countries through the Indigenous Community Media Fund.
      Supported 66 community projects in 20 countries through the Keepers of the Earth Fund.
Supported 27 Youth Fellows.
      Trained 14 Indigenous women land defenders in digital activism through 16 workshops.
Released 431+ radio programs in 16 Indigenous languages through our Indigenous Rights Radio Program.
      Supported 2 Indigenous Writers in Residence.
      Submitted 8 reports to UN Treaty Bodies on human rights issues.
      Launched the Securing Indigenous Peoples' Rights in the Green Economy (SIRGE) Coalition.
      We are extremely thankful for both our new supporters and long-time donor partners and their ongoing dedication and commitment to upholding Indigenous rights. It is through your financial support and generous donations that make this work possible.
      June 1st was our organizational Annual Giving Day. We've extended our deadline to raise $51,000 in celebration of our 51 years of service. We're more than halfway there, but just 10 days from our deadline. We need you to chip in to help us meet our goal! Donate generously to help us continue this crucial work. Thank you!
      In solidarity and gratitude,
       Galina Angarova (Buryat), Executive Director "

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